However their perfect,invincible image crumbled when Protestant England, under Queen Elizabeth’s rule, rose to power in the mid 1500s. Tense relations rise as both nations strive for world conquest and to further add to the conflict, both countries had opposing religious views. Spain was completely devoted to Catholicism while England was a newly reformed Protestant regime. Failure to reach an agreement between both countries sparked the launch of the Invincible Armada. Different sources from both countries show opposing views that may be magnified with nationalistic pride.
The abuses where mostly involved with money since the church was a very wealthy organization. Still, it was a public facility and it was a easy target for the government to attack using their 'abuses' as a way to acquire lots of wealth. One of the main precursors of the Protestant Reformation was the translation of the first hand written English bible in 1380 AD by John Wycliffe. He was
An analysis of Machiavelli’s The Prince showcases the importance of war, and Shakespeare’s Henry V personifies Machiavelli’s views. Machiavelli encourages rulers to “aim at conquering and maintaining the state,” and war is the prince’s tool to use (The Prince, 66). War is justifiable but only when necessity compels the prince. Shakespeare’s King Henry epitomizes Machiavelli’s ideas. Henry manipulates the law and promotes his self-interests, asserting that he conquers France in defense of England.
During the beginning of the 17th century, France was participating in the Thirty Years’ War in order to weaken the Habsburgs as the territory they controlled was close to French boarders. France had also signed the Treaty of Barwalde in order to swing the Swedish to their side. Both the French participation in the war and the treaty had been incredibly costly and put the French treasury at risk of default. The Fronde followed as Mazarin attempted to rebuild the treasury through taxation. The state of the French economy as well as the rest of Europe was dire.
However, his actions, for better or worse, shaped the future of the land, which no English ruler had ever achieved. Some of the most brutal acts that helped build Cromwell’s bad reputation happened before he ruled as Lord Protector and yet left a mark, especially for the Irish, for many years to come. After the execution of the king, Ireland became the centre of the commonwealth’s enemies due to
King James II made the situation worse by increasing religious tension and conflict. It should be understood that the Glorious Revolution was a well orchestrated elite coup d’état where William of Orange was invited to intervene by the establishment. The Whigs were a political faction and later a party that supported a constitutional monarchy and was against absolute rule. The Tories supported Stuart kings such as James II who aligned to Catholicism. The overthrow of King James II was supported by Whigs and most Tories.
In his medieval chronicle, Chronica Majora, Matthew Paris discusses the life and times of Frederik II. Frederik II, the Holy Roman Emperor, is often considered the first modern ruler due to some of his reforms. During his reign he continually fought with the church, particularly Pope Innocent IV. Although Frederik damaged the Church through manipulation of the papacy, particularly of Innocent IV, Matthew Paris was sympathetic to him for his academic and logical approach to tyrannical rule, while the pope was power-hungry in a less sophisticated way. The most damaging thing Frederik II did the to the church was his attempt at controlling the papacy.
At the beginning of the seventeenth century central Europe was plagued by a series of unremitting of religious conflicts and which were known as the Thirty Year’s War. The main cause for this was the arrival of Jesuit priests in Germany. Their mission was to convert the vast majority of Protestants to Catholicism. They faced strong opposition, and a revolt began in Bohemia in 1618 by the Protestant Nobility against the Holy Roman Empire. This marked the start of the Thirty Years’ War.
Cromwell's time as Lord Protector changed how the Crown and Parliament interacted and worked with each other. His army laid the foundation for the Army's in England that came after. And he changed the landscape of religion in the isles, strengthening the Protestant majority and tearing down the Irish Catholics. His crusade against Charles the I and subsequent reign inspired the American colonists to go against military dictators. Though his time as a leader is remembered both negatively and positively his influence cannot be
How did the rise of Christianity and the fall of the Roman Empire lead to the rise of feudalism in Europe during the 6th century? Romulus Augustus, the last Roman emperor, was dethroned because of the lack of control he had with the empire. In his place was a German military commander known as Odoacer which forcefully brought the western Roman empire to his command. This allows for the Huns in the east and the Germanic tribes to invade (The End of the Roman Empire). This influx of power and lack of control made it apparent that a power system was needed to provide order to Western Europe.