It explores the different types and causes of crime and their consequences. Societal response to crime in criminal justice I would like to begin with emphasizing more on criminal justice itself. Like I stated before, criminal justice describes the societal response to crime. On page 28 of the textbook it states criminal justice refers to more of the “policy aspects of crime” Therefore, the most known component of criminal justice is law enforcement and within law enforcement, police officers, FBI agents, border patrols and U.S martials come into the
In answering these questions, the theory addresses larger issues such as: Who makes the laws in the first place? Is breaking the law the most important criterion for being a criminal? Are all people who break the law criminals? Questions about the origins of law set labeling apart from
Why We Punish & Different Ways Criminals are Punished Why does the criminal justice system of America punish criminals? The answer lies in the words “justice.” The term justice can be interpreted in many ways. Criminals are punished to: make people abide the laws of their country and state, put an end to illegal activity that could be harmful to themselves or the community, protect the public from evil, prevent crime from rising in certain areas. These are just some of the reasons why criminals are punished. There are also different approaches to punishing criminals such as: sentences that fit the crime, community service, the death penalty, and rehabilitation.
1. Is International Law a law or moral code of conduct? Explain your answer with elaborated example! Definition of International Law International law is a law which legal in two countries or more and ruling for international scale. International law also could be defined as law among states and rule the society of it.
To make binding laws within its territory, prescriptive jurisdiction is referring to the supremacy of the organs that constitutionally recognized of the state. Enforcement Jurisdiction has a meaning of the enforcement of the laws that only allowed within the state territory itself. A State cannot enforce its laws on the foreign territory without the permission or agreement from the host state; or else it will be liable for a violation of International Law. Judicial jurisdiction is concerning about a particular country’s power courts of to try cases in which a foreign factor is present. In criminal judicial jurisdiction, the range is from the territorial principle to the universality principle; and in civil judicial jurisdiction, the range is from the mere presence of the defendant in the country to the nationality and domicile principles.
Some of them have certain specialization, such as, for example, UNODC, OSCE and Interpol are mainly focused on criminal side of smuggling. Cooperation is a common practice for the organizations in the field of migrant smuggling. Some of them even goes so far that they formalize their cooperation by the agreements and memoranda of understanding. A good example of the cooperation between the organizations is IOM-UNODC Agreement for Closer Cooperation to Combat Human Trafficking, Migrant Smuggling and to Improve Border Management, which was signed in 2012. There is also another way of cooperation through migration dialogues, such as Budapest (1993), Bali (2002) and Khartoum (2014)
There are lot of aspects that deals on the use of force for example, sometimes police are accused of an unjustified use of force to subdue a suspected criminal or to quell protesters. Whereas law enforcement argues that such use of force is necessary to protect others or itself, critics often argue that law enforcement is sadistic and cruel, that it uses force to attack an individual or a group of which they disapprove.To put it more precisely, the problem of the use of weapon and the necessity of the strengthening of gun control is widely discussed at the present moment. It proves beyond a doubt that weapon is a source of a great threat to the health and life of people. This is why it is quite natural that views on gun control and possibilities of use of firearm vary consistently from the total prohibition of arm selling to population to quite liberal regulations of the gun market. In this respect, it should be said that the opposite views on gun control are determined by different approaches to the use of gun by non-professional, people that do not use weapon in their professional work, such as police officers, military, etc.
THEORIES AS TO THE BASIS OF INTERNATIONAL LAW Much theoretical controversy has been waged over the nature and basis of international law. In the coming sections the various aspects of the theories trying to give satisfactory structure of the concerned law. Does International posses law quality ? One theory which has enjoyed wide acceptance is that international law is not true law, but a code of rules of conduct of moral force only. The English writer on jurisprudence, John Austin (1790-1859), must be regarded as foremost among the protagonists of this theory.
201314530 International Law T-Th 3:30-5:00pm AB Political Science Maam Pauline Brillantes Essay on International Laws and Policies Key Questions: - What leads to corporation in a world where state behavior is akin to individual vested interests? - International Law has been an essential aspect of International Relations. However important it may be, its relevance is continuously challenged by the state system and the current world order in place today, explain how global trends challenge the imposition of International Law, and how International Law addresses certain global political, economic, and social issues. For us to better understand the question, we must first analyze
However, a bilateral agreement, extradition treaty and mutual legal assistance treaty already exists between the states parties. These agreements override the need for the implementation of certain provisions of the convention. Also, within the respective domestic laws of the states parties, the offences of the transnational organised crime is provided for in the United States federal laws[Requote the law here] In accordance with Article 3(1)(d) of the UNTOC states that: 1.“This Convention shall apply, except as otherwise stated herein, to the prevention, investigation and prosecution of: 2. For the purpose of paragraph 1 of this article, an offence is transnational in nature if(d) It is committed in one State but has substantial effects in another State.” Under Article 3(2)(d) lottery scamming is an offence that is transnational in nature as the point of the crime is committed in one state, Jamaica and has adverse effects on another state, the United States. However, Jamaica and the United States have not applied Article 3(1)(d) as both states parties have bilateral agreements between them which overrides this convention.