Introduction Rene Descartes was a seventeenth French philosopher who is considered as a father of modern philosophy. He is famous because of the idea or the phrase “I think, therefore I am.” and he was also known for being a rationalist that go against Scholastic-Aristotelian philosophy. He was dissatisfied with the philosophy of his time which was dominated by Scholastic-Aristotelian philosophers. Descartes thought that their philosophy does not support mechanistic science and are too rigid. He believes in the power of human logic where nothing could do a good job better than our most certain believes are.
As specified prior, Descartes was a scholar who wanted to think in solitude. Furthermore, by making his I think, in this way I am the internal middle of his perspective, he made a model of self-reflection that affected the sum of cutting edge European philosophy significantly. A lot of what later thinkers overemphasized
We see many philosophers base their beliefs on something specific however Descartes philosophy comes from extreme scepticism also known as nihilism. He begins his philosophy by having disbelief in the true existence of anything at all. Descartes main aim was to attain certainty. He had a desire to be certain about the things that truly exist and those that do not. He believed that once he could be truly certain of one thing that he could re-build the world from there for the better.
“Cogito ergo sum,” or in layman 's terms, “I think therefore I am.” This statement is possibly one of the most famous latin quotes of all times, said by René Descartes himself. Descartes was one the great french philosophers, mathematicians and scientists in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries. Outlandish to some and inventive to others, his theories shaped the way we view psychology today and set him apart from other philosophers and scientists at that time. Maybe an oddity to us humans now, but at the time his work was revolutionary and extraordinary. Descartes was an exceptional man, who wrote many engaging and thought provoking books.
Rene Descartes and Francis Bacon were both the children of modern thought and modern science. They tried to revolutionize the old scholastic way of thought and learning. Descartes was considered the first modern philosopher and Cartesian philosophy won many followers in the 17th century. Bacon, too, was highly influential and his theories on the organization of the sciences had a great effect on the sciences in his time and into the future. So Both Descartes and Bacon had great roles in the Scientific Revolution.
For instance, the idea of fruit may get its reality from the idea of a plant. However, he argues that there cannot be an infinite regress of such ideas. There has to be a sort of first cause. In his third meditation, Descartes says this cause must be a sort of archetype, which contains all the reality and perfection representatively contained in that idea (12).The idea of God, as an ultimately perfect being, must have been placed in his mind by someone else. Therefore, Descartes is now sure that he is not alone in this
The seventeenth-century French philosopher René Descartes is considered by many to be the founding father of modern philosophy. The seventeenth-century marked a turning point in history, Europeans began to explore the world by sea in search of new trade routes and moved away from the traditional Catholic Church to focus on scientific discoveries. One of Descartes most famous pieces of work was the Meditations on the First Philosophy, published in 1641. The Meditation on the First philosophy, which comprises of six meditations, is essentially summarizing a collection of thoughts Descartes had previously written about in his earlier text, the Discourse on Method. In the first meditation, Descartes notices that over the course of his life, he
Through most of the middle ages, philosophy had been dominated by religious assumptions, now the scientific explanation of the world; the seventeenth century was a transitional age. New scientific approaches appeared to be in conflict with the traditional religious world. Descartes is was recognized to be a provisional skeptic, thus he declared that he would not accept anything as true unless it was to be demonstrated beyond doubt, as a result he began to adopt a program of systematic doubt. He emerges with the conviction wherein the self is what exists. Known for his famous saying “cogito ergo sum”, I think therefore, I am.
The question of body-mind dualism has been debated throughout the centuries by many philosophers as Plato, Aristotle, Aquinas and many others. Among them, Descartes could be designated as representing a modern viewpoint about this controversial subject. Disapproving the Skeptics who doubt, or at least try to undermine all the bases for knowledge, Descartes tries to find a certain and absolute knowledge. Very known for his famous Latin quote “Cogito ergo sum” (“I think, therefore I am”), Descartes tries to establish the distinction between the soul (the mind) and the body. This dualism takes root in the fact that these two entities do contrast and differ in their inner nature.
He also argues that men and women are equal and any inequality that exists is not natural but a social construct. Since men and women are equal morally and intellectually, women should not be placed in an inferior position to men. The arguments of Mill’s are still relevant because women still suffer humiliations from the society. In Western Europe and North America, women have made tremendous progress in the fight for equality with men, but that is not the case in many parts of Africa and Asia. In Saudi Arabia, for example, women cannot drive or move freely without accompaniment of a male relative as a chaperon.