Many people believe that the election plays the most important role in democracy. Because a free and fair election holds the government responsible and forces it to behave on voter's interest. However, some scholars find evidence that election itself is not enough to hold politicians responsible if the institutions are not shaping incentives in a correct way. In other words, the role of the election on democracy, whether it helps to serve the interest of the public or specific groups, depends on other political institutions. I In an ideal democracy, voters will vote for the politicians and policies that can bring the most benefit to themselves, while the rules of the society cares about how to maximize the social welfare as a whole.
Democracy is a form of government offering a workable solution to the fundamental political problem of reaching collective decisions by peaceful means. Democracy can also be about political equality and giving everyone an equal voice in saying how a state should be governed The procedures required to deliver democratic political equality are , free and fair elections, universal suffrage, freedom of expression and information and freedom of association . There are many types of democracies but in my essay I will explain only two types of democracies which are direct democracy and liberal democracy Direct democracy is a form of democracy where citizens are given an extraordinary amount of participation in the legislation process and granting them a maximum political self determination. It can also be called “pure democracy”. An example where direct democracy is practised is Switzerland where people
In a unified government where the majority of people share the same views, it would be less likely to need to delay bills or throw them out because everyone would already find a way to agree on most of them. However, at the same time, unified government can prove to have disadvantages as the president’s ultimate goal is to be reelected which would mean appealing to the moderates. Therefore, he or she might refuse to pass laws that are too liberal or conservative in order to keep the moderates happy. On the
This seems deceptive because the people of that state vote for their party, not the opposing side. However, as seen multiple times in history, representatives have voted against their party. Although it seems as if the state representatives have the power to manipulate the majority’s vote, it is noted that the people choose their representatives (so the voters receive what they voted for). Through the establishment of the Electoral College, people are allowed to vote for their representatives, candidates have a better understanding of the nation’s needs, and there is more equal representation. It is with these reasons that I support the Electoral College and do not think that it should be modified nor abolished.
While this mistrust exists, people will identify with a political party that their beliefs align with. A person’s political identification at times is part of their identity. Therefore, if a certain party is in control of major institutions, people who identify with same party should trust the government. My hypothesis was that people that identified with the same party as the current President would trust the government more. With the current President being Obama, democrats should trust the government more.
This institution, created as a method of compromise during a time long past has persisted in its original form, and we are starting to notice its effects on society, how its design enables it to maintain stability in the presidential election system and give more balanced influence on the federal government to every state. Yet it also has its downfalls, from the “faithless electors” to the misrepresentation of the public, especially 3rd party candidates and minorities. These collectively draw a picture of a system that, as of yet, has not needed to be changed, but may be in the near future. It is versatile enough to change to fit the needs of the people when it is needed to be changed through amendment of the constitution, and ultimately in itself has caused no problems. The problems are side effects of how it has been implemented, but not of the College itself.
Example of democracy is the type of government in the United States. Strengths as democracy: In democratised countries the people have the rights who are elected into any form of government office. These elected person officially make the decisions based on the people want and in the best majority of people. They represent the citizen of country in a way that they could not do for themselves. If someone has an issue or something that they feel should change then they can easily access their local elected person at their office and that person can help them with their problems and guide them through the steps they need to take to get it to the next level of government.
Although the United States is not a direct democracy the Constitution established popular sovereignty to insure that the people hold the most political power; and today, participatory democracy is exercised. When citizens elect representatives, their job is to represent the views of the people. Fair representation is in the best interest of these officials because they want to get reelected. Today participatory democracy allows Americans to vote for representatives who will make decisions they agree with. In the House of Representatives, elected members represent their districts, speaking for their people as a voice on the House floor.
They don’t need to stumble between elections due to unstable decisions by minority governments. This method is known to be simple, clear and decisive in majority of the cases. It also gives people a chance to vote a person rather than a political party. Therefore, the voters can evaluate the performance of the individual rather than just have to accept a list of candidates given by a party. 3.
This is the role of political parties. Political parties are politically recognized organizations of citizens who form to defend their interests. Having a political system that allows the freedom to form a new political parties or to declare membership in already existing ones, promotes democracy. As such, political parties are an indispensable part of the democratic process. However, there are also negative consequences to having political parties.
1. What are the distinguishing features of policing in a democracy? How has our system of federalism affected policing in the United States? Democracy is defined as government that gives authority to the people, through freely elected representatives. Many believe that democracy allows people to be free from governmental influence within their lives.
It allows for some continuity and stability for the current government. “It contributes to the political stability of the nation by encouraging a two-party system and discouraging the proliferation of splinter parties such as those that have plagued many European democracies”(Thirty-Thousand.org 11). Lastly the electoral college helps encourage minority parties. Due to how the Electoral College distributes power, many minority interests have the ability to be represented and even backed by larger parties in order to get Electoral College votes. While a third party may have particular difficulty in securing a presidency, they can at least have enough delegates that their interests have to be taken
The Electoral College is a fair process of government for everyone. The Electoral College is a trustworthy method of government. Certainly, this way is a fair to the citizens, the states and the country. If the government was to develop a new system it may not give everyone this power. The Electoral College also helps uniformed voters not have a have a huge say in government.
With the Articles of Confederation, one strength was that the power was spread out over the country. This lets all states help decide what’s best for the nation, instead of the central government have all the power. A weakness to this is that it might lead to a lack of unity within the United States. Another positive to this type of government is the ability for each state to have different laws. This allows each state to do what’s best for themselves.
However, the legislative branch of the new government proposed in the Constitution is able to control the malignant effects of factions because the representatives are able to pass legislation that affects large portions of the nation instead of individuals. Madison then states that a pure democracy, in which ordinary citizens govern themselves, are not able to control the effects of factions, but a republic, in which citizens elect representatives to govern, is able to. The reason that republics can control the effects of political parties is because the representatives have to consider the good of the whole nation; Madison hopes that their patriotism will override their temporary interests. Furthermore, representatives, given that they are elected into office, should be men of good morals and intelligence; Madison believes these men of this caliber are more fit to govern a country than average citizens. In conclusion, Madison discusses in Federalist 10 what factions are and how they work, and why a republic is the best government to combat the negative effects of