Puritans, Quakers, and Catholics were coming in droves to America searching for an opportunity to have religious freedom. The New Englanders took religion seriously, making unitary laws according to Puritan standards. John Winthrop, later chosen as the first Massachusetts Bay Colony governor, was seeking religious freedom. Wishing to inspire the colonists to dwell in brotherly unity, he summoned them together to remind them “that if we [colonists] shall deal falsely with our God in this work we have undertaken, and so cause Him to withdraw His present help from us, we shall be made a story and a by-word through the world.” On the other hand, those in the Chesapeake region came for the wealth that America promised. They were there to become prosperous or die trying.
Latour is contemplative, straightforward, and dignified man who is able to find peace in himself and undergo a self journey along with change. He is able to embrace change by learning how to serve the Native American and the Mexican people of New Mexico. As Latour grows thorough his personal observations and struggles, he shows how strong his faith is by doing more that just build a Cathedral, but by teaching others to grow for their survival. When he arrives to his ‘new home’ Latour is welcomed with more than open arms as his arrival is seen as a prayer by the people around. After learning that there are children to be baptized and marriages to be performed, Latour takes it as a sign that he has made the right choice going to New Mexico.
Many people turn to religion for not just spiritual answers, but for guidance and help in everyday life. Religion also affects the inner workings of a society. However, religion has evolved with time. In earlier societies, only one religion was usually allowed and accepted. In Salem Massachusetts during the Witch Trials, every citizen had to be seen as a good Christian.
In Arthur Miller’s The Crucible, the townsfolk of Salem, Massachusetts are used to illustrate the religious beliefs and morals derived from the heavily practiced Puritanism. Puritanism centralizes on the belief that God and His worshippers have formed a sacred covenant, therefore, Puritans must always serve God justly to ensure His protection. Authors throughout history have inscribed various accounts of Puritans upholding their covenants with God, which include: encouraging separation between the rich and the poor, establishing dominance over easy targets, and exiling or correcting sinners. John Winthrop delves celebrates into the accepted inequality between Puritans in A Model Of Christian Clarity, William Bradford considers the Native Americans solely as instruments of God in The History of Plymouth Plantation, and witchcraft accusations fly Cotton Mather’s description of the want to remove the devil from New England inin Cotton Mather’s The Wonders of the Invisible World. Like all ofSimilar to these authors, Arthur MMiller showsprovides, through multiple characters, insight on the length in which Puritans will go to convince themselves they are honoring their Covenant with God, even if they hurt others in the
Religion was a flourishing entity among society and politics both in Colonial America and Great Britain. It gave way to righteousness for a certain cause at that time or a way to assure leadership was valid among citizens of that particular country most commonly amid the Monarch rule over Great Britain and and later Parliament. Religion had a great power of influence over the people and the way they thought about the future of their country, in particular, Colonial America and the justification of the American Revolution against England. Regarding documents from key revolutionary figures and Sermons both hailing and denouncing the Revolution, and the ideas Americans had as religion being a rationale of their pursuits, only then can religion
The two characters, Antigone and Irena, are tragic characters who retained their authentic moral integrity and virtuous selfhood until their demise. Both fought for their freedom of expression in religion, and both had to fight the power of the government in order to achieve their goals. This lead to their ultimate demise, and their success within their respective roles is questionable because of their deaths. Antigone, the titular character of Sophocles' play Antigone, had to disobey her uncle Creon’s decree in order to please the gods and honor her brother, Polynices, who is seen as a traitor to the state. Although Antigone ultimately fulfilled her duty, she was arrested and ultimately faced a tragic death in the end.
There is a medieval theme in where religion is shown as their way of life in which it was used as a means of dictating people and taking advantage of others. With religion in the medieval sense it was a do or die situation you were penalized if you did not follow the wishes of the church. Renaissance is also a main premise in Dante’s inferno as it starts to show the breaking away from religion and focuses on the individuals and their stories. The sinners in the circles are given priority over the religious nature and given the opportunity to talk about why they are there. This makes them seem more human then sinners.
New England was driven by a strict set of religious values in the 1600s. This is made abundantly clear by Nathaniel Hawthorne in his novel, The Scarlet Letter, set in 17th century Massachusetts. At the time law and religion were virtually one and the same. The Puritans who settled the region essentially codified their rigid beliefs. Committing an act that went against this harsh moral code could result in not only prosecution, but cruel social punishment as well.
Adultery, being a sin forbidden expressly in the seventh holy commandment, was a crime that was regarded with great shame from the community, as well as the disapproval from God. It was a transgression that not only betrayed the faith of a spouse, but one that demonstrated the priority of an individual (the sinner) over another. Proctor, in his weakness, betrayed his faithfulness to his wife Elizabeth and indulged in an affair with Abigail. Proctor notified Abigail that he will not falter again, telling her “Abby, I may think of you softly from time to time. But I will cut off my hand before I‘ll ever reach for you again.
Reverend Dimmesdale suffers a greater punishment than Hester by experiencing recurring guilt, physical harm, and Chillingworth’s obsessive need to achieve revenge. As a devout Puritan minister, Dimmesdale preaches against sin. Yet, Dimmesdale contradicts his preaching and has an affair with Hester, a married woman. The novel begins with Hester standing on a scaffold for public shaming. The Puritans use Hester as an example of what will happen if one commits adultery.
A large factor for growing colonies was the desire for religious freedom. Some of the first religious dissenters to enter the Americas where the Puritans. They hoped to create a more “pure” church and be free from persecution that they experienced in England. The most famous of these groups where the Pilgrims who arrived on the Mayflower and settled in the Plymouth colony. The Plymouth colony was a success, and with this news, thousands of other Puritans relocated to the Americas.
In colonial America, written documents were one of the few primary sources of this time. All the way back to John Winthrop’s “A Model of Christian Charity’’ in the 1630’s. Winthrop’s sermon shows how the only way their colony will succeed is through God. Jonathan Edwards sermon “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” shows people how powerful God is and what he capable of doing. George Washington shows that honesty, respect, and self-discipline are all values that colonial people live off of to survive in their new environment.