In a similar fashion, what is emphasized here as Greene’s existential bias, may be regarded by some as religious bias. Religion is not simply a detached observation of rituals for its own sake. Rather it is a way of life. It always stands in need of existential verification in the lived life of man. On the other hand, through the dual need of handing it down, religion produces schools of thoughts and bodies of beliefs which lead in different directions from man’s concrete existence.
Here is where the Igbo and Christian religions differ. The Ibo believed in multiple of gods, whereas the Christians focus on one. They also disagree on the feelings towards their creator. Later into their conversation Mr. Brown says to Akunna, “You are afraid of Chukwu. In my religion Chukwu is a loving father and need not be feared by those who do his will” (Achebe 110).
People like the idea of believing in religion and a higher power because it gives people something to believe in when nothing seems to make logical sense. This is exactly the case for John in A Prayer for Owen Meany by John Irving. As stated at the very beginning of the book, Owen is the reason John believes in God, and it’s because it helps John make sense of everything that happens that doesn’t seem possible. The things Owen does and the things he knows prior to them happening are only possible if there is some higher power guiding Owen’s life. Thus, when Owen knows when his life is going to end and what he needs to do leading up to it, John can’t help but believe Owen has some sort of connection with God.
However, this book is also a deliberate rebuttal to The Outline of History by H.G. Wells who claims human life is a seamless development like animals and Christ was only a charismatic person who lived long ago. This book is apologetic for the Christian faith and serves and a defense against those who claim humans derive anywhere except through God. This book was created for the critics of the Church. Chesterton said that the critics are too close to the church to see it properly, that they were missing the big picture and only focusing on the part that affects them.
N.T. Wright’s book How God Became King discusses the key themes of the New Testament gospels and why he thinks they have been commonly misinterpreted by the church. Wright’s thesis is essentially that the creeds, which the early church developed as tangible statements of faith, oversimplify the content and the purpose of the gospels. The reality is that, by oversimplifying the gospels or by leaving out certain parts, it decreases the apparent value of the gospels. Wright’s point is that everything in the Old Testament is leading up to the ultimate climax of the New Testament, but without a proper understanding of its purpose, it has become increasingly easy to miss the point.
The Bible emphatically teaches, “For the wage of sin is death, but the gift of life is eternal life in Jesus.” (Romans 6:23) Nevertheless, God is unwilling that anyone of His people perish, but for them to come to repentance. Therefore, to nullify the power of sin death in people’s lives, God instituted the worship of blood sacrifice as a means of human redemption. Chapter 4:3-4 of Genesis placed immense gravity on worship and it should be fundamental in people’s lives. At first, God purposely used Abel’s reverent way of worshipping God as a good example to illustrate how humankind should appropriately behave before God. Later on, God sent His own Son, Jesus Christ, to model and lead humanity into an excellent kind of worship that is most pleasing and acceptable to God.
‘He wants God to intervene not at the last day, but now’ because he thinks God still hasn’t ‘done enough for him’ (TARGOFF, p. 122); so that he can redeem himself for his sins and this way be able to ‘stand’ before Him (line 3) as ‘new’ and righteous (line 4). Additionally, he refers to God as a ‘three person’d God’ (line 1), which is a reference to His tripartite nature, the Holy Trinity. There’s some debate whether Donne thought of the soul as a three-part one, or as a single one. The fact that he’s referring to God in this way could be an analogy of man’s having a divided soul (vegetable, sensible and intellectual), however, as discussed by Ramie Targoff, this notion of the ‘tripartite soul’ is not quite regular in all Donne’s works, and so his writing of God in this manner might have nothing to do with the matter (TARGOFF, p. 10). Moving on to line 5, the speaker makes an analogy by comparing himself with an ‘usurpt towne’; his heart has been captured by sin, by an enemy of God, and he’s in need of rescue.
Edwards makes the claim that typically showing too high of an affection would speak to it being false, however with love things are a little more complicated. “But will any Christian say, men ought not to love God and Jesus Christ in a high degree” (150)? Next, he looks at the effects of affections on the body (one’s actions), the way one speaks about their faith, the strength of one’s spirit, and finally on one’s knowledge of scripture. Through these, he asserts that none of these filters, so to speak, serve as a way to effectively judge one’s true faith (152-153). In the third section, Edwards turns his focus to the best ways to distinguish between true and false affections.
However, does religion not affect the zeitgeist too? Lastly, in the middle of the chapter Dawkins blames immorality and wrongdoing on God, which is a rather weak argument on its
Darwin was known for trying his best to present his scientific ideas in a way that it did not offend any believer or even in some perspectives were compatible with God. But his theory has been manipulated by both supporters and opposes of his work. Many people from a religious perspective believe that Darwin's theory undermines the fundamental beliefs that they hold, almost as an attack to their values (Dennett, 1995). Darwin's theory is that humans have evolved over time from other organisms, this is almost a slap-in-the-face for one of Christianity's core beliefs. Which is that God made us in His image when He made Adam and Eve; this means that above any other creature on the planet humanity has a special relationship with God.