“I think, Therefore I am” This quote by Descartes prove that the person exists by his ability of thinking. Descartes prove the existing of human being through doubting and thinking and he explains his claim by stating that when the person doubt his existence or think about his existence then he exists.  Moreover, Descartes imposes an ontological argument to prove gods existence which states that: god is a perfect being and since it is more perfect to exist than not this implies that god exists.  He also introduce another more complex argument for god existence which differ between two types of reality.
Then we look at the second argument of Aquinas, The Argument of Causation- everything that is caused has to be caused by something else, there cannot be an infinite number of causes, and same as argument number one that must mean there is a God since all effects have causes. The Argument from Contingency asks if everything already exists contingently has a reason to do so, does the universe exists for a reason and if the universe has a reason for its existence that that reason must be God. The Aquinas fourth argument the Argument from Degrees Aquinas says in order to compare two things in the terms of good or bad, we must have something to compare it to, this would have to be an absolutely perfect thing aka God. Aquinas’ fifth and final argument is The Teleological Argument-
Saint Anselm delivered the strongest ontological argument for God through conceptual analysis. The ontological argument is a deductive argument that is an analytical statement that can be constructed by definition(s). He argues that one thing is necessary to exist, and that thing is God. God is a necessary being. His argument is known as reductio ad absurdum, which demonstrates through a contradiction that God exists.
In Saint Thomas Aquinas argument the second way, Aquinas argues for the existence of God, making use of efficient causes and premises to help us conclude that God exists. In the following words I would argue that Saint Thomas Aquinas’s argument formulated in the second way leads to a valid argument, which concludes that there must be a first cause and that God exists. Aquinas second way is an argument that God is the first cause and he is essential to everything on earth because nothing would have the power to fuel its self without the intermediate cause which is God. An example is a painter using a paintbrush to paint as he moves his hand, paint is applied on the wall but if he stops, the paint would not fly from the brush to the wall, stopping
Defining the boundaries of where these sciences take authority is definitely a limitation. Regarding this, bias is another limitation that this model has to deal with. In regards to this, bias can be implemented when someone favors one of the two sciences over the other in a way that creates an unbalance. The Allies model does not serve either science, but rather, it serves God and God alone. In that, God has created both sciences and hold them in an equal stance.
However, Descartes is indeed certain of the fact that he is a thinking being, and that he exists. As a result of this argument, Descartes makes a conclusion that the things he perceives clearly and distinctly cannot be false, and are therefore true (Blanchette). This clear and distinct perception is an important component to the argument that Descartes makes in his fifth meditation for the existence of God. This paper explains Descartes ' proof of God 's existence from Descartes ' fifth meditation, Pierre Gassendi 's objection to this proof, and then offers the paper 's author 's opinion on both the proof and objection.
1.3 Is the suffering good? Normally, suffering is considered as bad in the sense that if there is no suffering, the human life be better than the present situation. So suffering in human life, in itself gives a negative connation, because sufferings are evil in itself. And no one really and voluntarily accepts suffering.
Descartes’ Meditations begin by the Meditator neglecting the existence of all material things and questioning his own existence. These metaphysical questions are aimed to establish a basis from which the Meditator, Descartes, may then build a basis for a clear conception of not only his own existence but also the existence of matter or material things. This then follows into Descartes description to the interaction of mind and matter. Descartes’ distinction of mind and matter begins in the Meditation II. Descartes’ “cogito” is the first distinction of mind from matter.
The Catholic faith tradition believes, as it has since the early Church, that God is the ultimate happiness of human beings. Resultingly, our purpose is to reach the beatific vision of God, seeing God as he truly is, which is the source of perfect happiness. Saint Thomas Aquinas was concerned with fitting this teaching of the Church into his sweeping theological and philosophical system of scholasticism. In his Summa Theologica, he defends the idea that vision of God is our sole and supreme end, or purpose, and he clarifies several objections and confusions about the belief. Additionally, Aquinas connects that belief with another one of his arguments in the Summa Theologica: our inability to know the “essence” of God by natural reason, instead
Then we look at the second argument of Aquinas, The Argument of Causation- everything that is caused has to be caused by something else, there cannot be an infinite number of causes, and same as argument number one that must mean there is a God since all effects have causes. The Argument from Contingency asks if everything already exists contingently has a reason to do so, does the universe exists for a reason and if the universe has a reason for its existence that that reason must be God. Aquinas’ fourth argument is the Argument from Degrees Aquinas says in order to compare two things in terms of good or bad, we must have something to compare it to, this would have to be an absolutely perfect thing aka God. Aquinas’ fifth and final argument is The Teleological Argument-
This is one of the reasons why the Meditator was successful at proving God’s existence, considering that the Meditator would forge the pillars by his intellectual examination, until the Meditator would attain a clear and distinct idea of God. Moreover, the Meditator concludes that God does exist, because the idea of a perfect God was already inside the Meditator’s mind, which confirmed the concept of a perfect God as an innate idea that was left by God, so that the Meditator may remember the idea that was left behind. That is why I believe that Descartes succeeded in proving that God exists, taking into consideration that Descartes would not stray of the path that was based on pure logic, which is no easy task for any human being. Not only that, Descartes could not rely on the senses, because the senses do not provide enough information of the topic that he was discussing about, and the imagination would not have a correlation of the idea itself. Therefore, one could obtain numerous answers from the material world and the imagination, however, the credibility of both sources do not match the mind, which endeavors to find the truth of things by one’s intellectual
Anselm’s reasoning was that, if a being existed only in the mind but not in reality, then a greater being was conceivable (a being which exists both in the mind and in reality). Since God is an infinitely great being, therefore, God must exist. Anselm logically proved that God existed by our understanding aside from reality and our understanding combined with reality. Another argument is the cosmological arguments. It begins by examining some empirical or metaphysical fact of the universe, from which it then follows that something outside the universe must have caused it to exist.
Rene Descartes calls everything into question that he has ever believed in his Meditations On First Philosophy, from doubting anything in existence to pondering what “I” truly means. In his quest to understand the concept of the individual in Meditation Six, Descartes brings up the notion of mind-body dualism. This essay will begin by elaborating on Descartes’ dualism theory and follow up by offering a refutation to Descartes’ claims by denying Descartes’ assertion that the mind and body can persist to form the concept of “I” as we generally understand ourselves. Descartes’ support for the conceivability argument centers on three premises. Descartes’ first premise relies on his belief that his ability to clearly and distinctly understand one thing as separate from another allows him to conclude that they are indeed different from one another.
To do this he identifies different types of ideas that he possesses “among these ideas, some appear to me to be innate, some adventitious, and others to be formed [or invented] by myself” (Meditation 3). Innate ideas are inherent in his intellect, and because of this he concludes them to be true. He holds that his conception of God, as a being who possesses all possible perfections, is an innate idea that has been implanted into his mind by his creator. To further justify this claim, he provides his version of the ontological argument, proving that the existence of a God who possesses all perfections is self-evident.
Saint Anselm is known as one of the most important Christian philosophers of his time and still today. He is best known for his ontological argument regarding God’s existence and is consistently referenced for his work regarding the nature of God, redemption, freedom, and sin. Anselm believes God to be something “…that which nothing greater can be conceived” (Anselm, 40). He finds support and uses personal and commonsense logic to support his main ideas. His argument is broken up into several topics that reference the concept of just considering the idea of God, His true existence, considering the impossibility of God’s nonexistence, and a few others.