During St. Augustine’s time, his political and social views had a lasting effect on the way that the world viewed religion and society. Although, the Augustinian worldview eventually ran its course, and made way for a different way of thinking. Whilst Augustinian worldview was based on St. Augustine’s beliefs in Christianity, the worldviews that took over were more so based in science. The Augustinian worldview died out due in part to the Reformation and the Scientific Revolution in the mid 1500-1600’s. The Protestant Reformation began in the 1500’s and lasted on into the 1600’s.
Darwin also worried that his theory of evolution may encourage radicals like the Chartists who hated the common view that everyone had their place in life, decided by god. In 1837 he outlined ideas of comparative anthropology, which from his knowledge of different religious beliefs around the world as well as at various times in history, and came to the view that scriptures were unreliable and contradictory. Upon this Charles Darwin was not isolated because he built up a group of friends, fellow scientists and breeders known as the Down house network. They helped him gather the body of evidence he needed to support his theory. They were also trusted colleagues to whom he could gradually expose his developing ideas.
Many Christians believe that the first sin, caused by Eve, is why women have pregnancy pains, why men have to labor, and why people have to die, with no eternal life. The new founding’s made by scientist and philosophers thought that there could be other “realistic” reasons on why things like such happened. The Enlightenment Era was revolutionary because the people were finally finding their voices. Instead of basing their day to day lives off of religion, they grew a curiosity for intellect. Certain people who were Deist believed that there was a God and that he created all life, but He was not involved in every little thing that transpired in their daily operations.
In other words, they have eliminated the supernatural and replaced it with naturalism. In reality, they have eliminated the Christian worldview and replaced it with a secular, atheistic one! The moment in time that Ham’s fingertips typed the words,“unproven natural processes,” his argument became invalid. Evolution is a highly esteemed field of science with mounds of evidence supporting it. The scientific community is finding new evidence for evolution and a natural biogenesis daily.
Emboldened by the revolution in physics commenced by Newtonian kinematics, Enlightenment thinkers argued that reason could free humankind from superstition and religious authoritarianism that had brought suffering and death to millions in religious wars. Also, the wide availability of knowledge was made possible through the production of encyclopedias, serving the Enlightenment cause of educating the human race. The age of Enlightenment is considered to have ended with the French Revolution, which had a violent aspect that discredited it in the eyes of many. Also, Immanuel Kant (1724-1804), who referred to Sapere aude! (Dare to know!)
Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God, is a Puritan sermon from the eighteenth century during the Great Awakening. During this time, Puritans had strayed from the church due to the church’s strict guidelines and regulations and begun to embrace more secular thought. Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God, was written to motivate people to join the newly refined church that embraced these secular thoughts. Jonathan Edwards uses rhetorical devices throughout his sermon to show God’s wrath on sinners and to instill the fear of God in Puritans. Jonathan Edward’s was a well respected clergyman of eighteenth century New England.
The Second Great Awakening’s Impact on Abolitionism in the North The Second Great Awakening during the late 18th and 19th centuries sparked many reform movements in the United States. The new enlightenment age fostered scientific thought that often challenged traditional Christian practices. Principles of “Deism” and “Unitarianism” were religious philosophies that focused on free will, reason, and science. Thus, less literal biblical interpretations began to arise during this period. These new behaviors worried many preachers, so they began to reform the church in a way that promoted good works and change for the benefit of society.
The 20th century human carnage occurred based on a prescribed script of political ideologies replacing the Bible and trying to create an artificial utopia. From Stain and Hitler to Obama and the European Union Commissioner 's, the names, faces and eras alter, but the utopic beliefs remain static. Moreover, the underlying similarities behind all these attempts to socially engineer societies meant the removal of Christ as a higher authority. Not without coincidence, the same people that staffed the concentration camps and Gulags of yesteryear and many of the social justice warriors of today (Femen and the secular humanists) replicate and share the same characteristics of atheism. Additionally, the identity politics of today mirrors that of the
The scientific revolution of the seventeenth century obsolete old systems of thinking, and allowed new ones to emerge. The teachings of the church and Bible were suddenly found lacking after the scientific developments. It became necessary and possible enough for philosophes (Enlightenment thinkers) to begin applying the new scientific methods - where empirical observation was first applied to the physical universe – and to study about humanism. The Enlightenment philosophers think they still owed to Renaissance humanists, but they believed they were undergoing a radical change from past thought. Roy Porter, a historian, has argued that what in effect happened during the Enlightenment was that the overreaching Christian myths were replaced
From the 18th century, science has challenged and rejected many traditional ideas of God. Democracy today has allowed us to create our own ideas of God. German theologian Karl Rahner used the wintry as a metaphor to show faith today. In his metaphor, fruits and leaves that grew when Christianity was dominant have fallen away. Rahner began his thinking of God by focusing on human beings, our questioning nature and our drive for truth.