As demonstrated by Wright in Black Boy, the oppression by the white population is exacerbated by oppressive religious practices within households. Wright’s memoir, Black Boy, is a phenomenal commentary on the negative aspects of the Jim Crow South and the Black Community at that. He especially criticizes religion, and how it can be used to threaten and contain its followers. Even today this can be the case, and id does not end at religious practices: education and other social norms can be wielded as means to control its
In Chinua Achebe’s novel Things Fall Apart, Achebe, through his utilization of rhetorical questions, word choice that show the weakness and strength of the Igbo verses the European people, and the title’s symbolism to the novel as a whole, is able to illustrate the differences between the European colonialists and the Igbo society that caused their inability to communicate, which led to a state of desperation, and eventually resulted in the damage of the Igbo society. Achebe is able to emphasize how deeply the Igbo society was affected through cultural and societal transformations due to the colonization of the Europeans. In part three of the book, the main character Okonkwo and his friend, Obierika, have a conversation concerning what has happened to the land of Umofia in the time Okonkwo was gone due to him being exiled. They converse with frustration about how the European colonialists have taken over a piece of land.
Koolau the Leper In today’s time taking rights from another person is illegal and wrong; however back in 1909 it was common and apparently was a common practice. Koolau the Leper written by Jack London documents the conflict between the natives and the outsiders. London talks about the drive that Koolau had to fight for his freedom and for his fellow lepers. Koolau could be considered an outlaw or a rebel for fighting for his freedom, however I considered him a hero. London expresses how the white men also known as haole came to Kanaka with false pretenses to take over the land.
It is often difficult for the common person to be individualistic by disregarding the social norms that are built so deep into society’s foundations. However, in the novel The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, written by Mark Twain, the author is able to effectively exploit the dangers of these normal societal ways of thinking. Throughout the novel, Huck is able to experience the immorality of society through his adventures to the South with Jim, a runaway slave, who he help sto free. Due to his terrible upbringing, many people including Widow Douglas and Judge Thatcher try to gain custody of Huck and transform him into a civilized person, but Huck is very independent and has no interest in changing or conforming. In order to escape his abusive, drunk father Huck fakes his own death, escapes, and subsequently meets up with Jim who has just run away from his owner.
As cited in sevensson, 2010, P.8). However Conrad stated that his idea behind this novel was to show how the “criminality of inefficiency and pure selfishness of tackling of the civilizing work in Africa.” (ibd, 1902. As cited in sevensson, 2010, P.5). The character description of Mr. Kurtz, Mr. Marlow and the image of native portrayed in the novel “Heart Of Darkness” gives a negative criticism towards the colonizers in general. The first image seen in the novel that shows the criticism against colonizer is when the chief of the village was hammered with a stick by one of the white men; through this picture Conrad is criticizing the attitude of colonizer’s towards natives.
3.2. Achebe’s Things Fall Apart Things Fall Apart is seen as Achebe’s response to Heart of Darkness. It is his attempt to defend Africa and to offer his own vision of it. This African masterpiece, which is a story about Nigeria during the nineteenth century, is narrated from an omnipresent perspective and can be divided into three main parts (Ogbaa 4): the first part is about introducing Okonkwo, a leader and a very strong wrestler in the Igbo tribe until he is exiled from Umuofia to Mbanta because of a terrible mistake that he makes. It also describes the traditions of his culture and of his people that are depicted as civilized people, living in a perfect harmony.
Actually post-colonial criticism is the way of cultural criticism. Post-colonial criticism always criticizes the cultural value, have views and analyze the art and texts which was written by the people who were living under the racism and colonial power by Europe. Basically colonialism is a west practice in Africa and Asia. Post-colonialism shows the effects of colonialism in Africa and other colonized countries. Edward Said is one of the great philosophers who concentrate on the colonization of 3rd world by
The prejudices made by the Europeans are evident throughout Conrad’s novel, however, two books have counteracted that idea and tried to prove the well developed society that exists all over Africa. Cry, the Beloved Country, by Alan Paton and Things Fall Apart, by Chinua Achebe, both focus on debunking the stereotypes of Africa. Paton and Achebe both explore the concept that Africa does have culture but are slowly losing it due to the settlement of whites. However, Paton implements the idea of white savior complex which is the idea that only whites can help the blacks regain establishment. As Conrad creates the atmosphere that Africa is seen as limited, in contrast, Paton and Achebe criticize it by... Joseph Conrad primarily perceives the westerners’ attitudes towards Africans similarly like most Europeans who believe they are higher and more developed.
The prime source of conflict in Ngugi 's work is about freeing the Kenyan man from neo-colonial oppression (Nyamndi). Subjects, such as double colonization and marginalization, are the most important elements that can be seen in postcolonial works. Thiong’o experienced first hand the unjust system of Kenyan law. The play caused tension between himself and the Kenyan Government (Van Der Smit 27). This led Ngugi to flee the country after being imprisoned for some time.
“Decolonising the Mind: the Politics of Language in African Literature”, written by the Kenyan writer and post colonist theorist, presents the personal testimony of an author who has fought a long battle of his own to undo the colonization of his mind. Decolonising the Mind can be called as Ngugi’s contribution to the debate on the choice of language in a post-colonial country. In this book he argues that Africa will be able to break free from the clutches of Western control over its resources and culture only when the use of European languages is replaced by native languages. At the same time the book presents a historical analysis of imperialism and underdevelopment; and of the use of language as an instrument of subversion of personal