The topic I would like to introduce is Surrealism/ Surrealistic/ Surreal imagery and the significance of its movement and how it influenced many artist all over the globe in the past and still is today. My understanding of this style of art is basically having something out of this world but juxtaposed. Fantasy like objects, effects, perhaps hallucinatory quality of a dream or simply just something unreal.
Edgar Degas was an impressionist artist but he preferred to call himself a realist or independent (Schenkel 1). He wanted his works to capture fleeting moments in the lower of modern setting (Schenkel 1). The work he preferred to do were paintings of theaters and cafes illuminated by artificial light (Schenkel 1). He used the artificial lights to contour his figures (Schenklel 1). Edgar Degas was intrigued by the human figure and how he could capture the body in unusual positions (Edgar Degas Biography, Art, Analysis of Work 1).
In the entire framework, the other figures are faced towards the bull as it is a peaceful figure in the painting. Furthermore, the surrealistic quality of Neruda and Picasso’s images produce vivid imagery relating to their own personal experiences. The poem and the painting venture into esoteric creations that allows the reader to have multiple interpretations on its meaning. Neruda and Picasso found inspiration from horrific situations that enabled them to enrich their work.
Walt Whitman’s work transcended the notions considered taboo at that time, such as sexual experiences, Whitman openly and unapologetically translated through his work what others considered to be outrageous. His poems expressed sexual experiences and many other form of controversial elements. As I have previously stated “Walt Whitman, is a true inspiration and a pioneer of his generation when it comes to self-expression in a world not so forgiven by those who challenge the moral rules of society in which they live. In his poem titled Shut your doors he wrote: “Shut not your doors to me proud libraries.”
He is the master of American horror yet with close examination he writing style is not so different from Wilde’s, just like Wilde he was partial to using aestheticism, his writing style is so often referred to his ‘addiction to adjectives’. Interestingly for Poe unlike so many of his contemporise, such as Ralph Waldo Emerson he wasn’t a ‘great American dream story writer’, whereas Emerson belonged to the mainstream national narrative, who saw American as new, full of potential and belonged to the transcendentalist movement, Poe illustrated America through a counter narrative. Emerson’s American offered hope, while Poe’s America offered death, decay and despair, not a new land but a decaying one; if Emerson looked outwards Poe most certainly looked inward. Poe’s narrative style can be seen as the great narrative of death and decay in America, but it is essential to examine why? Firstly modern readers can assume that a primary reason for Poe’s obsession with all things dead and decaying was because Poe suffered great death and loss in his life, described by Killis Campbell as “the saddest and strangest figure in American literary history”.
The term Magischer Realism, translated as magic realism, was first used by German art critic Franz Roh in 1925 to refer to an alternative style known as New Objectivity. Around 1920s, artists looked around them, at the ordinary objects of life and painted to portray the strange and the uncanny in the aspects of everyday life. Their aim was to shake the established perception of reality, and their surroundings by announcing fantastic elements. Roh recognized magic realism’s accuracy in detail as well as its portrayal of magic in the rational world. He also claimed that magical realism in art finds a way to portray mystery found in everyday reality whereas in literature, it works ‘both within and against the aesthetic of realism.’
One of the most famous veristic artist was Salvador Dali, who drew such beautiful scenes of fantastical creatures, melting clocks and some other elements. It is called veristic, meaning realistic, but this style is a type of drawing that is creative, the view into the fantasy world that has no connection to the reality. This type of surrealism can bring the viewer, then artist’s fantasy world, which is quite detailed because the artist tries to not filter parts that are unconscious. With a detailed painting, the viewer can have a cleaner view to the artist’s dream world, which then can interpret his/her wishes.
This art movement had rationalised the European culture and politics in the past that had accompanied in the first World War. A huge influential poet and critic within this movement also known as a big spokesman for this movement is Andre Breton, who published ‘The Surrealist Manifesto’ in 1924. Surrealism had a thing to reunite the conscious and the unconscious experiences to complete the world of dream and fantasy which one day the two terms would join and in a rational world in would be reality, a surreality. Within theories got from Sigmund Freud, Breton found that the unconscious was the wellspring of the imagination. Within this he believed that the normally untapped realm could be attained
Abstract expressionism also setup the theoretical ground for high modernism was a state of history in which the artist experimented on form and style and also searched deep into the existential issue pertaining to human life, modernism was the face of intellectuals who ultimately celebrated the human freedom. Art was the only medium expressing their freedom and joy. Abstract expressionism was a purest form of apolitical art of 20th century. Early 20th century western art had shown the tendencies of art moving towards abstraction which the artists thought to be closer to the purest of forms of art like music. Kandinsky was one of the early exponents of abstract art.
All forms of literature betrays life or nature in a particular matter or form. Realism is one form of literature that presents life objectively and honestly without sentimentality or idealism that had colored earlier literature. In realism as well as many others, the setting is developed in great detail. Realism was first developed in France in the mid-19th century and then spread into the new world.
Advertising and television make this problem even worse all they do is promote this idea that light is better. Advertising is powerful and influences people and shows them what beauty is and what imperfections are. Advertisers “ research the facts needed for creating advertising, and strategize the best messages and methods to use to reach their target audience”(Ad Match). These Ads