During the year of 313 CE, Constantine met his contender Licinius at Milan to negotiate on the policies associated to the Christian community. The rationality that lied behind the agreement was to eliminate the persecutions that were being faced by the Christians since long ago and to abolish the strict practices against them . Thus, the agreement allowed the religious freedom to all religious, slightly favoring Christianity. The Edict of Milan was indeed a milestone in legitimizing Christianity as official religion of the state in the years to come. At the time of agreement Constantine was still a pagan but he did not reduce his efforts to popularize Christianity.
The basic demand of the edict was that all Roman citizens were to give sacrifices to the gods for the safety of both the emperor and empire. The motive behind Decius’ edict is rather unclear and debated to this day (Novak 121). Nathan described the edict as a wide scale attack on the growing Christian religion as a part of is conservatism. Two of the possible motives in Nathan’s understanding was the religions growth or because of a grudge against Philip. Philip was secretly a Christian which may have influenced Decius’ negative feelings toward Christianity.
From ancient times different societies have worshiped gods, believing in their power and being afraid of their fury. People have prayed and made sacrifices in order to achieve the gods’ mercy and generosity to the main gods and goddesses of both ancient Greek and Roman societies. While both cultures have difference they also have a lot of similarities that make their cultures appeared alike. There are a lot similarities between the Greeks and Roman gods, Roman religion was based on Greek religion. Greek mythology was founded just about a millennium before the Roman came to be.
Quickly, Sinon states, “it now is right for me to break the holy / oath of my loyalty and right for me / to hate the Greeks, to bring all things to light, / whatever they conceal” (II, 220-223). Sinon’s logical explanation for going against his country makes sense when his army picked him to be sacrificed to the gods. To close out his argument, Sinon explains the causes of harming or caring for the Trojan horse. Sinon carefully states, “… For if your hand should harm Minerva’s gift / then vast destruction… / would fall on Priam’s kingdom … / but if it climbed by your hands into Troy / … Asia would repel the Greeks, … / this is the doom that waits for our descendants” (II, 268-275). Sinon’s last statement triggers the Trojan’s to bring the horse inside the gates of Troy to bring doom upon Greece.
They believe that God is omniscient, omnipresent, and omnipotent, which gives him a massive amount of power, unimaginable to mortals. He commands respect and worship like the Greek gods, although he is gracious and loving. In comparison, the Greek gods seem cold because the humans are merely there for their amusement. From the beginning of time, God says, “Let us create mankind in our image, in our likeness”, which means that we have the ability to choose (Genesis 1:26). Since he gave us the freewill to make our own decisions, we are able to choose to worship him or ignore him.
Proteus was described as a seer who served Poseidon, so his prophetic power was useful in helping one find their way home. After finding Proteus, Menelaus was not allowed to sail home due to not respecting the gods. Proteus says, “How wrong you were! ...You should have offered Zeus and the other gods a handsome sacrifice, then embarked, if you had hoped for a rapid journey home across the wine-dark sea" (Homer, Odyssey, IV.529-532). By not paying his respects to the gods before going off to war, Menelaus had his voyage prolonged as a result.
Throughout The Aeneid the fact that Aeneas and his men were expected to follow the will of the gods was constantly mentioned. When they strayed from the path the gods wanted for them; like Aeneas marrying foreign queen Dido; they were “brought back to the task” . To a Roman, they felt that the gods had given them the task of “ruling the world, and establishing peace as well as sparing the humble, and lastly, to conquer the proud” . Queen Dido was a Carthaginian, and therefore the gods didn’t want Aeneas to get distracted from fulfilling his destiny. Enemies, like the Carthaginians, were seen as an obstacle that needed to be
Alizade Nigar Lecture – A “The Roman Empire’s persecution of Christianity was inevitable.” To what extent do you agree with this statement? Throughout the history Romans thought of themselves very religious people and attributed their world power to their good relations with Gods. Conquering an area, then bringing its gods to Rome, the “temple of the whole world,” was an ordinary Roman practice. However, when Christianity emerged similarly what historians call “popular religious,” religious groups with broad and wide appeal. According to our historical knowledge, although during the rise of Christianity the Imperial Cult did not dismantle or even discourage this religion, after oberserving the hegemony of Christianity over
A theme in both the epic and the film is: if one is respectful to the gods he will be helped, but if one is disrespectful he will be punished. The first example of help is shown in the poem through Odysseus’ rescue from Calypso’s island. Odysseus was stuck on the island against his will and wanted to get back home. (Homer 1.56-57) The Greek pantheon decided to help him because they remembered Odysseus’ sacrifices, Athena told Zeus, “ Did not Odysseus offer you delightful sacrifices?”(1.62-63) Zeus responds by agreeing to rescue Odysseus. This situation shows how the Greeks believed that sacrificing and being respectful of the gods could help get a person out of a tight spot.
Through his suffering, Odysseus is recognizing the power the deathless gods possess and his need for their support, showcasing a newfound humility. Odysseus’ reverence to the gods is shown again after the suitors families and the town learns of Odysseus’ homicide, they come after the royal family. Athena and Zeus come to Ithaca, ordering a peace. Homer describes the event and Odysseus’ reaction, “So she commanded. He obeyed her, glad at heart."