During her first session of Parliament in 1559, she called for the passage of the Act of Supremacy. The act re-established the Church of England, and the Act of Uniformity, which created a common prayer book. Elizabeth approached the divisive religious conflict in her country. "There is one Jesus Christ," she once said. "The rest is a dispute over trifles.
For examples, one of the biggest changes was religion. Back then, there were many disputes about the Catholic teachings. The two prominent religious figures, who completely impacted the way people view religion, were a German monk named Martin Luther, and a Frenchman named John Calvin. Their understandings of true faith and predestination caused many people to find flaws in the catholic doctrines, which later formed a group called the protestants. As conflicts between the catholics and the protestants became more violent, it affected the English economy.
The spread of Calvinism was a challenge to the Roman Catholic Church which led to many wars across Europe. John Calvin also inspired John Knox who was a Calvinist, John Knox returned to Scotland with great ideas which led to him setting up the Presbyterian Church and overthrowing the Catholic Queen. This summarizes how John Calvin had a great impact on the Reformation period religiously. In the Renaissance there were many great impacts, such as Johannes Gutenberg and his printing press, the Medici family, or
The events which happened prior to the rise of conservatism are important factors that need to be determined because such factors contributed to the rise of the ideology. For one, several issues on immorality ignited conservatism. The conservative upsurge includes a large group of fundamentalist Christians who believe that the Bible is the direct word of God (American History). They were particularly concerned about the increasing crime and sexual immorality rates (American History). Another issue which gave rise to conservatism is abortion (American History).
In my opinion the civil war that took place in 1642 was caused by many different things. One major aspect of this war was King Charles I and the MPs in parliaments rivalry. Firstly Charles marries a catholic,Charles was a protestant and at that time there was a lot of rivalry between the Catholics and the Protestants. This must have had an influence on some of the MPs in parliament as most of them were Protestants. Due to this the MPs must have started doubting Charles authority as ruler from the beginning.
Philip II was angry at Elizabeth because she refused to marry him and she beheaded Mary Queen of Scots (his wife and Elizabeth’s half-sister). Philip wanted to marry Elizabeth because it would increase his power. For those reasons, and more, England and Spain went to war. The English prepared well for this war as it determined their future. The English had almost half of the ships the Spanish had, although, they had skillful tactics.
Accordingly, she transformed Russia’s traditional Code of Laws and adopted “The Instruction,” which caused a stir all over Europe because of its sophisticated nature. The Instruction proposed a system providing equal protection under the law for every individual and protection of criminal activities contrary to harsh punishment for committed crimes. As a result, she continued the enlightenment reforms and further increasing central control of the Russian states. Moreover, her reign saw the emergence of Russia as a modern state both politically and
Elizabeth the I, Mary's half-sister, was forced to help Mary with the restoration of Catholic faith in England. But Elizabeth was, in secret, guilty of plotting and making connections with the protestants to gain the throne, restore her sister's government and bring Protestantism back to
Catholic Ireland was ruled by Great Britain for a considerable portion of its history, from the twelfth century to 1920. During that time, there were numerous revolts by the Catholics against their Protestant landlords. The historic province of Ulster, a stronghold of Gaelic culture in the north of Ireland, successfully resisted British encroachments until the Plantation of 1609. Darby, 1976 argued that the earlier waves of colonisation had supplanted the Irish gentry with Protestant British landlords, leaving the bulk of the population Catholic and Irish. The settlement of Ulster in 1609, by contrast, was massive in scale and resulted in the intrusion of a Protestant culture that was completely alien to its Catholic inhabitants.
She found herself in a hard position whether to kill Mary or not since a series of negative events could occur including Catholics hating Queen Elizabeth even more for killing a Catholic. The reasons Mary was a problem is because she wanted to take over the throne as the new queen and rule England. Queen Elizabeth managed to deal with the problem by putting her in a dungeon Elizabeth had a belief that if someone was a Catholic and practiced their beliefs privately and represented no threat to the queen, then she was willing to tolerate their religion. If the Catholics were respectful to the queen, then Elizabeth could see no reason why they should not be tolerated. Mary, Queen of Scots, threatened this rule.
Another cause of the revolt was that Ferdinand started to close down some Protestant churches(McKay et al. 562). The Bohemians soon got rid of Ferdinand as king and replaced him with Frederick V (Sturmberger). All of this conflict built up until fighting broke out, and this fighting lead to what is now known today as the Thirty Years ' War ("Ferdinand II
Throughout history, religion has played an important role in the lives of the English settlers; many people believed in different religions, and this has caused problems within the New World colonies. Religion was strictly enforced, and punished according to your beliefs. When the English settlers decided to set sail to find refuge from the religious restriction, they were hopeful for a new life. People did not want to stay somewhere where they did not believe in the religion that was practiced, for it was punishable by death.
Prior to 1550, the European continent was dominated by Catholicism and had been for centuries. However, Protestantism first introduced by Martin Luther had begun to make inroads in the Holy Roman Empire and Nordic countries. Despite the growing popularity of these new religions, the majority of monarchs saw religious diversity as a weakness. Instead, most rulers pursued Religious uniformity to ensure political stability and strength. Examples of monarchs attempting to achieve religious university abound from Charles V in the Holy Roman Empire and Spain, to Rome, and to England.
European countries in the late 1500’s were typically split between Protestantism and Catholicism due to the Protestant Reformation in session. Philip II of Spain was a strong, dominant Catholic leader in the late 15th century. He wished to see England stay Catholic as it was with the old Queen, Queen Mary (Bloody Mary) who was a harsh Catholic leader. But Elizabeth was Protestant unlike her sister Mary, she converted them to a non-strict form of Protestantism.
I have found a television show that outshines all others. Reign is a show that has kept my attention whenever I have free time. It is loosely based on actual events in the 1500s. It shows how female power was viewed and the role in which women were forced to play in the time-period. It also has a love story that shows how imperfect relationships can be.