Renaissance Architecture Research Paper

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Renaissance Architecture
Began in 14-16th centuries. Origin in Italy: Florence and Rome. Also were the Italian Renaissance and the renewal classical culture in reconnection with the concepts of classical Roman and Greek antiquity. Renewed interest in the culture of classical antiquity with a particular attitude. The new idea was the Humanism: man is the centre of the universe. This period was known as the Spanish "Golden Age" when Spain was an important world power with important alliances and control over much of the "New World." The Spanish king Philip II, King of Naples, Sicily, and Milan in 1554 (and King of the Netherlands a year later) In the reign of King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile, the Spanish government
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Orderly arrangements of columns, pilasters and lintels, as well as the use of semicircular arches, hemispherical domes, aedicules replaced the more complex proportional systems and regular profiles of medieval building. Concepts of architectural order were explored and rules were reformulated. The study of classical antiquity led in particular to the adoption of Classical detail and ornamentation. Among the earliest buildings of the reborn Classicism were churches of a type that Romans had never constructed.
Historians often use the following
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He actively participated in international politics during the pontificates of Julius II and Leo X, (1507-1521) he could witness from a privileged position one of the most magnificent and richest period in the history of western art. Geronimo Vich brought important paintings from Rome to Valencia, among which it is important to mention a series by Sebastiano del Piombo, that constituted a point of inflection for Valencian painters, most of all for Vicent Macip, Joan de Joanes and Francisco Ribalta, just to mention few names. Jerónimo Vich’s art patronage and his artistic sensitivity, so close to the new elements shown by the Italian Renaissance, are particularly evident in the courtyard (with elegant classic columns, finely carved capitals, arches, cornices and pediments), which he commissioned for his palace in Valencia in 1527. The early and innovative introduction of first renaissance elements in Spain came along with two other courtyards in Spain, one in the castle of Vélez Blanco (Almería), now conserved in the Metropolitan Museum of New York, and the other one in the castle of La Calahorra (Granada). With the demolition of Vich’s palace in 1859, the Academy of San Carlos moved the marbles to the old Carmen convent that at that time was hosting the Museum of Fine Arts. In 1909 began a
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