This approach is believed to lower costs, avoid conflicts and contribute to benefiting communications, education and training (Schulz et al, 2001:9). Functionalist migration theories are based on push-pull and equilibrium assumptions. The theory tends to view society as a system or combined of dependent parts, with a tendency towards balance. Push-pull models usually identify various economic, environmental, and demographic factors which are assumed to push migrants out of places of origin and pull them into destination places (Haas, 2011:8-13). This theory will help evaluate migration in a functionalist perspective to further acquire and understand reasons for migration.
Therefore, the generated income can move down to the lower income layers of the economy. Furthermore, tax revenues the government receives both from tourists and local businesses can be used in government expenditures on health, education, science and infrastructure. In addition, tourism significantly improves export opportunities for developing countries contributing to the expansion of their economic growth. The government foreseeing these advantages implements public policies favorable for the development of tourism. (Stynes,
There are numerous theories that can be applied to explain why people act in an eco-friendly way, providing the overview of the constructs of pro-environmental behaviour (PEB). Socio-demographic parameters are used widely however the impact of the cultural or national identity, which can be roughly approximated from the nationality of the tourist has not been precisely researched yet. Within this study the national identity of the tourist will be manipulated to help to understand its impact on PEB. The data on tourist behaviour in hotel setting together with the information from the reception and the cleaning company will be analysed. The starting point for this research is the work by Cvelbar, Grun & Dolnicar (2016) where the Slovenians have been identified as the most pro-environmental tourist while on vacation in Slovenia compared to representatives of the other countries.
The Difference Between Tourism and Hospitality The terms tourism and hospitality, while often combined and sometimes used interchangeably, refer to two very distinct sectors, though they are not mutually exclusive. Lumped together with travel, tourism has been described as “human and business activities associated with one or more aspects of the temporary movement of persons away from their immediate home communities and daily work environments for business, pleasure and personal reasons” (Chadwick, 1994, 65). Furthermore, in attempt to define hospitality in a way that incorporates its core characteristics, Brotherton (1999) posits that hospitality is “a contemporaneous human exchange, which is voluntarily entered into, and designed to enhance
___________________________________________________________________________ SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT SEMESTER II, 2015/2016 AMP 352/4 INTERNET MARKETING Lecturer : Dr Malliga A/P Marimuthu Name : Willian Leong Matric : 119956 Industry : Tourism 1.0 Introduction Tourism is defined as the activity of traveling for pleasure. It has become an important sector that has an impact on development of country economy. Tourism industry is inseparable from businesses such as travel services, food, accommodation, transportation and recreation and entertainment. Thus, when the industry thrives, it brings the benefits of income creation and generation of jobs. Therefore, many countries are trying hard to market themselves in order to attract visitors.
Tourist Gaze. The concept "Tourist Gaze" implies a dynamic process, which is associated with the acquisition and accumulation of tourist experience. Moreover, this concept includes a multi-level gradual social organisation of tourism and systematic natural development of these processes. The "tourist gaze" helps to formulate what separates the tourist experience from everyday life. Namely, to understand the ways in which the production and consumption of tourism goods and services affect various social relations and processes.
Tourism facilities operated by the concept of CBT, are in many cases supported by donors outside the community or NGOs. By providing support to this concept, these donors and NGOs aim to increase the benefits that reach the poor by stimulating an alternative form of tourism. C O N C L U S I O N Reality Tours and Travel (RTT) is by far the largest operator of slum tours in Dharavi. Thesuccess of their product has been used as a benchmark for several companies. Result of this is that multiple companies are using the same route as the one RTT uses.
The nostalgic yearning for our beginnings, for the roots or origin in our modern human existence [is] a potent touristic motivation of moderns, expressed in the quest for the primitive and more extremely, the primitive savage (Cohen 1996:228). As Cohen explain the tourism in board term indicate relation with ethnic and indigenous tourism. Cultural tourism is distinguished from the culture in a sense, because culture is dynamic and subject to change. On the other hand, cultural tourism has a tendency to preserve and conserve elements of culture (Donlon and Agrusa 2010:30) Lindholm (2007,43) emphasize that tourists do not ‘care if it’s a;; fake; they expect fakery and appreciate it when it is well done. Cultural tourism is the stage of dynamic for peculiar culture that have mechanism to shape the meaning of tourism which underline modern lifestyle.
According to the book of Tourism Management, “Tourism may be defined as the sum of the processes, activities, and outcomes arising from the interactions among tourists, tourism supplies, host governments, host communities, origin governments, universities, community colleges and nongovernmental organisations, in the process of attracting, transporting, hosting and managing tourists and other visitors” (Weaver & Lawton, 2006; Goeldner & Ritchie, 2003). Furthermore, there are other definition for tourism. The definition of tourism is travel for recreational or leisure purposes. The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people who travel to and stay in places outside their usual environment for not more than consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited. This apparently shows that there are many definitions for tourism, and the definitions of tourism are not same, but the main definition of tourism is talking about travel to other countries for different purpose, such as travel for leisure and travel for recreation.
FACTORS LIMITING SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN TOURIST ATTRACTIONS This section outlines some of the key points regarding limitation to tourism development in tourism attractions. The literature discusses the willingness of tourists to visit the cultural heritage sites as factor affecting sustainable tourist attractions. According to Abuamoud, (2014) a logistic regression model was employed in the analyse factors that affected tourism at cultural heritage sites in Northern Badia. The study found that education, variety of sites, multiple destinations, cost, and reasons for the visit had a significant impact on tourists' willingness to travel. Therefore improving cultural heritage sites and working closely with local communities to expand training and funding was highly recommended.