Investigation of Nature of Aphasia in Stroke Associated with Metabolic Syndrome Bincy Babu, Shamili Asokan, Daly Sebastian, Reeta Philip ABSTRACT Introduction: Stroke is one of the largest causes of death and disability in adults, affecting a large number of people all over the world. Two of the leading risk factors that lead to stroke are diabetes and hypertension. People with diabetes often have co-occurring conditions such as hypertension, cholesterol, etc., either together, or with one condition leading to another due to which there is an increased probability that these individuals develop heart diseases or stroke at an earlier age as compared to other people as a result of genetic or environmental influence. It has been found that there
INTRODUCTION AKI is a syndrome of rapid loss of kidney function and oliguria, which is associated with adverse patient outcomes. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is defined as a functional or structural abnormality of the kidney as determined by blood, urine or tissue tests or by imaging studies.AKI is estimated to occur in up to 15% of hospitalized patients and up to 60% of critically ill patients. Despite advances in health care, the incidence of AKI is increasing in both developed and developing countries which is associated with severe psychological and financial trauma (1). The incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) has increased over the past few decades and the reported incidence of AKI in different regions of the world is quite variable. In
Falls are the leading cause of injury related deaths in older adults. People who are older than 85years of age are 10 to 15 times more likely to sustain hip fractures than people between the ages of 60-65 years. Women are the most affected. Women sustain approximately 75% to 80% of all hip fractures. Hip fractures can also affect younger individuals.
Hypertension occurs in ∼50% of renal transplant and almost all cardiac transplant patients. Hyperuricemia may lead to worsening of gout, increased P-glycoprotein activity, and hypercholesterolemia. Nephrotoxicity occurs in the majority of patients and is the major reason for cessation or modification of therapy. Combined use of calcineurin inhibitors and glucocorticoids is particularly diabetogenic. Especially at risk are obese patients, African-American or Hispanic transplant recipients, or those with a family history of type II diabetes or
Even after menopause, the rate of men’s death from heart disease is the highest than women’s even it increase every year. Main cause of the heart disease also because of age. People who die from coronary heart disease more than 83% are 65 or older. Older women are more likely to die of heart attacks within a few weeks of the attack than older men. 4.1.2) Obesity
Lupus Nephritis is diagnosed to a patient in which Lupus largely affects the kidneys. This could be physically visible in the form of blood in the urine as an example, and other symptoms related to that of other kidney diseases. Lupus Nephritis has six stages: Class I – Class VI. The higher the class the more severe the implications of the disease are. Class I is the minimal mesangial lupus nephritis and for patients who are classified under this usually are in remission.
The most serious complication is nephrotoxicity, which may result in irreversible renal failure. Key management strategies for a cisplatin overdose involve renal protection and enhancing drug elimination, and consideration of sodium thiosulfate and plasmapheresis. A suggested algorithmic approach for the initial management of a patient with a cisplatin over-dose is presented in figure 2. To our knowledge, patients inadvertently receiving less than 300 mg/ m2 of cisplatin reportedly often recover, whereas overdoses exceeding 400 mg/ m2 frequently result in death. To our knowledge, our case is the youngest one who received a high dose of cisplatin (500 mg/m2) in the absence of intravenous hydration, and nephrotoxicity result in renal failure, hearing loss, visual impairment, severe myelosuppression complicated by life-threatening sepsis were presented in this patient.
Chronic kidney disease is become more frequently in older people and consequently is likely to increase in the population as a whole. People with chronic kidney diseases are at higher risk of cardiovascular disease and they should be recognized early so that appropriate preemptive measures can be taken . In the early stages of CKD people may be unaware that they have some illness so the blood or urine test may be an only way to discover the disease. Establishing which conditions influence to CKD identifies those who should have the required blood or urine tests. Early finding of CKD can establish if kidney disease is likely to be liberal allowing appropriate treatment to slow
It is the most common micro vascular complication of people with diabetes. The risk of developing diabetic retinopathy is increased with high blood sugar and high blood pressure. There are two types of diabetic retinopathy, proliferative and non-proliferative. Proliferative diabetic retinopathy is where
Ischemic stroke is more common type of stroke, occurs around 80% of all strokes (Feigin et al., 2003), of which 60% are involved with large-artery ischemia. Following ischemia there is a local reduction in oxygen supply or nutrients, results in failure of energy production such as adenine triphosphate (ATP). This harmfully influences the tissue cell survival, and leads to cellular damage and death. The amount of cellular injury depends upon extend of illness, severity, and area involved (Deb P,
Heart, kidneys, bladder Heart: The BNP level in W.A.’s blood was above normal. A high value of BNP in the blood may show early heart failure in people on kidney dialysis. She also has +2 pitting edema and Crackles in bilateral lower lobes and shortness of breath. As heart failure gets worse, fluid starts to build up in your lungs and other
Approximately how many percent of patient have difficulty swallowing immediately after the stroke? a. 25% b. 45% c. 50% d. 85% 13. Intracerebral hemorrhage and subarachnoid hemorrhage are associated with __________ morbidity and mortality rate than ischemic stroke a.
Various studies have shown that heart diseases are number one killer in America. It has been observed that rate of re-hospitalization of patients, aged 55 years and up, suffering from suffering congestive heart failure is quite high than other ailments. Many researchers have pointed out that inadequate patient education at the time of discharge is one of the reasons of increased rate of readmissions in CHF patients. Many studies show that the lack of self-reliance and gist of self-care management are the root cause of re-hospitalization. Now the question arises that who will be accountable for this deficiency; the nurse educator, the patient itself, healthcare facilities and professionals, or other circumstances.
The number one killer in the United States today is heart disease or also known as cardiovascular disease (U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2015). As death rates begin to rise due to cardiovascular disease, in 1948 the Framingham Heart Study became a joint project of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and Boston University to pinpoint the most common factors that play a role in cardiovascular disease and strokes (Framingham Heart Study, 2015). Over several years, the Framingham study has identified several risks factors that are believed to increase the likelihood of a person being diagnosed with cardiovascular disease. These risk factors include high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, smoking, obesity, diabetes, and physical