Customs, food, traditions and language are part of culture and these aspects change in order in order to satisfy society people needs or desires. Since this investigation is based on the study of how generational changes in culture can affect the way Río Jiménez population communicate to each other it is very important to conceptualize the terms of culture, language, ethnolinguistic and, sociolinguistic. First of all, it is important to conceptualize the term sociolinguistics which is explained as the analysis/study of the inter-relationships between society and language; it deals with the study of culture and language and with the way language is used to create and to represent a society (as cited in Language, society and culture: 239). Sociolinguistics refers to how people use language, how changes make people to language when using it and how it represents a specific
It allows one to understand hoe the society fits together and the consequences that might arise when the community is affected by social change. Secondly, sociology enables one to develop a sense of appreciation for the diversities that are found in a set of people. It also develops the knowledge of an individual on a range of issues including human behavior, the social organization as well as culture. 6. Introduce one classical sociological
Sociolinguistics is fundamentally concerned with the relationship between language and society (Hao & Chi, 2013; Wardhaugh & Fuller, 2014). It studies and explains why people speak differently in different social surroundings; it is interested in explaining the function of language and the way it is used in conveying meaning. Scrutinizing the way people use language in different surroundings provides a sum of information about how language functions (Hao & Chi, 2013). Although sociolinguistics might not be a topic of interest to many, the examining of language allows the understanding of social relations within a community, and the way people convey and build up features of their social identities through language. Speech conveys implicit clues about who we really are, our identities, such as, where we come from, or what have we experienced or gone through (Hao & Chi, 2013).
Symbolic Interactionism George Mead (1863-1931) George Herbert Mead is one of the key developers of the symbolic interactionism. This is a micro-level perspective based on self and society. It states that human behavior is influenced by meanings and definitions that are created through interactions with others in society. This is the ongoing use of a language and gestures in suspense to how the other will react in a conversation. Within the George Mead’s theory of Mind, Self and Society, he said that the self is made up of 2 components: the “me” represents expectations, attitudes and learnt behaviors of others in society.
The significant part in structuring our identity like group members is done by The auto and heterostereotypes and they help us to understanding and justify given attitudes toward members of out-group. This understanding is supported by The social performances frame and the identity issue explain social practices and norms. Stereotypes are part of a wider cultural system that directs our behavior in different social contexts not only adjust particular interactions of
Numerous people might think that sociolinguistics is just another branch of linguistics, to cite Hudson “sociolinguistics is the study of language in relation to society” (Hudson, sociolinguistics, pg. 1, par 1). Specifically is any discussion of the relationship between language and society. However, what about internal factors, such as What is the history of sociolinguistics? Why is sociolinguistics essential for language learners and language teaching?
Sociolinguistics is primarily concerned with what affects people including the relationship between language and society. Sociolinguistics is also concerned with how multilingual speech communities use language as they interact with one another (Wardhaugh, 2006). As proposed by the term, it primarily involves two disciplines which are linguistics and sociology (Spolsky as cited in Nooyen, 1999). Sociolinguists are interested in language because of its characteristic which explains why people speak differently in different social contexts which includes people’s varied ways of saying strings or set of words and sentences. Semantics, as one subfield of linguistics is pedagogically significant.
1.6.2: Interactional sociolinguistics: Gumperz and Goffman developed interactional sociolinguistics view of discourse from the perspective of sociology and anthropology- "as a social interaction in which the emergent construction of meaning is facilitated by the use of language". (Schiffin 134) Gumperz argue that social and cultural forces affect language and cognition and therefore "a general theory of communication which integrates what we know about grammar, culture and interactive conventions into a single overall frame work of concepts and analytical procedures" (Gumperz, Discourse Strategies) is needed for discourse analysis. Interactional sociolinguistics, the term and the perspective are grounded in work of John Gumperz. Interactional sociolinguistics as an approach to Discourse Analysis is concerned with how speakers signal and interpret meaning in social interaction. This approach helps the analysts to interpret what participants intend to convey in everyday communication.
Sociolinguistics is a branch of linguistics that studies the relationship between the society and the language used in it, through studying the effects of the traditions, cultural norms, expectations, and relationships between speakers. It aims to understand why language users speak differently in various social contexts and the effect of different social factors, such as age, class, gender, social status, and social distance, on their way of speaking. Language is a system of communication between individuals that is used to express their feelings, admiration, and to ask for and give information, it provides its users with a variety of ways to express the same thing through different linguistic forms like; pronunciation, words, grammar, and dialect. Henry Sweet, an English phonetician and language scholar, stated: “Language is the expression of ideas by means of speech-sounds combined into words. Words are combined into sentences, this combination answering to that of ideas into thoughts.” People uses language to transfer their needs into words and their words into actions.
According to David Crystal [7, p. 240], pragmatics is the study of language from the point of view of its users, especially of the choices they make, the constraints they encounter in using language in social interactions and the effects their use of language have on other participants in the act of communication. G. Kasper (1993) defines the term as “the study of people's comprehension and production of linguistic action in context” [17, p. 3]. The words action and context, two crucial elements of speech acts in language are included there. Thus, the linguist uses the term linguistic action which defines the learner’s capacity to produce an