Introduction: Poverty refers to a situation when people are deprived of basic necessities of life. It is often characterized by inadequacy of food, shelter and clothes. In other words, poverty refers to a state of privation where there is a lack of essential needs for subsistence. India is one of the poorest countries in the world. Many Indian people do not get two meals a day.
Poverty Poverty is said to be the scarcity or the lack of a certain amount of material possessions or money. Poverty is a multifaceted concept, which may include social, economic, and political elements. Absolute poverty, extreme poverty, or destitution refers to the complete lack of the means necessary to meet basic personal needs such as food, clothing and shelter There are different types of poverty; income Poverty refers to when a family 's income fails to meet a federally established threshold to meet the basic human needs. Absolute poverty, extreme poverty, or destitution refers to the complete lack of the means necessary to meet basic personal needs such as food, clothing and shelter. Relative poverty is a measure of income inequality.
Absolute poverty refers to a prolonged deficit in some human basic needs that the person’s life becomes endangered (Poverties org, 2011). For a person to be classed as being absolutely poor they would have to meet a certain criteria, for example, the World Bank uses a monetary method to classify a person as being poor or not. If a person spends less than $1 per day they would fall below the poverty line for international comparison, then they would be classified as being absolutely poor by
According to Food and Nutrition Security Policy for St. Lucia (2013) in 2012 approximately 20.6% of the population can be regarded as living below the poverty level. The policy goes on to indicate that high unemployment and high food prices have resulted in several households being unable to earn incomes and obtain foods to meet their nutritional requirements resulting in that 16% are indigent (FNSP, 2013). Increasing levels of poverty are often linked to increasing levels of ill health (NSHP, 2006-2011). Studies have shown that the underprivileged often put off health needs for more pressing needs like food and shelter (NSHP, 2006-2011). Poverty directly influences health and well-being.
In its most extreme form, poverty is a lack of basic human needs such as adequate and nutritious food, clothing, housing, clean water and health services. According to the United Nations Development Report, , “poverty is defined as a complex phenomenon that generally refers to inadequacy of resources and deprivation of choices that would enable people to enjoy a decent living conditions.” According to Amartya Sen, the 1998 Nobel laureate in economics, argues that the “capability to function” is what matters for status as a poor or nonpoor. As Sen put it, “economic growth cannot be sensibly treated as an end in itself. Development has to be more concerned with enhancing the lives we lead and the freedoms we enjoy.” This argument by Sen, underscores that although economic growth is good but cannot be regarded as development. Development has to affect the lives of the
Since majority of the people are poor, they find it impossible to afford medical care in private hospitals. This results in high death rates especially among the poor and low income group. Increase in the number of deaths brings further hardships on families especially when the deceased was the ‘bread winner’ of the family. This sometimes results in children becoming victims of child labour and involvement in anti-social activities. The inefficiency in Nigeria’s health care system can be attributed to inadequate attention given to health care services delivery by the government.
One must take the issue of Poverty itself and examine it by putting the issue on two different scales. The two different scales should be “How can poverty be a personal problem?”, and “How can poverty be a social problem?”. After comparing the differences, the issue of poverty should be better understood from a sociological point of view. Poverty can be a personal issue because many people are born into poverty. As a child you can not control where you live and what your parents do for work, so growing up in poverty cannot be controlled in a situation like that.
Poverty is defined as a condition where people’s basic needs are not met. There are two types of poverty, Absolute and Relative Poverty. Absolute Poverty refers to people being unable to achieve a minimum level of physical health, it is measured in terms of calories and nutrition. Absolute Poverty is the same everywhere. Relative Poverty refers to people not being able to reach a certain minimum standard of living which is determined by their government, and enjoyed by others within the same country.
• Millions of poor people are affected by preventable diseases, which are originated from insufficient water supply and sanitation. • Each river in India is polluted. They are saturated with toxic metals, fluoride, and nitrates. How to overcome it: • It is essential for the Indian government to balance competing demands between urban and rural areas, wealthy and poor, the economy and the
This phenomena is having a negative effect in our society, and is responsible for many of the issues we are facing today, such as the increase in crime, poor health, unemployment, limited access to education, these factors are the main contributors that leads to the disruption of peace among the population. If we are unable to meet our basic needs like food, shelter, security, as outlined by Maslow’s hierarchy of needs it is impossible for us to be a productive member of society. Poverty is the main social problem responsible for poor health in our society. In Belize poverty is the main reason we have such high incidence of mal-nutrition among our children. With Toledo district having the highest rates followed by Orange walk and Cayo.