Reptile Evolution In The Cenozoic Era

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Reptile Evolution in the Cenozoic Era
Cenozoic Era is that stretch of geologic time that began approximately 65 mya and extends into the present. It is divided into Paleogene period (Paleocene, Eocene, Oligocene) 65-23 mya, Neogene period (Miocene, Pliocene) 23-2.58 mya, and Quarternary period (Pleistocene, Holocene) 2.6 mya to present Reptiles that survived the mass extinction continued to evolve during this time into various open ecological niches (Fossilmuseum, 2016). As evidenced by existing records, not much of evolutionary changes occurred over this period since most reptiles resembled what we recognize them to be today and all dinosaurs except birds lived on.
The Cenozoic period is characterized by diversification of plants inclusive
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This group consists of 6000 ectothermic species and has been around since the Jurassic period. Lizards occupy nearly all habitats. Terrestrial Lizards, for example, the iguana, diversified in the terrestrial habitats. Today, they continue to inhabit tropical areas of Mexico, the Caribbean, as well as Central and South America. Additionally, other lizards are arboreal, aquatic, and burrowing. Aerial reptiles like the Pterosaurs, however, became extinct at the end of the Cretaceous Period, while Megalania ceases to exist in the Quaternary Period. Many of the reptiles exhibit reduction or absolute loss of limbs as seen in some legless species like the glass lizard and worm…show more content…
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