Religion In The Thirty Years War

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Collins Kato 13046977
Module Code: HI4132
Module Title: Warfare And Diplomacy: Europe In The Seventeenth Century
Lecturer: Karol Mullaney-Dignam
Essay Title: To what extent was religion a major issue to the combatants’ of the Thirty Years war?

This essay will illustrate how far religion was a centre issue to this war between the Catholics (Holy Roman Empire/Habsburg Dynasty) and the Protestants (Lutherans). Even though politics and fighting for territorial independence from the Holy Roman Empire and Habsburg dynasty had a key role in causing of the Thirty Years War, the Catholic and Protestant used whatever possible to win.

In order to find out ‘to what extent was religion a major issue to the combatants of the ‘Thirty Years
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Being a Cardinal, Chief Minister, Economist and a Politician. He was so influential to the foreign policies and colonies. Becoming the chief minister of France Cardinal Richelieu was successful in the making of France a super power. Even though what sparked the war was religion, what finished it was not necessarily religion but rather: 1.Control of wealth and economics. 2. The forging of new alliances (Richelieu’s foreign policies)

Richelieu’s foreign policies; his desire to balance power on the continent was to; 1. Keep the Habsburg dynasty busy and strained, reducing their capacity of influence and power by funding Swedish military. A political move that made Louis XIII and France to become the super power as a result. 2. Appease the Huguenots earn their support not to attack or rebel against France during the chaotic thirty years war. 3. Calculating that Sweden and the other Lutheran states in return will support and fund France. Which later proved effective as the war shifted the Swedish funded France.

‘To what extent was religion a major issue to the combatants of the Thirty Years War’
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No one religion won the war, the impacts and effects were enormous; 1. Europe boarders were re-drawn (shrinking of empires, states were born and their independences were proclaimed. 2. The fall of the Habsburg Dynasty was inevitable. 3. The fall of the Holy Roman Empire was certain as a result of strained resources. 4. Diversity in religions and beliefs (the war exhausted the meaning of patriotism through religion). 5. Re-defining Modern war and advanced weaponry. (The Swedish modern warfare proved vital during The Battle of
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