Classical styles were motivated by “Humanism.” “Philosophy, a variety of ethical theory and practice that emphasizes reason, scientific inquiry, and human fulfillment in the natural world and often rejects the importance of belief in God” (Dictionary.com, “Humanism”) Classical styles, which later influenced the Renaissance, came from the Greek and Roman architecture. “The artistic style of ancient Greek art with its emphasis on proportion and harmony” (Free
Aristotle believed something similar to Socrates that humans were meant to think deeply and use their brain 's to answer questions about the world. Aristotle also believed that humans are godlike and better than any other beings. Westerns live life like they are better than other species. They do not care about the outcome their actions and how they affect others. Greek philosophy has had a great influence on Western Civilization’s way of thinking and learning.
These guys were well known in Greek Philosophy. In addition, Plato was not only Aristotle 's teacher but also Socrates student. Both of these philosophical titans were interested in the concept of “doing good,” but the teacher was concerned with knowing the good while the student wanted to apply the good, resulting in two different philosophies. Born into a prominent and wealthy family in the city, Plato devoted his life to one goal. He wanted people to reach a state of fulfilment.
Rapid emasculation of social ideas and religious leaders, along with technical progress led to the necessity for new social and political order. (Munck, 2000) The popularity of the idea of progress in the second half of the XVIII century - is the flip side of
The republic is an enquiry into the nature of justice. This required redesigning the polis from first principles. Plato argued that truly good conduct and the truly good state have to be based on true knowledge of things in themselves; that is, of the forms or ideas that underlie the world of appearances. Plato seems to have had an unlimited faith in the power of the mind. Plato was looking at justice starting from the individual and then, to make things clearer, in the state.
Isocrates and Aristotle both displayed an evident passion for this thing called “rhetoric.” Aristotle said that, “Rhetorical study, in its strict sense, is concerned with the modes of persuasion” (Aristotle, 2). Isocrates and Aristotle argued that this kind of writing was an art. By favoring an art definition over a science, they suggested that writing takes imagination as well as concentration. They illustrated that the language is constantly moving, and the mind of an author should be open and explorative. Isocrates and Aristotle both believed in the influence of sound rhetoric; furthermore, they insist upon a strategic education to further what they consider to be true rhetoric.
With the growth of modern design and its acceptance in the society new schools were brought up to teach the technology and industrial materials. Modern movement led to the western society in the late 19th and 20th century. In general, the modern movement was a transformation of the traditional forms of art, architecture, literature, religion, philosophy social organization and the daily activities of life to the new economic, social, modernized and westernized society. These aims of standardizing the process came in with new technology that helped simplify everything and also
The term “Nicomachean” was used because it is believed that this text was either dedicated to or edited by son of Aristotle named Nicomachus. Aristotle tends to analyze current stature and future prospective, and according to that has given us certain practical philosophical ethics to make our life much surrounded by peace. Nicomachean Ethics and other work Politics are quite in relation as both deliver the message of creating good living. Ethics is more individualistic leveled while Politics aims at good living of whole
The next and the most interesting era in my opinion is the Renaissance. Better known in French as “rebirth”, it was based off of ancient cultures of Greece and Rome. It was known as the rebirth because things changed from times before that were known as the middle ages. This was a time of happiness, full of colorful people and personalities throughout this era. In these times things began to change, the people and society around them began to evolve slowly and more excitingly.
Humanism was the popular ideology at the time. This affected the Architecture, Arts, and technologies being open minded led to the New printing press ”During is this era people looked for the old Roman and Greek classics. This was good because the people looked at the romans and Greeks as great role models”- Mendoza R. personal conversation (2015). Both this new secular knowledge and The new printing press were used to Revive knowledge that were lost at the Dark Ages. The secular knowledge which is also known as humanism is that people became even more open minded.Humanism was the common ideology at the time.