Colonial life is rapidly changing and with it so are cities. Transforming into cities that make early efforts in creating a model for future colonial cities. By this I mean, a city with hospitals, police department, public libraries, fire-stations, and paved and lit streets. These features are products of a rise in urbanization and are an answer to the problems a new urban city faces. In this era a particular city with a pivotal citizen would stand out among the rest and provide some key solutions to urban problems.
Through his optimistic narrative “Delirious New York” he documents the repeated elements and themes in New York’s development and decline that make it a theatre of progress and the capital of timeless crisis. This focuses in particular on the skyscraper as a product of the physical manifestation of Manhattanism on the grid, along with the relationship between this density-focused architecture and the culture of congestion. The division into five distinct blocks, an anthology covering “Coney Island, The Skyscraper, Rockefeller Center Europeans” and an imaginary appendix, each with further component parts, the book acknowledges its union
Once reconstruction had been unraveled, Americans were eager to progress the United States and better this nation socially, politically and economically. Progressive People during this time desired to move from the original farming scenario, into more urban settings and city like areas. Some progressive people rejected social Darwinism and challenged the ideas of the Laissez-faire, and idolized the ideals of pragmatism—which is relying on human experience to define any truth—but that was just the beginning. Many of the progressivists wanted to reform the government and economic systems, due to accelerated urban growth and imbalance in economic power between the upper-class and the lower-class. Leaders like Woodrow Wilson and Theodore Roosevelt are highly associated with aiding with these political issues of progressivism.
Inside, rather than providing the order and simplicity that the modernists worshipped, Venturi’s design chose to surprise people with its contradictions. The interior design played with concepts of scale, with an oversized fireplace, and an undersized stairway which leads to nowhere. While the Vanna Venturi house is widely considered to be the first postmodern building, Robert Venturi insists he wasn’t trying to create a new movement. Maybe it was just ‘art’ and that “sometimes, rules are meant to be broken.” (Robert Venturi, wttw.com).
Equality’s tunnel resembles Plato’s cave, and the Scholars represent those still not in reality. In fact, “The Council of Scholars has said that we all know the things which exist and therefore the things which are not known by all do not exist,” a mindset parallel to those unaware of reality (52). Equality travels to the Home of Scholars, attempting to bring them into the light, yet just as those in the Plato’s Allegory, the Scholars do not believe him. It is not until after Equality escapes into the forest, however, that he leaves the cave of morality: “We remembered we are the Damned. We remembered it and laughed” he jested (80).
Response #2 Thomas Mann was quoted stating that “Speech is civilization itself. The word, even the most contradictory word, preserves contact- it is silence that isolates”. The quote is trying to illustrate the need for language to connect people together. Both Beckett and Faulkner agree that words are meaningless entities trying to express an idea. Faulkner’s beliefs go farther to demonstrate how unreliable and the separating nature of language; meanwhile Beckett would agree with the quote that even the meaningless word protects the individual from isolation, keeping them strongly planted in routine and the boredom of living.
For instance, no citizen was allowed to wish for a specific job, yet Equality pictured his life with a job as the House of the Scholars (Rand 24). He did many things, all of which were not allowed, like trying to become a scholar, creating the light bulb, and choosing to fall in love with a woman (Rand 56 and 59). Equality may have gone against every rule, but it helped him find his true identity and eventually realize that he is not a “we”, but an “I”(Rand 94). Communism causes citizens to miss out on unique talents they have and to silence their own voices. Individualism is needed to have a spontaneous and happy life, or else a person's lifestyle becomes predictable and uneventful.
The architecture of the skyscrapers built in New York City, stimulated her interest in working with vertical and horizontal lines. The urban grid of the city was reappropriated in her work as a skeleton function, through which the whole sculptural piece can stand on a foundation that can be easily elaborated or left alone, depending on Nevelson’s perception of the essence. She regularly looked at the city for ideas, because to her the city, especially New York City, served as a magnificent work of art of the twentieth century. Nevelson goes on to explain her reactions toward the city as follows, “When I look at the city from my point of view, I see New York City as a great big sculpture” I saw the Empire State Building when it was going up… Seeing those high risers, bigger and bigger and bigger… you couldn’t think of little paintings or little pieces” (112). Hence, her large
Less is Bore Modernism movement had transformed with the clear ambition of improving people’s lives, however, it was in direct conflict with the spirit of 70s. For example, modernist architects aimed to find the perfect building that could serve any person, any function, and in any location. The clean lines on architecture of modernism was basically directed to be a perfectly engineered blank canvas for life. The people of the 70s, however, viewed modernist architecture as an oppressive, one-size-fits-all solution to the richly varied complexities of life. Furthermore, characteristics of modernist (rejecting historicism and ornamentation) have pushed both designers and architect to create building and design with the exact opposite characteristics
It is now the symbol of America's strength and resiliency. Amid the busy streets and the concrete jungles, New York is a city filled with wonders. If you take a closer look, New York City is a place with a lot of surprises and these places mentioned above are just some of the beautiful spots you need to put in your itinerary when you visit the Big