Tectonics is defined as the science or art of construction, both in relation to use and artistic design. It refers not just to the activity of making the materially requisite construction that answers certain needs but rather to the activity that raises this construction as an art form. It is concerned with the modeling of material to bring the material into presence - from the physical into the meta-physical world (Maulden, 1986). Since tectonics is primarily concerned with the making of architecture in a modern world, its value is seen as being a partial strategy for an architecture rooted in time and place therefore beginning to bring poetry in construction. Tectonics, however, has the capacity to create depth-ness of context resulting in the implicit story being told by the tectonic expression.
Program will be the history of architecture and landscape architecture. This option will offer me a detailed study program that will prepare me to carry out research and teach in the relevant disciplines. The program focusses on architecture through different historic times as well as on the historic cultures, while especially emphasizing on understanding landscapes or buildings along with their designers in history as intricate and interconnected wholes that incorporate meaning, culture, function, tectonics and aesthetics. The PhD program in history of architecture and landscape architecture mainly focusses on understanding structural designs and their historical contexts over time. New designs have been adopted since the onset of architecture, and thus, with the concentration of a history of architecture, new phenomenon and innovations are realized that would help in further explanation and address of other necessities in the same sector.
It gradually becomes a national trait aligned with cheaper labor force that attracts the developed countries. In other words, the developed countries are willing to progress manufacturing outsourcing in China. Moreover, market demand boosts in the stage of economic development, therefore, there are massive amount of potential opportunities occurring in the market place. With increasing amount of the FDI, China is constantly absorbing knowledge and learning skills from innovative technologies and trying to help local business development. As a result, the GDP is rapidly growing since 1995 (World Bank Data 2017), which indicates that the purchasing power of customers is sharply boosting in the domestic market.
Therefore, this study intends to look other countries ' standard terminology to evaluate construction project data. The research has been made to determine critical success factors and various success criteria. By the help of the research method, the concept of project success has been reviewed in construction projects. As a result of literature review it is observed that,
In fact, uncertainty and ambiguity offers a wider scope for innovation and development; a clearly defined subject denies sufficient flexibility as what is needed is to separate complexity from ambiguity. There are areas of ambiguity that can be broadly grouped under process and product of urban design. The first three arenas address the ambiguities about the design outcome of urban design for urban space. The last four arenas concentrate on urban design as a process creating ambiguities. The seven arenas are identified below and they should be taken into account to arrive at a definition for urban design: 1- The urban fabric scale of which is addressed by urban design 2- The visual and spatial emphases of urban design; 3- The social emphases of urban design; 4- The relationship between processes and products
This concept is adapted from Saegart (1985) and Leon (2009) which they relate it with home (Koh & Leon, 2014). The significance study by these authors is creating a new space for one self can lead to separating self and others. In this study, the authors emphasise that the concept of dwelling is link together with trauma of displacement and dislocation. Home is a place where it makes an individual feel safe, and have sense of belonging (Koh & Leon, 2014). The authors also insert theories such as spaces of heterotopia, and symbolic spaces.
The demand for oil in China has grown to unprecedented levels. It is one of the leading countries in oil demand growth. China’s dependency on oil has surpassed the USA in terms of imported oil in from the Middle East. The increase in oil demand in China is the result of many economic variables, including a booming economy. The implication of such a booming economy has resulted in political shifts on a global scale for China.
For example, Hawaii had sandalwood. Sandalwood had a lot of value in China, according to History.com. Sandalwood from Hawaii could then be sold to China and all of the profit would go to America, therefore increasing its economy. Hawaii also had sugar to offer. The sugar industry was big and brought in a lot of money, America saw this as an opportunity to obviously increase the economy.
The process of globalization, and its impact on economic growth have become the defining influence on the development of modern China. China 's integration into the global economic system has been a multifaceted and complex process, and one that China appears exceptionally eager to embrace. Encompassing domestic policy shifts, engagement with both global and regional institutions, as well as bilateral agreements with various countries, globalization has been an impressively orchestrated process initiated by the very top of the CCP. While advocates of globalization tout the growth of China as proof of its merits, analyzing the actual effects on the ground reveals a much more nuanced reality. Globalization has undoubtedly brought China more wealth and power, but it has also generated a host of other effects, both positive and negative.
Architectural expression: Art [Kunst] Responsiveness to factual circumstances and refinement were prerequisites for achieving 'building'. However, to achieve true architecture, one still needed to elevate 'building' to 'building-art'.26 This artistic component regarded mainly the 'form' – the visible, external appearance of the building - which matured during the final stages of the design process, following the resolution and consolidation of more essential, underlying factors, such as the construction.27 Indeed, the form depended on the essence of the building because, to be true, the form should clearly express this essence – the building as it really was; being shaped out of its means and purpose.28 Through construction, the form could