Rene Descartes Psychology

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Psychology is the scientific field where they study on mind and behavior. Psychology is a complex discipline and includes many sub-fields of study such areas as human maturity, sports, health, clinical, social behavior and thoughts. Psychology is a subject that does not have a very long history, with most advances and improvements happening over the time of 150 years or so. However, the origins can be followed back to history Greece, 400 – 500 years BC. If the origins of psychology is understood in depth then you will be able to see that many philosophers had their hand in creating the foundation of psychology such as great thinkers known as Socrates, Plato, Aristotle and Descartes had been involved. In understanding and debating about…show more content…
Although there have been many possible contributors to establishment of what is often called "advanced science," the ideas of the philosopher Rene Descartes are vital to science but especially to psychology. Descartes lived from 1596 to 1650, and usually wanted to find answers to the questions like Are the mind and body the same, or different?" His answers were started to be called as Cartesian Dualism, this concept say that mind and body are two different entities, but that the mind can influence the body and the body can influence the mind. So to research on this idea the church and the scientist divided the work among them. The church could still work to influence the mind of individuals, and the scientists of the day could study the body, each group having its own domain to some…show more content…
Phrenology was one solution to the mind-body issue that was studied by Franz Joseph Gall (1758-1828) and subsequently became popular by his student then later became college, Joseph Spurzheim (1776-1832). The basic idea of phrenology suggested that one could discover and understand someone's personality traits by feeling and interpreting the bumps on the head. Although this idea may seem naive by today's standards of psychology or any science, but it was a popular idea at the time, and it was such a simple concept that could be understood easily by common people and accepted by them. Phrenology implied, that the shape of the skull was an precise representation of the fundamental core of the brain, that the mind can be meaningfully divided and labled into 37 or more different functions, and that certain personality triats or qualities that we have are found in certain exact locations in the brain. Therefore, by feeling someone's skull and detecting the location of an abnormal bump (too much) or groove or even a dent, an explanation could be made as to whether someone possessed an overabundance or shortage of the corresponding trait due to the shape of the
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