Descartes declares he has to determine if there is a God and if he does exist, whether he can be a deceiver. The reason he has to determine the existence of God and what he is, rests in his theories of ideas. This is because we do not know if there is an outside world and we can almost imagine everything, so all depends on God’s existence and if he is a deceiver. “To prove that this non-deceiving God exists, Descartes finds in his mind a few principles he regards as necessary truths which are evident by the “natural light” which is the power or cognitive faculty for clear and distinct perception.” If arguments is presented in logical trains of thought, people could not help but to be swayed and to understand those arguments. Natural light
In Descartes’ 2nd meditation, we are introduced to a new way of thinking. So far, Descartes wants to eliminate everything that is ‘known’ to him and permit that it is false. He thinks of how a child believes things when they are little, but when they grow up, find that said things are untrue. Descartes thinks that a similar situation could apply to every-day life. Perhaps what is around us is all an illusion.
We will be analyzing the work of Rene Descartes a French philosopher as well as a profound mathematician and scientist. We will be focusing on specifically, Descartes’ meditations (I, II) in which he describes to the reader his reaction in realizing how many false beliefs he held. He concluded that therefore he had to doubt anything he had depended those beliefs upon. In order to find what he knew he had to relinquish all his preconceived beliefs and start again from the foundations. It can even be pushed so far as to be read as a challenge to our very notion of rationality.
Rene Descartes was one the famous French philosopher of his era, he was also known as the father of modern philosophy. In addition, his ideas or theories are also considered to change the age of science during that era. The ideas or the phenomena’s he has presented in his writing are still considered as the stepping stone for the modern science. First of all, one of the basic ideas which Rene Descartes has presented was the idea of skepticism. According to him, through the phenomena of the skepticism, any truth can be verified by the theory of it.
In the first two of Descartes’ Meditations on First Philosophy, Descartes builds skepticism and then begins to dispel it. In the first, Descartes calls into mind three possibilities to prove our inability to trust our senses and what we fundamentally believe to be true. Descartes’ main refutation of this skepticism is known as the Cogito. The Cogito claims that since Descartes’ thinks, he must at a minimum exist as a thinking thing. In the remainder of Meditations, the Cogito serves as the fundamental premise for Descartes’ proofs for the existence of God and of body.
By using simple experiences like these Descartes is able to emphasize that when a person is dreaming, they do not usually know they are dreaming, and the sensations they experience are as real as if they were awake. However, they are not actually happening to the dreaming person in the formal reality. This understanding leads us to believe our senses can deceive us any time and that we can not rely on them to question the reality of something. As for finding an objective truth, that is stable and likely to last, upon which he can base his philosophy (Descartes 144), Descartes must refute all experiences that have a basis in the bodily
Perhaps one of the most prominent figures in seventeenth century philosophy, Rene Descartes is still known for his great contributions to the philosophical branch of epistemology. His renowned book, Meditations on First Philosophy was first published in 1641. Divided into six different meditations, each meditation in the book addresses a specific epistemological issue. In the First Meditation, Descartes calls into doubt all of his previous beliefs and all he considered to be legitimate knowledge. He does so, however, with the intent of learning what is true, so he can separate real knowledge from falsehoods.
Descartes argues for skepticism in his Meditations, but I don’t think it is successful because it seems rational to conclude that although Descartes’ arguments are strong and logical, they aren’t sturdy enough to produce the necessary level of doubt. I believe that individuals can believe in their senses if we practice caution, that individuals can distinguish between a dream and reality, and that Descartes’ skepticism undermines itself. Exposition The First Meditation begins with the meditator, Rene Descartes, considering the amount of untrue beliefs throughout his life and the incorrect body of knowledge that followed. As a result, he is determined to remove all that he thinks he knows and is resolved to rebuild his body of knowledge on a more certain foundation. He proceeds by sitting alone near a fire so that he could carefully inspect his previous opinions.
People hold many erroneous beliefs and accept them without doubts. In his Meditations on First Philosophy Descartes, who does not want deceived, writes “I was convinced of the necessity [...] to rid myself of all the opinions I had adopted” to build a new solid foundation of beliefs that he could be certain of, so as not to build up his entire existence on entirely false premises. QUESTION 2. What prevents us from trusting our senses? We receive most of our information about the world through senses and consider it to be mostly reliable.
He was searching for something that can’t be denied or doubted which lead him to our existence. In Descartes words “Cogito, ergo som,” which translates to, I think therefore I am, we cannot doubt our existence because we are the thoughts of our life, we are the mind behind our ideas. Descartes quickly questioned his existence, but he came to one conclusion that leads him to believe he may be in existence. The first question Descartes asked himself was what is he? He is a man with “a face, hands, arms and all the other equipment… I [Descartes] move myself around, sense and think -- which I trace back to my soul (pg.160 Bartaman).” One’s soul is the life of there existence, a body with a soul has to be in existence.