I Introduction. In the modern world, religion still plays a significant role; however, the importance of religion varies depending on certain individuals, societies and states. One adheres to the canons of a strict and closed sect whereas another has the leading secular lifestyle, which is totally indifferent to religion. The same applies to diverse societies and states. Some live by strict religious laws, while others provide their citizens full freedom in matters of faith and do not interfere in the religious sphere, and third keeps religion banned.
In political science Islamophobia is blamed based on policy while sociology is more on culture. It can be said that political science focuses on the “what” and soiciology focuses on the “whom.” Most times different disciplines will contradict each other, but in this case both of these disciplines seem to piggyback off each other. There are elements of sociology in The Relationship between the Muslim World and the United States and the Root of Islamophobia in America and there are elements of political science in the article The Long-Durée Entanglement Between Islamophobia and Racism in the Modern/Colonial Capitalist/Patriarchal World-System. Viewing the problem from an interdisciplinary approach can and will help solve the problem of Islamophobia. Viewing Islamophobia from a general view, one cannot fully understand why it exists.
The problems within religion and morality can be dated back as far as the Abrahamic faiths and Greek philosophy. Both of them have individual meanings but when linked together can be similar in some senses although causing complications. Using the philosophy of Immanuel Kant, Rudolf Otto and Soren Kierkegaard this essay has analysed the problematic relationship between religion and morality. Although both of them have a close relationship and that their relationship opposes many challenges we can notice that religion is supported by morality because we know that humans have a tendency to be evil. Kant made a clear point that the heart of religion is morality.
Aqsa Khalid Miss Nasreen Rehan History to Western Philosophy 25th April 2016 Role of Religion in Human Life Religion plays a very important role in shaping out the lives of individuals in a society. It acts as a unifying force for humans and provides them with the guidance to choose between right and wrong. There are numerous religions that people follow around the world but the motive behind every religion is to bring people together and bestow them with a peaceful mind and heart. Religion has a vital role in letting humans to lead a peaceful, disciplined and stable life. Aristotle said: “He who is unable to live in society, or who has no need because he is sufficient for himself, must be either a beast or a god” – Aristotle This statement
Moreover, these philosophers also subscribe to the notion that religion should not influence various areas of religion, such as government, unless it can do so in a way that is reasonable. Numerous people and institutions during the course of the respective lives of each of these thinkers would have argued differently: that religion could supersede reason in some instances and govern over aspects of life that have traditionally, and most prudently, been under the subjugation of reason. These two philosophers, however, would argue the converse and never put religion above reason.
Karen Armstrong was correct when she said that they are not like political parties, if you don’t believe in one, you are not automatically going to believe in the other. The relationship between faith and reason is a tight bond, and it only makes sense to have one along with the
Both articles formulated that civil religion is a “source of social and cultural coherence and even unity,” (Williams 2013; 240) with that it provides a set of beliefs, rituals, and the means to formulate a sense transcendent. Williams (2013) mainly focus on civil religion’s ability to critique society, as suggested by Bellah and Gorski. Civil religion provides a moral standard of what America should be, it “heighten boundaries and convinces people that those boundaries are natural and even sacred.” (254) (the term boundaries here I believe is both physical and metaphysical, not simply national territory, but the boundary for identity) It connects the nation to the transcendent. Williams and Fuist (2014) were more interested in the effect of the weakening nation-state. As nation-state being threatened by the neoliberal globalization and ethno-religious national sentiments, it seems diversity and tension within America are strengthened, with the fear of immigrants being very obvious.
The development of thought led to the condition of the political science being a multidiscipline rooted in philosophy and theory. Despite the fact that conflicts arise, political philosophy with its revival continuously characterize an aspect of political science being value-laden. Political philosophy might have been disregarded for its conception of reflection as well as the values and even questioned for its relevance in the field. However, it is for a fact that in order for a discipline to grow, it must look back to its origin in order to find its identity and true essence. The study of politics characterized by changing theories and methods as well as the existence of political philosophy as its bedrock serves as a reminder that political science is a field not limited to the ideal conception rather, the field seeks to tackle the ideal and provide practical methods and knowledge to obtain the definition of the
Be it the Protestant-Catholic wars, the Crusades, the Kashmir issue, the Israel-Palestine conflict or the Rohingya crisis in Myanmar, religion, an institution that serves the purpose of bringing order to society, has surprisingly been a major factor in these historical as well as current conflicts. It plays a significant role in world politics. Hence, addressing and resolving religious conflicts is a matter of utmost importance because it not only hinder the lives of ordinary people but also, pose a threat to a nation’s democracy, sovereignty, and integrity. It can cause instability in a country and loss of communication between individuals and firms, which in turn can result in the stalling of technological innovations and ideas. Thus, hampering economic
This universality stems from the metaphysical implications of politics properly understood. The essence of politics–the form and matter of rational humans in community–demonstrates how it exists, but not how it corresponds to the principles of reality. Understanding the correspondence between the form of politics and the matter undergirds the development of politics across history, as will be explored later. In the meantime, Aristotle’s four causes prove useful for properly understanding politics. The four metaphysical causes–final, formal, material, and efficient–together outline the reality of