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Rene Descarte's Argument

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Rene Descartes introduces his argument by questioning the certainty of everything based on the deceptive human senses, and unreliable memory which leads him to conclude that almost nothing is absolutely certain. Descartes argues that if there is a possibility that everything surrounding him is merely an illusion, then there must be a powerful being that is constantly deceiving him with a possibility of him himself being that being. He also believe that if he can convince himself of these ideas then he must be something and thus concludes that if he is capable to think then he exists even without a body or a shape. He further reflects on his existence as a man with body parts and shape who consumes food and walks the earth. As a result, he deduces
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