The two variations of advanced spatial information, GIS and Remote Sensing go one next to the other to help in urban arranging. The utilizations of GIS in urban arranging particularly in regions of spatial displaying have enhanced complex in the previous two decades. Experts around the globe are depending broadly on the utilization of GIS in deciding suitability and directing contextual analyses of terrains. GIS has long been utilized to screen distinctive topographical components for change of nature. Technologists misuse the observing properties of GIS to follow changes of example or conduct of an area over a predetermined time.
Natural disasters can cause many problems and for that it is very important to existing measures in the current infrastructure. For example, in a case of a flood or a tsunami must be: thorough testing of all flood protection and maintenance, in order to ensure their proper functioning, design and execution of works retaining soils in forest areas the natural vegetation has been recently destroyed by fire, control and preventive cleaning of the streambeds to restore the natural flow, within urban removal of all trash, debris, trees, foliage, which are in the streets and public areas and can cause blockages in adjacent rainwater drainage wells and of course must informed the public on preventive measures and self-protection against the dangers arising from
2.2.5 History of development in GIS A GIS (geographic or geospatial information system) is a modern extension of traditional cartography with one fundamental similarity and two essential differences. The similarity lies in the fact that both a cartographic document and a GIS contain examples of a base map to which additional data can be added. The differences are that there is no limit to the amount of additional data that can be added to a GIS map and secondly the GIS uses analysis and statistics to present data in support of particular arguments which a cartographic map cannot do. Cartographic maps are often extremely simplified as there are limits to the amount of data that can be physically and meaningfully stored on a small map. There
But later on it is available for the civilian use also. GPS has become an effective tool in the field of science, commerce, surveillance and tracking. GPS is used everywhere except in locations where it is difficult to detect the signal for e.g., underwater, subterranean location, inside the building and caves. 184.108.40.206) Civilian Applications • Navigation – Used by navigators for orientation and precise velocity measurements. • Geotagging – Map overlays can be created by applying location coordinates to photographs and other kind of documents.
Geo-informatics Assignment no # 1 Name: Rana Naveed Ahmed Reg no# 125884 Class: 2k15 Section: A Date: 27/2/2017 Application of Remote Sensing in Civil Engineering In civil engineering field there are many uses of remote sensing. Remote sensing provide a good view of the sites for civil projects. There are many projects where remote sensing proves a great asset for example: Housing, Sanitation, Power, Water supply, Disposal of Sewages, Urban growth, Irrigation project design and planning, Road alignment etc. the natural disasters which cause destruction. In that regions the RS can also be used to
Review of literature Disasters are the drastic event which causes massive and overwhelming consequences resulting in the destruction to human life, economic development and resources. Disaster is of two types. They are a natural (Flood, storm, drought, earthquake, tsunami and volcanic eruption) and Man- made (terrorism, civil war, road accidents) disaster. Developing countries like India are more vulnerable for the natural disaster affecting the human health. World Health Organisation has defined disaster as”a sudden ecological phenomenon of sufficient magnitude to require external assistance”.
Assessment and monitoring of any natural Hazards like cyclone, flood, earthquake, landslide, etc. in a region are of vital importance for the enterprises responsible for disaster risk reduction (DRR) and disaster risk management (DRM). Such studies provide fixed tools that help in better infrastructure development planning, mitigation measures and also foster in developing early warning preparatory system. The paper here essentially deals with the hazards emanating from earthquakes, the contributing factors to earthquake hazard, and the source and cause of earthquake hazard within the study region. Thus earthquake is one of the natural disasters that are common around the world that cause wide spread damage and death.
When disaster strikes: Lived experiences of first responders after a mass disaster Background of the Study A disaster is an event of serious magnitude, causing rigorous damage to life and property. It can be caused by nature, such as earthquakes, floods, wildfires, hurricanes, or typhoons. It can also be man-made which can be in the form of accidents or terrorist attacks. In 2013, the Philippines was marked by major disasters such as the 7.2 magnitude earthquake in Bohol and Typhoon Yolanda which killed not only hundreds but thousands of people. Not to mention the billions of pesos in damage to property and infrastructure.
It is very well documented and includes valuable suggestions on when to use what kind of visual data representation. Our visualization software supports fast, efficient visual data discovery for real-time streaming and historical time series data and can handle databases of any size. Visual monitoring and analysis software supports effective and timely decision making. It's easy to synthesize, present and share results with colleagues and customers. These information visualization tools allow users to work productively and make better, more profitable
On the other hand, man-made disasters are influenced by humans and they are often as a result an outcome of negligence and human error among other reasons or factors. • Natural disasters: Natural disasters include things such as, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tornadoes, landslides hurricanes and floods. • Man-made disasters: These can be divided into different categories and they include technological hazards, sociological hazards and transportation hazards among