First, animistic beliefs still played an incredibly large role in many Sub-Saharan African societies. Leaders such as Sundiata of the Mali Empire tried to keep the amount of old animistic beliefs and newer religions such as Islam the same. Traditional practices such as the Khweta Ceremony continue to this present day. The reason for this continuity is that the location for Sub-Saharan Africa causes it to become not completely isolated from the rest of the modern world, but rather just incredibly difficult to get to. Many societies inside of Sub-Saharan Africa would have no particular or compelling reason for them to switch to Christianity or Islam.
Barbara Kingsolver’s novel, The Poisonwood Bible, is about a missionary family named the Prices who move from the U.S. state of Georgia to the village of Kilanga in the Belgian Congo. For the Price women, their previous identities consisted of their relationship to their American culture; once they are in Africa, that identity is forced to shift and adapt to the African culture. Homi Bhabha’s concept of “hybridity”, is defined as the result of the interactions of colonizers and colonized. Bhabba writes that colonizing cultures cannot alter a native culture without adapting characteristics themselves. The members of the Price family come into Africa bringing their own American ideologies with the goal to educate the native people, starting with
Equiano’s narrative not only open doors to ending slavery, but also gives us some clear insight about the many struggles the slaves had endured. Equiano Olaudah, who was born in 1745, was a member of the Eboe tribe who came from a village in Essaka (Benin) which is now southeastern Nigeria, West Africa. Part of his culture, was having a mark placed on a certain part of his body, which was significant to his culture. According to Equiano, “This mark conferred on the person entitled to it, by cutting the skin across at the top of the forehead, and drawing it down to the eyebrows; and while it is in this situation applying a warm hand, and rubbing it until it shrinks up into a thick weal across the lower part of the forehead” ( Equiano p. 5-6).
We have to love one another. We also have to teach one another the right things in life. The things I just stated could be called , “each one teach one”. Most of our African Americans have to be involved in the “each on teach one” program. That would have a huge effect on today society.
Black Sacred Cosmos also, involves African Americans conversion to Christianity during the era of slavery. The Black Sacred Cosmos has shaped the African American culture during slavery and after slavery. It is the foreseeable future in the divine, Jesus Christ, which dominates the Black Sacred Cosmos. It deals with the same orthodox beliefs as Caucasian Americans, with certain theological views, as God being the anchor of their faith (Lincoln, 395 Kindle Edition). 2.
Prosperity theology: The False Hope During the 15th century, the Europeans who colonized Africa brought with them many forms of religion such as Christianity and Islam. Before the introduction of religion in Africa, other forms of spirituality existed across the entire continent. The superiority of the Europeans who colonized the continent showed in many aspects such as their language and religion. In present Ghana, Christianity is the most dominant religion followed by Islam. Religion has deeply been rooted in the nature of mankind since many centuries ago.
In the late 19th century, European tribes began to colonize Africa. They took advantage of the large amount of land and natural resources that Africa had. While they took a lot from this continent, they also attempted to bring things to it. They brought religion and attempted to convert Africans and change their core beliefs. The Europeans believed that they could change this new land to be more like Europe, because they believed Europe was the superior country.
Ideas of racial superiority originate as far back as the Middle Ages. In addition, attitudes were sanctioned and further developed among Europeans during the Renaissance and Reformation. Europeans increasingly came in contact with African cultures and people of darker skin complexion. With uneasy feelings about differing cultures and physical appearance came judgement and justification for abhorrent behavior. Religion was used a weapon to offer rationale for physical enslavement of Africans (Fredrickson, 2003).
Although many different foods were brought to each region due to the diverse people traveling there but with those people came their religion. For many of these early European explorers, the Bible was not only reliable, it was also their main reference system and those looking for answers to explain differences in ethnicity, culture, and slavery. At the beginning of the triangle trade or slave trade, African religious beliefs and practices were numerous and varied. Also, to a wide variety of polytheistic religions, a significant percentage of the continent had fallen under Islamic influences. After they were subjected to America, most slaves tried to continue to practice their beliefs and others converted to Christianity.
Finally, Imani advocates for African people to believe in themselves and their people during times of struggle and in righteousness. These seven principles focus on people of African descent coming together to build up the African culture, dispose of the negative stigma of racism, and overcome years of oppression. According to Schiele (1997), the Afrocentric paradigm posits three notions about human beings: a) Human identity is collective identity’s; b) the spiritual component of human beings is just as important and valid as the material component; and c) feelings and emotions are valid sources of