In her novel Oranges Are not the Only Fruit, Jeanette Winterson describes the conflictual relationship between a profoundly religious adoptive mother and her lesbian daughter, Jeanette. The writer’s decision to give the main character her own name reflects the autobiographical content of the novel, since the story is based on the author’s own life. The first part of the chapter examines how the whole story can be interpreted as a fairy tale, and how the mother’s role profoundly changes according to her attitude towards the heroine-narrator. Secondly, the final reconciliation between the two female characters is analysed. Finally, the reasons for the adoptive mother’s rejection of Jeanette’s lesbian nature are discussed.
Many female critics have looked towards The Wife of Bath as a feminist role model (Reisman) She wanted authority over her five husbands, “She’d been respectable throughout her life, with five churched husbands bringing joy and strife, Not counting other company in her youth;” (Chaucer, l. 459-461) In Othello, the society centered around the men having all the control over women except in their beds, which was when the women could take control. Othello uses his power to over Desdemona to mock her,“Ay, you did wish that I would make her turn. Sir, she can turn, and turn, and get go on, And turn again. And she can weep, sir, weep. And she’s obedient.- Proceed you in your tears.- Concerning this sir- O, well-painted passion!
The influence of Lady Gregory’s early life on her works, and her depiction of women, provides insight and acts as a contrast to the portrayal of women by other prominent male playwrights of her time and the characterization of the female character Grania. Using the play Grania, Lady Gregory explores possibilities for Irish women to defy gender expectations. To better understand Lady Gregory’s portrayal of women, it is essential to examine the effect of her early life on her works. Lady Gregory negatively characterizes her childhood years as silent, cold, and bound with strict religious piety. To recover from a life that was often suffocated by others, she later “created the means to insert herself into history” (Waters 24), and explores concepts of self determination and representation in her works.
Using such female authors as Jane Austen and Emily and Charlotte Bronte, she examined women and their struggles as artists, their position in literary history and need for independence. She also invented a female fellow of William Shakespeare, a sister named Judith to at times emphasize her feministic ideals. Woolf proved to be an innovative and influential 20th Century author. In some of her novels she didn’t follow the rules of plot and structure, but she chose to use stream-of-consciousness to emphasize the psychological aspects of her characters, as she claimed and asked the artists to be concerned with the fact that the psychological facet of the character is an
Mallard is described as having wrinkles that “bespoke repression” to show that her voice and free will has been repressed in marriage. When Chopin wrote The Story of an Hour females had few career opportunities, and lacked the ability to vote, so Mrs. Mallard is used as an archetype of the voiceless women in marriage and society. The argument put forward shows that it is wrong that females must be without the “possession of self assertion” in marriage and life instead they should be on equal footing with males. Chopin uses the setting in the Story of an Hour to further display the power dynamics because the housewife is merely a guest in her husband’s
Feminism has been a prominent and controversial topic in writings for the past two centuries. In Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre the main character, Jane Eyre, explores the depth at which women may act in society and finds her own boundaries in Victorian England. As well, along with the notions of feminism often follow the subjects of class distinctions and boundaries.There is an ample amount of evidence to suggest that the tone of Jane Eyre is, in fact, a very feminist one and may well be thought as relevant to the women of today who feel they have been discriminated against because of their gender. At the beginning of the 19th Century, little opportunity existed for women, and thus many of them felt uncomfortable when attempting to enter many parts of society. The absence of advanced educational opportunities for women and their alienation from almost all fields of work gave them little option in life: either become a house wife or a governess.
The writer’s decision to give the main character her own name reflects the autobiographical content of the novel, since the story is based on the author’s own life. The first part of the chapter examines how the whole story can be interpreted as a fairy tale, and how the mother’s role profoundly changes according to her attitude towards the heroine-narrator. Secondly, the final reconciliation between the two female characters is analysed. Lastly, the reasons for the adoptive mother’s rejection of Jeanette’s lesbian nature are
As a socially conscious writer, De attempts to bring these erring women back into the orbit of socially sanctified morality. Keywords : Lesbianism, psychopaths , harmonious existence , familial bonding, institution of marriage, freedom . Female Resistance against Repression in Shobha De’s Strange Obsession Introduction Shobha De, a renowned and a prolific living writer projects her social vision through affirmation of the feminine self. She predominantly deals with the lives of the upper class society and examines the institution of family and marriage. She opines in Shooting from the Hip: “The whole question of the position of females in
The novelist presents Panchali’s life as a series of choices made by herself, and not by the people around her, giving her a voice in the overwhelmingly patriarchal society in ancient India. Divakaruni’s interpretation of the epic provides a complete narrative, sometimes missing from the original epic, giving a stronger role to women of the story, and portraying them as equals in society. This approach of the author emboldens one to argue safely, without much fear of contradiction, that The Palace of Illusions is feminist reading of the
As Helen Cixous suggests, Gilman “breaks up truth with laughter.” (11) Although it was written hundred years ago yet it has so much relevance in the contemporary world. By strongly criticizing the culture and tradition of outside world, Gilman has brought this imaginary world with a feminist perspective. She has presented in her novel that, gender difference, suppression and oppression of women, sexual harassment, rape, will continue throughout the years. Gilman’s works are strongly embedded and connected with women like Women and Economics, Concerning Children, The home: Its work and Influence and many more. Herland depicts the breakdown of isolated society and expresses the changed ideas and the conflict between the outside world and their world.