The romantic movement is focused on natural beauty and the emotional response to nature. William Wordsworth show parallel ideas to the romantic era in “Few Miles Above Tintern Abbey”. Within the poem Wordsworth captures the natural essence of the abbey. Using imagery and romantic perception Wordsworth portrays the speakers initial reaction to the nature at abbey, and the change of coming back to the abbey five years later. As a child the speaker did not truly recognize the beauty to nature.
In the first poem, The Passionate Shepherd to his Love composed by Christopher Marlowe explains how nature can bring love to unity and can essentially make love blossom into something beautiful to his love, the Nymph. In the second poem written by Sir Walter Raleigh, The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd which was written from the Nymphs perspective and is a “reply” to the passionate shepherd and was interpreted to be very pessimistic and blunt but relates love and nature explaining all the negative that come when relating love and nature.The third poem, Raleigh was Right written by William Carlos Williams in 1944 which states that Williams agrees with the poem The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd and throughout the poem explains and supports the second poem more in depth. The three poems in this unit are all intertwined because they all essentially explain and compare their views on love being compared to
The Romantic era and the Victorian era are two major periods in English literature. The main difference between Romantic and Victorian poetry lies in the way these two schools of poetry portrayed life and philosophy. Romantic poetry was influenced mainly by nature and it was considered as an idealistic refuge for the human soul. While Victorian poetry was influenced by the industrial revolution and the scientific discoveries of this period. However, despite the fact that William Wordsworth is a Romantic poet and Matthew Arnold is a Victorian poet the two writers share similarities in the use of nature, nostalgia, simplicity in style and morality.
Wordsworth wrote most of his early poetry on the relationship between the mind and nature. The alliance between the inner world and the exterior world and how he saw them as fitted to each other. Wordsworth’s I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud (Appendix 2) is said to have been inspired by a walk he took on a visit to Grasmere in the Lake District in 1802. The poem reflects the emotions he experiences that are inspired by the beauty of the daffodils. The
Romanticism emerged in the late eighteenth century in reaction to the rationalism of the Enlightenment. Wordsworth and other Romantics emphasized the vigor of everyday life, the importance of human emotions, and the enlightening power of nature. Romanticism also stressed the power of imagination, which encouraged freedom from standard conventions in art and sometimes provocatively reversed social conventions (Newworldencyclopedia.org, n.d.) He helped to unite the serenity of nature and the inner emotional world of men; poetry that reunited readers with true emotions and feelings. (Shmoop, 2008). He became England's poet laureate in 1843, a role he held until his death in 1850 (Kettler, n.d.) Originally inspired by the French Revolution and the social changes it brought, Wordsworth tried to create poetry of the people, in the language of the common man.
Some early folk romantic poems describe the nature before expressing the emotion and thesis, or expand the description of the nature after demonstration to establish an atmosphere, sharing a similar function with the Chinese literary norm Qi (Cao 1), which means composing words without close relationship to the main point but conveys the sense at the initiation. For example, in the poem of Robert Burns, “My Heart’s in the Highland” states the poet prefers the life in the highland than in urban at the first line (Burns Stanza.1). However, other three lines of the first stanza show the scene in the highland including the “wild deer” and the “roe”, instead of explaining his love towards his hometown. This style is a vital characteristic in Burns’ poems, which origins from rural expression and William Wordsworth appreciates it as he believed the diction from rustic people is permanent as it has a direct association with the innermost (Bahar 9). Furthermore, the “natural” language of the poems shows the native culture in Scotland, delivering his love for his hometown.
William Wordsworth was a famous romantic poet who appreciated these ideas of natural beauty and how incredibly breathtaking it can be. He addresses how each of us can get very much caught up in the world. In his great poem, “The World Is Too Much With Us”, he states “little we see in nature that is ours; We have given our hearts away, a sordid boon!” (Wordsworth 3-4). He uses this theme of needed to stray for the world to experience real beauty in many of his other pieces of literature. In Wordsworth’s famous romantic poem, “Lines Composed a Few Miles Above Tintern Abbey”, he discusses themes of man and the natural world, the past versus the future, and awe and amazement.
In the poem it cites that he feels a presence of joy of elevation (wordsworth 37). It also admits, “In body, arid become a living soul:/ While with an eye made quiet by the power/ Of harmony, and the deep power of joy,/ We see into the life of things” (Wordsworth 35,6). This proves that nature was did not only bring the bad memories but it also made the speaker felt some happiness during this time. “A strident lover of nature might think it a shame that he has to “settle” for his imitation, but Wordsworth makes a point of mentioning that he gets more from his version than he ever derived from the physical one:...” (Kelly 259) Nature gives life to him than a physical being.
The poets looked for the inspiration they got from the symbolic language of nature. Romanticists were delighted and influenced by particular individual figures who had the power within the society such as Napoleon, Goethe’s Faust, Peter the Great, and Melvin Ahab. Such individuals were highly valued by the romanticists since their acts were heroic. Romanticism had a complex and a significant effect on the political landscape. It also had a major impact on the nationalism growth since the period was characterized by radicalization and liberalism.
Moreover, both poems point to the subjectivity of perceiving nature with this focus on the self. In both poems, the emotional responses of the speakers are brought to the forefront in each poem’s last stanza – the speaker’s feeling of joy in “I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud” is brought to the foreground in the poem’s last stanza. Likewise, the speaker’s excitement in relation to his desire for a certain kind of future for his baby is foregrounded in the last stanza. Clearly, both have feelings of the self as the central focus as they end the poems. Hence, even though the two poems are about natural landscapes and settings, they eventually turn inward to the self from their contemplation of nature, bringing awareness to the relationship between nature and the self.