The Oxford English Dictionary, defines karma as “(in Buddhism and Hinduism) The sum of a person's actions in one of his successive states of existence, regarded as determining his fate in the next; hence, necessary fate or destiny, following as effect from cause”. Chapple argues that “this definition of karma as fate or destiny denotes something additional to the meaning of the word karma in Sanskrit” which he claims “is no more than action”. (Chapple, 1986, p. 2) Chapple’s argument is corroborated by the Bṛhadāraṇyaka Upaniṣad, “How a man turns out depends on how he acts and how he conducts himself”.
The commonalities and contradictions found in between Hinduism and Buddhism causes for the prevalence of a whole different belief system among the followers. Hinduism, which is considered as an ‘oldest religion’, portrays its doctrines and teachings in the scriptures such as the Vedas, the Puranas and some other epics known as Mahabharata, a remembered passing down stories and Ramayana, a narrative tale. However, the Bhagavad-Gita is considered as the holy book of Hinduism. The Bhagavad-Gita is a Hindu scripture, which is a part of the Mahabharata. This consists of the conversation between Arjuna and Krishna.
The opening line of the famous Buddhist teaching of Dhammapada has most often been translated in English as: “Experiences are preceded by mind, led by mind, and produced by mind.’ Discuss how this quote reveals some of the key features of the Buddhist conception of mind. In order for one to completely comprehend this quote from the buddha in the teaching of Dhammapada one has to understand the meaning of what Dhammapada truly is, Dhammapada means the eternal truth. Dhammapada is an ancient Buddhist scripture that was traditionally accredited to the buddha.
As opposed to the extreme asceticism which Jains practised, Buddha suggested an Eightfold Path commonly known as the ‘Middle Way steering between the extremes of worldliness and asceticism’, which if followed, would ultimately put an end to life’s
Hindus perceive the nearness of both male and female celestial creatures, yet they assume that an authoritative grand essentialness exists past these depictions and characterizations. The divine soul is accessible and dynamic in each and every living thing. Klostermaier had explain about Hinduism where, appreciates four novel segments of Hinduism, indigenous, Indus
Hinduism is a polytheistic religion with hundreds of millions of followers, most of whom are inhabitants of India. Many religious scholars believe Hinduism to be the oldest recorded religion in the world, as most of the original Hindu scripture is written in Sanskrit, which is the one of the oldest known forms of writing. Hinduism has no founder and is believed to be derived from many ancient religions. In fact, Hindus believe that anyone who is a devout religious follower, be they polytheists or monotheists, are also devout Hindus (Monk 21). While the Hindu faith as a whole is unstructured, there are many sects of Hinduism that are structured and follow a strict moral code.
Lucidity’s Folly In the fourteenth teaching, Krishna goes on to explain to Arjuna about “a knowledge” that, “knowing it, all the sages have reached perfection.” This is the knowledge of the three qualities of nature- lucidity, passion, and dark inertia- which inherently form when the world is created by Krishna. These three qualities bind the self to the mortal body; the ultimate goal of man is to understand and ascend above them in order to share in the infinite spirit. While lucidity may seem like a positive quality to achieve, a close reading reveals that Krishna warns Arjuna of the danger in falling to lucidity.
(Keown, Karma and Rebirth 2000) The later would believe that every event/phala (Fruit) in one’s life would be a directly influenced by karma. If Karma is a ‘law’ what makes an action good or bad? According to Buddhists a moral action is good or bad depending on intention and choice. This is further described by the roots of motivation.
But, in fact, the reaching of ‘Nirvana’, as preached by the Buddha, is possible through asceticism, which involves the rejection of all senses. Suffering pervades in the play Macbeth, but its prime source is protagonist Macbeth himself and its essential theme is expressed in the second Noble Truth:
A Comparative look at Jewish Mystics and Buddhist Mystics If mysticism is as Carmody suggests ‘a direct experience of ultimate reality’, how does the Jewish idea of what this is compare to that of the Buddhists? Although these two mystical traditions have a vastly different idea of what ultimate reality should look and feel like both employ the structural technique of re-telling of mystical narratives in order to inspire the devotion needed to reach a mystical state. According to Carmody and Carmody, ‘The Buddhist mystics regularly recapitulate the enlightenment of Gautama…they replay the realization of the Four Noble Truths or The Noble Eightfold Path…or Gautama’s victory under the bodhi tree” (Carmody,1996:69). Much like the Jewish mystics
Made even before writing, they were carried orally by rishis, before being written down by the middle of the first millennium BCE. The Vedas were written over a period of more than 800 years (Fisher, 75). The Vedas were not written by humans, rather they are Shruti texts that have been revealed to mortals. This is why they are as relevant today as they were thousands of years ago, they are thought to transcend human time (Fisher, 75). During the Vedic stage spirituality revolved around a polytheistic view, Hindus worship many different gods.
This was if you mastered all 3 you would have a perfect understanding of everything which means that you have required moksha. The religious books and texts for Hinduism are the Vedas and the Upanishads. These help with knowing your fate or helping with your religion, etc. The after life of Hinduism is attaining moksha or a perfect understanding of everything. Hinduism 's beliefs are dharma, which is religion, law, morality, justice, etc.
Buddhism has a lot more followers they have over 300 million and Judaism has like 15 million. Buddhism was found in 500 b.c. and Judaism was found in 1300 b.c. So now that you have read your essay I hope you have learned more from the religions Buddhism and Judaism. These are two very different religions and they are very old.
Buddhist schools vary on the exact nature of the path to liberation, the importance and canonicity of various teachings and scriptures, and especially their respective practices. One consistent belief held by all Buddhist schools is the lack of a creator deity. The foundations of Buddhist tradition and practice are the Three Jewels- the Buddha, the Dharma and the Sangha. Taking "refuge in the triple gem" has traditionally been a commitment to being on the Buddhist path, and in general distinguishes a Buddhist from a
They lived in an "everyone is equal" type society. Hinduism was the first religion recorded and encompasses, Yoga, meditation and prayer as part of their worship. Hinduism contains many different philosophies and viewpoints, not always consistent with each other. They believe achieving "Oneness" is a goal to be achieved by everyone in many different approaches. Like Judaism, Hinduism was considered a way of life.