On average, 37.1% of the total is in that sector. However, the picture is highly contrasted between less (76.1%) and more urbanized areas (21.3%). Agricultural value added shows the same pattern: in developed countries it is around 2% of GDP, but in Africa is still very high at 30.5%. Urbanization is affecting this pattern, though. For less urbanized areas, agriculture value added is 41.8% but only 10.0% in more urbanized areas.
The second example of unequal distribution of income in the US is inequality between income of college graduators and non-college graduators. American company the Rating agency Standard & Poor’s (S&P) describes greater educational levels as a main means to increase productivity, arguing that if workforce in America completed another one more year of school in coming next five years’ time period, productivity profits would be able to add more than $500 billion, which is equal to the 2.4% of GDP (Frizell, 2014). It can be seen from this data that higher educational level means higher payments for labour. The difference between US social classes’ incomes can be an example for that. According to 2009 data the people with professional degrees
The U.S. could potentially “gain $41 over the lifetime of the generation born in 2010” if in the next 20 years if students improve their score in reading, math, and science by 25 points. Year-round school provides an efficient way to accomplish this goal to bring America more money (Granderson). America is no longer leading in the world’s smartest countries and it is having a negative impact on students and the economy. By implementing year-round school, test scores will sky rocket and bring in more money. Countries with more effective schooling from year-round education have fewer dropouts.
This will deeply affect the quality of education and in turn, the quality of future workers and the economic health of Brazil. In turn, there are many areas in education, and which of them is the best choice to invest is still a point to be taken in consideration. Another ramification of this problem is if the benefits caused by a better education justify the increase of investments in this area, and how efficient it will be to the
America has over the past decades tried to eradicate poverty through public supported programs. Some have been more successful in providing assistance to poorest among us than others. To fight poverty the focus must move to the middle class to make clear to that their interest has more in common to help raise up the poor than enriching themselves thus giving up power to the top 1%. To illustrate in 2014 roughly 15% of the population, 46.7 million human beings, lives below the poverty line. That is an increase from 11% in 2000 according to US Census Bureau data.
The first question is examined by both arguments and it is supported that growth of cities pushed agriculture forward stronger than did the process of enclosure. The answer to this question also explains why England agriculture was growing fastest; because it traded most and its population was fastest expanding. Intrinsic factors were also crucial for the growth of agriculture, but they were not main catalysts in making England outpace others. Elements which are main constituents of growth of productivity are convertible husbandry, better seeds, superior animals and new crops constituting as proven roughly 85%, depending on the area, of the growth and thus taking a more important position than
In this regard, studies show that famine has been reduced 20% in this period (Brownell, 2008), food supply raised 12-13% between 1960 and 1990, whereas without the new technologies food production were decreased around 20% and price was increased 35-65%. The other research in Asia shows that with 1% increase in production, the numbers of poor people decrease by 0.48% (Pingali, 2012). Furthermore, green revolution has had a great influence on labor’s life and provided opportunities for them to improve their life. In fact, this revolution has affected labors in some terms such as employment and wage. As I noted above, green revolution has increased productivity, so bulk density of generated plants enhance the need for extra labors for fertilizing, transplantation and weeding (Das,
But the one of the more important benefits in my opinion is that the children of college graduates are healthier and more prepared for school. Children aged 2 to 5 years old in households headed by college graduates have a 6% obesity rate compared to 14% for children in households headed by high school graduates. College graduates have lower crime rates and better health and better citizenship. 43% of college graduates did volunteer work compared to 19% of high schoolers and 27% in all the adults in general. 9% of College graduates donated blood in 2005 and 6% of high school students donated blood.
The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) released a new report on the impacts of raising the minimum wage to $10.10 an hour and $9 an hour. It found that a $10.10 minimum wage, implemented by 2016, would mean higher earnings for 16.5 million workers, resulting in $31 billion more in higher earnings. It would also lift nearly 1 million people out of poverty. But it also found that an increase would reduce jobs slightly. “Once fully implemented in the second half of 2016, the $10.10 option would reduce total employment by about 500,000 workers, or 0.3 percent,” it projects.
Twenty years ago, no state had an obesity rate above 15 percent, today there are 41 states with obesity rates over 25 percent. I think that more healthy options of food should be offered for school lunches. This change will bring up the price of the school lunches, however the benefit of being more healthy far outweighs the cost increase. Since 1980, the rate of obesity in children and adolescents has almost tripled. 72% of older men and 67% of older women are now overweight or obese.