During the 1300s, there were famine, war, and diseases. Although the famine, war and other diseases affected Europe greatly, black death had even more impact. The idea of humanism emerged because of Black Death. Humanism offered people to think outside the religious box. There were Christian Humanists like Pico della Mirandola, who believed not only in Christ’s ideas, but also people’s will and talent.
The Renaissance One of the main ideas that characterized Renaissance art and literature was one which was interest and appreciation for the classical period. The classical period was a time of Ancient Greece and Rome. It was the pinnacle of human achievement. I can see one main idea in the classical period because in a letter written by Niccolo Machiavelli, he read classical books that made him happy. He goes home imagining him entering ancient courts of ancient men while he was reading the classical books.
The first reason the Dark Ages were not as dark as the name claims for them to be, is because during the Dark Ages there were tons of advances in education. The information in Doc A that claims “Europe suffered a decline in commerce and manufacturing, in education, in literature and the arts and in almost all that makes possible a high civilization.” is completely biased. And that the Dark Ages “Did not support learning” (Background Information) which is completely untrue. During the Dark Ages, there were still people learning and teaching. One of them being a monk named Richer, who “went to the town of Chartres, in what is today France, to study.”
”(Document 9). Humanism also led to a new understanding of the universe. Because of this, people began to study the movement of the stars (astronomy) in order to build a more accurate picture of the universe. The Renaissance also brought awareness to woman’s rights and privileges. During the Middle Ages, people opposed of educating woman.
In the Middle Ages, the power of people impacted the society, because of the Feudal System. In other words, the rankings of people. There were four groups. The Kings and Queens were at the top, then the nobles, the knights, and last peasants and serfs(Doc. 1). Serfs and peasants had very little land given and they even had to provide food that they farmed for the knights and nobles.
The focus was shifted from God, to the value of an individual. A major art piece that showcases this is Leonardo da Vinci’s “Mona Lisa” Things such as the “well defined landscapes, natural folds in drapery, and three-dimensional figures” (Doc A) all support the idea that during the Renaissance, the focus was on detail and the person not on God, or religion. Humanism was also big because of its intense focus on value in the person. Something that
Rome was very significant because it controlled most of Europe and it also had a lot of european culture. Rome fell after the rulers that came in the next century, didn’t know how to deal with Rome’s growing problems and it’s giant empire, therefore Rome began to fall. There were many contributions to the fall of Rome. For example, trade was disrupted, there was limited space and they began to lack new sources of gold and silver. Some people may argue that the Age Of Faith and The Dark Ages are the best labels to describe the era between 500 and 1500 in Europe.
The Renaissance was a period in time where everything started to change after the middle ages. During this historical period humans stared evolving by becoming smarter and inventing useful recourses that have changed the world. The renaissance was a life changing period which brought more joy to the world after conquering the dark ages. The Renaissance changed man’s view on the world by using Art, Science and Literature to make humans brighter and because of the rapid information they were gaining. Art during the Renaissance grew rapidly because of Leonardo Da Vici, and Michelangelo who changed the way people painted and drew by creating strategies which made art more interesting.
The Renaissance was able to show a transition in political, economic, paintings, and social trends. Machiavelli was able to help the political power by his knowledge, Petrarch was able to show his significance for Renaissance humanism by showing great leadership, and the painters were able to proclaim a new imagery of humankind and raise questions about the value of importance of individuals. Petrarch held a lot of significance for the Renaissance humanism. The Renaissance humanism is basically a rational movement that is based upon the study of classical literary works in Greece and Rome. When Petrarch became part of the Renaissance he was often known as the father of Italian Renaissance humanism.
Do you know what a Renaissance man is? A Renaissance man is a person with many talents or areas of knowledge (Oxford). An example of one would be William Shakespeare. He's created amazing works such as Hamlet. He's contributed to the world of literature.
About 1280 C.E. a new distinct era, the Renaissance, arose and replaced the turbulent and dark Middle Ages. This new era brought unique ideas and a rebirth of Greek and Roman cultures. Universities and schools were founded for learning, Renaissance people were well rounded in studies, and enlightenment thinkers of the time held strong beliefs that there was a Renaissance. From its beginnings in Italy, the Renaissance spread throughout Europe, and furthermore differencing Renaissance Europeans from the religious medieval people.
How humanism affected the Renaissance and Reformation The Renaissance was a big change in European society. It reintroduced classical culture and brought back their style of art and architecture. In addition, classical culture also established a new way of thinking; humanism. This unique style changed learning, art, science and politics for the better.
Humanism is the concept of being realistic, finding logical explanations to problems and questions, and the belief in people’s individuality. Another change that was different about the Renaissance is that everyone was focused on leaving a legacy. They lived to be remembered and wanted to do something that would leave a lasting impression on the world and the people in it. A
Erasmus was the most influential European humanist of his generation and inadvertently his program of religious reform helped ignite Luther’s religious message. Christian humanism was deliberately created by a variety of humanists, and Erasmus’s writings also contributed to the creation of Christian humanism. Erasmus promoted applying the same critical approaches to Scripture that humanists had applied to ancient literature in order to correct textual errors and have a better understanding of the message of biblical authors. Erasmus represented the branch of humanism that wanted reform and this group challenged the academic, intellectual, and religious traditions of the Middle Ages. Erasmian humanism did not survive the struggles of the Reformation; however, humanism was not destroyed, but transformed.