This article defines what Butler in her book Judith Butler introduction gender trouble chapter one: “subjects of sex/gender/desire” wants to convey to the reader. Butler presumes that there is an already existing feminist identity known as "women.' Many feminists believe that developing a female identity is essential to creating awareness on women's political issues. Butler challenges this. She doesn't think that the idea of "woman" is a well-defined category.
For many, feminist movement is about giving women liberty, equal opportunity and control over their own destiny. C. ISLAMIC FEMINISM In many Muslim countries, the “f” word (feminism) has sparked tensions, conjuring images of domineering, family-hating woman; similar to other labels such as “Muslim” conjuring images of subjugated woman in the mind of the West. Although these stereotypes are true in a specific historical context, these may not be so when compared to a larger reality. Thus, this does not justify the hostility that follows. In fact, the term Islamic feminism becomes a global phenomenon during 1990s and is a contrast to secular
Tobin describes how Anne Hutchinson’s views on Puritan belief led to a historical controversy on the matter of religion and feminism in the early colonial establishment of Massachusetts. Anne Hutchinson drew much attention after voicing criticism to the Puritan form of religious views and believed one should focus on their primary relationship with God, rather than their lawful duties to society, “Hutchinson saw God in the spirit and in inspiration” (256). Nearly all of the Puritan minsters were appalled by Anne Hutchison’s criticism toward their teachings. Not only did the minister leaders feel Anne’s actions were out of place, but they also feared for their standing in power of the church. Tobin explains how Hutchison expressed her opinions without doubt or shame due to her sex, which led to growing feminist tension in the times that followed.
The Christian Century articles “Feminist Hermeneutics and Biblical Studies” by Phyllis Trible examines arguments made by feminist scholars about text in the bible that suggest mistreatment of women. Trible beings the article talking about the feminist movement and how they interpret and critique the bible. She states that the feminist’s argument focuses on how females were viewed unfairly and less desirable in the bible. Tribles then beings to focus on three perspectives of women in Scripture by mainly focusing on Hebrew Scriptures. She emphases a culture of patriarchy in Israel citing (Judg.
The church was practicing the same values and thought of patriarchal theology, women were excluded from leadership in the church and society. This exclusion was based on the argument “women’s exclusion from ministry are application of the general theology of male headship and female subordination” (195 sexism). Women in early Christianity have long been stereotyped with the role of procreation, house keeping, inferior mental ability, and inferior soul. For these reasons the church has perpetuate the thinking that women should listen and receive ministry rather than give it. Early interpretations of biblical texts by believers in Kyriarchal and patriarchal theology believed that the bible prohibited equal right and liberation of women.
Barbara Kingsolver sprinkled allegory and allusion to the Biblical narrative throughout The Poisonwood Bible as a way to confront the ways that society normally accepts how religion is involved in the world. However, by using female narrators we get a sense of what is seen through the eyes of a woman, as most western religions are dictated by that of the patriarchy. She also offers an ‘antidote’ to that of what she perceives as the shortfalls of Christianity, with that of
As a female Muslim (Muslimah) I became the witness of how western questioned Islam. They always ask about my right and my obligation to follow the rules of my religion. In their perspective, Islam violates my right when it comes to get my own decision. In fact, they see this point of view as the outsiders rather than the way a muslimah sees it. I honestly feel that Islam is the best religion that gives security to the woman.
This will result in women losing the right to voice their views when it comes to issues regarding marriage, sexuality, health, etc… Solutions 1. I believe, in this situation, one solution would be to create awareness about the finer aspects of religion: for instance, how it has contributed much to society in the form of hospitals, orphanages, nursing homes, and schools. Along with that religious activists must show how religion has given many people great happiness and a sense of belonging/community. This shows that religion has the potential to be a force of good, and that oppression is a religion itself and cannot be associated the core principles of every religion. Religious leaders/people, in this situation, must show the world that bringing one belief down to uplift another is not a solution, for the two beliefs must put aside their differences and work hand in hand to battle
The opposing beliefs against feminism raises question on truly what each gender is required to do and who decides these rules. While several justify antifeminist motives with religious text, several believe that we must conform to society. But it is the people themselves that collectively make a society whole; it is the people that decide what is deviant in society and what is a norm in society. Thus, the argument that feminism is a threat to American culture is rebutted by the concept of society
Schlafly feared the amendment would lead women into combat, promote gay marriage and abortions, make all bathrooms unisex, and remove legal protections of wives. She said “What I am defending is the real rights of women. A woman should have the right to be in the home as a wife and mother”. Therefore, she inspired a movement of woman who wanted to preserve a traditional family. Nowadays, Schlafly is still alive and writing books including criticism of modern politics, as well as “War on Religion” especially
That means, the autonomy is shifted to the woman. However, she does acknowledge that those who are non-feminist may interpret that feminist overrides the value of the fetus. Sherwin believes when comparing feminism to non-feminism is that they’re both relative to idea of abortion. When they’re relative, it shows that those who does not acknowledge feminism have a
Feminist witchcraft is a subgroup of Spiritual Feminism. This more extensive religious and social development, which incorporates women 's activist Christians, Jews, New Agers, and different Neopagans, became out of the political women 's activist development, despite the fact that for a long time the political women 's activists chastised the otherworldly feminists for as far as anyone knows making consideration far from political move. They didn 't simply need the flexibility to do what men had constantly done; they likewise needed the opportunity to do what ladies had constantly done, yet to see it esteemed in an unexpected way. Further, they needed to utilize not simply customary political means for coming to these finishes, yet to use the full scope of their capacities to live in new, self-acknowledged routes as woman and to offer other woman the social space to do likewise. This example of an extreme monism combined with a middle of the road or utilitarian polytheism is an example found in a few world religions (among them Buddhism and Hinduism), additionally commonplace of the option religious convention in America
She continues her piece with another appeal to logic by proving that the Bible was “wrong” on previous “issues”. Navratilova points out that the Bible “justified slavery” and denied “women the right to vote” amongst other things. She describes how she believes that fundamentalists have been on the wrong side of the past “over and over again” and that she believes that they are once again on the “wrong side”. Navratilova aims to make the reader feel as if the Bible isn’t such a reliable source to determine what can be consider right and wrong. She uses both appeals to logic to strengthen her argument and to attempt to influence the audience into believing that marriage is more of a “contract” than a religious