Well first off is the timing. If the incorrect information is presented after the original information it is more likely to be accessible in your memory. Abling it to be much more easier to retrieve, “effectively blocking the retrieval of the original, correct information.”(“what is misinformation effect”) Another thing that can make it more likely to happen is talking to other witnesses about it. This can distort or change small details of the original memory. The reports given by other witnesses might conflict with your memory.
Wallace argues that actual thinking and education involves gaining a conscious awareness, often that those around us are in reality just as important as we are. So while people are more likely to attribute behavior to another’s personality, especially if it’s negative, this is far from accurate. This is a big piece to Gilbert’s model if people do not use controlled think or thinking that is effortful, conscious, and intentional (textbook, p.65) to see someone’s situational attribution they are misinterpreting information. This occurs automatically and even involuntary, which is why Wallace referred to it as a default setting. However, even if initially people are making attributions to someone’s internal state, they can change this way of thinking and recognize outside situations.
Fifty were asked the speed of the car when it was smashed, another fifty were asked the speed of the car when it was hit, and the other fifty were asked no question regarding speed. A week later, subjects were required to answer a question about broken glass in relation to after the accident. The data collected showed that implementing the verb “smashed” into the question “about how fast were the cars going when they had ‘smashed’ each other” provided a higher probability for subjects to believe they had seen broken glass within the film in regards to other verb tenses. For example, “smashed” in an accident usually means broken glass; which provides the reasoning as to why participants believed broken glass was present. This finding provided that if students are questioned within a more complexed verb, then the answer provided will enact a more severe
The “General Lee” got 35,000 fan letters each months asking for pictures of the car. The car received more fan letters than the stars John Schneider and Tom Wopat received. John Schneider lied about his age when he auditioned for the part on the show. He was only 18 years old and came dressed like a redneck for the audition. The famous “hood slide” was an accident.
Drink, Drive, Die In the United States, almost thirty deaths occur daily due to a drunk driving accident; equaling one death every 51 minutes("Impaired Driving"). If drunk drivers were arrested on their first offense, this number could be reduced significantly. Drivers that were involved in crashes that resulted in death were six times more likely to have a prior conviction for driving under the influence than other drivers with no alcohol in their system("Impaired Driving"). Drunk drivers should be imprisoned on their first offense. In 2013, thirty one percent of all traffic-related deaths in the U.S. were caused by drunk driving.
Top-down processing must be used, which takes more effort to use. Once the change is found, it can be hard to see anything else. Change blindness relates to consciousness because it is based on what a person is aware of. A lack of blindness, which based on the definition - awareness of something - can be translated to a lack of consciousness. A person's consciousness is what a person notices, so small details, like change, may not be part of a person's
Reconstructive memory is crucial to an understanding of the reliability of eyewitness testimonies as the recall of those testimonies can be subject to personal interpretation values, and the way one makes sense of the world. For instance, many people may believe that storing information is like recording and remembering is like playing back what was recorded. However, memory does not work this way. In actuality, we do not store information exactly as it is given to us; rather, people extract from information the general meaning. We make sense of information by trying to fit it into schemas (which are a way of organizing information).
memories the method can be used in psychological institutions, to help those whom are traumatized to stifle the memory and prevent it from affecting their future behaviors. Additionally, a better grasp of how memory, is encoded or lost will provide better aid to those with disabilities linked with memory. Flashbulb memories are defined as memories of emotionally significant events that people usually remember with more vivid details and accuracy than normal events (King, 2013). Psychologists Lanciano, Curci, and Semin (2010) conducted two studies investigating the accuracy and the amount of details remember of flashbulb memories, in which they determined those placed under stressful and highly emotional conditions do in fact recall the event
On the plus side, other parts of your brain, like the ones you are using to read this are getting stronger.” This shows that unless the reader knew this previously, he or she might never have realized brain pruning was occurring. Differences between embarrassment and brain pruning can be demonstrated because embarrassment is consciously triggered, while brain pruning is
In America, for every fifty one minutes, someone is killed in a tragic drunk driving accident. That almost equates to twenty seven people every single day. Statistics by FBI states that in the year 2011 alone over 1.2 million drivers were arrested for driving under the influence of alcohol or narcotics. Also over 3,952 drivers have been tested positive for drug involvement after they had encountered an accident and escaped with deathly injuries. An even more shocking fact has been put forward by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) which stated that on an average, two in three people will be involved in a drunk driving crash in their lifetime.
More than 3,000 teens die each year in Canada in crashes caused by texting while driving In 2012 driver distraction was the cause of 18 percent of all fatal crashes Text messaging creates a crash risk 23 times worse than driving while not distracted. the statistics above are from: http://distracteddriving.caa.ca/education/
“In 2013, there were a total of 30,057 fatal crashes in the United States that involved 44,574 drivers. As a result of those fatal crashes, almost 32,719 people were killed.” Almost half of distracted driving crashes are rear end crashes which then results in hitting more cars and making those cars go out of control ending in either hitting innocent people or more cars. There are many things the Federal government and the states are doing to prevent this thing from happening. Such as “many states are banning texting while driving, or using graduated driver licensing systems for teen drivers, to help raise awareness about the dangers of distracted driving and to keep it from occurring.” Also on “September 30, the President issued an executive order prohibiting Federal Employees from texting while driving on Government business or with Government equipment.” I feel as though the government should do some more to prevent teens from using cell phones while driving. It’s not just texting but messing with music, talking on the phone, or even talking to Siri can end in some innocent person getting hurt, all because someone wasn 't paying attention to the road for a split
“Mirror neurons” contribute to the brain’s acquisition of complex motor skills through observation, which provides some recorded brain activity as well as impersonations which produced a more powerful ignition of neurons. The intermission between witnessing an activity and impersonating it provided discovery into the “prefrontal 46” being activated as well, this area of the brain is linked to “motor planning and working memory.” Evidence points to the connection between “mirror neurons” and “observation based learning” of complex “cognitive skills.” It is considered that human interaction started with “facial and hand gestures,” implying that “mirror neurons” largely contributed to the development of language. Consequently, the ease in which humans can unite and comprehend one another nonverbally could be contributed to “mirror
Are these observed racial differences in opinion related to actual racial differences in contact with the police? This question is addressed the next section. Direct contact with the police Respondents were asked how many times they had been stopped and questioned by the police while driving in a car or walking or standing in a public space in the past two years. The results suggest that a third of the black respondents (34%) have been stopped by the police in the past two years, compared to 28% of whites and 22% of Chinese respondents. Blacks are especially likely to experience multiple police stops.
The book has multiple chapters that focus on something that I am focusing on and that is our memory and mind. There is a chapter that mainly focuses on Memory, I feel that I could benefit the most from that one specific chapter. This source contributes more on the psychological side of why we are affected by technology. This is my one resource that challenges ideas instead of actually talking about actual facts. Carr talks not only how it is affecting us but also some ways to stop ourselves from actually becoming too immersed in our technology.