Sanger experienced multiple roadblocks on her journey to fight for the invention, as well as women’s rights to accessing oral contraceptives. In the year of 1914, Sanger was arrested for distribution of her magazine, The Woman Rebel which included progressive ideas about birth control use (41). Two years later, Sanger was arrested for a second time in Brooklyn, New York for opening the original family planning clinic (“History of Birth Control” 98). It was not until 1923 that Sanger achieved her goals of bringing America the first legal birth control clinic, which coined the name Planned Parenthood two years
After women won the vote, the leader of the National Woman’s Party believed that woman needed an amendment to stop all discrimination based on sex. It was introduced by Alice Paul in Congress in 1923 and then re-introduced in several different ways every year until 1971. In 1972, the ERA was finally passed the House and Senate. At that time, it was given 10 year extension. However, in 1973, Supreme Court decision Roe v. Wade activated a strong anti-feminist movement that opposed the goal of feminists who supported abortion rights and the ERA.
Until the Civil war, she never stopped working for the American Anti-Slavery Society. But then she was more focused on pursuing women's rights. She started claiming the rights of both sexes and she established with her friend Stanton the American Equal Rights Association. In 1863 both Susan Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton established the Women's Loyal National League to demand some constitution amendments in the United States. It was the first American Women’s organization for anti-slavery movement as it was the only political tool for women at that time.
"The Need for Birth Control" (1922) written by Margaret Sanger a feminist and birth control activist. Sanger started out nursing before she released in 1912 an article in a newspaper called "What Every Girl Should Know" starting her campaign to educate women about sex, during this time she was nursing women on the lower east side and treated many women who had back-alley abortions or tried to terminate the pregnancy themselves. This motivated Sanger to begin fighting to make birth control information and contraceptives available to women. In 1914 Sanger had published "The Rebel Woman" a feminist magazine that promoted women's rights to birth control, By doing this she was going against the Comstock act of 1873 and faced a possible five- year jail sentence. Instead of facing jail time Sanger fled to England and worked in the women's movement and researched birth control.
Florence Kelley delivered a speech to the National American Woman Suffrage Association regarding the argument that child labor should be stopped. She presented very good arguments and persuaded many people to follow what she was arguing about. She used many different rhetorical strategies and she organized and analyzed her speech to perfect what she was going to say. The purpose of this argument was to convince the government to enforce laws that restrict child labor and benefit woman in an increase to improve working conditions. Florence Kelley was hoping to achieve respect and loyalty to the people she led.
Instead of sitting quietly in peaceful protests and campaigns, she refused to be a small voice in a sea of power-hungry men and oppressed women and made herself and women’s struggles known to America. She grabbed America’s attention through various tactics, including marches and picketing in front of the White House, and fought for equality until her death. As a young girl, Alice Paul had originally been introduced to the women’s suffrage movement through her mother, who would often take her to
A Response to Jane Addams Primary Document Why Women Should Vote On August 19, 1920 the 19th Amendment was ratified, finally giving women the right to vote. But what instances led up to this pivotal moment in history? Jane Addams does a great service in providing thorough information as to the reasons why women should be given this right in her document, Why Women Should Vote. She writes that this document is an attempt to show how women of that time were failing in their daily duties in the home due to a lack of conscience in the outside world around them. She believes that if women were given a say so, the streets would be cleaner, the food would be cleaner, and the rate of children dying from deadly diseases would drastically drop.
Jeannette Rankin lived during the time of World War I, the 18th Amendment being ratified, the 19th Amendment being ratified, and World War II. World War I was about to be declared and the advocates for the prohibition of alcohol were pushing for the 18th Amendment to happen. Jeanette Rankin’s involvement in these events were very significant. Rankin was the first women to ever hold national office in the United States and was allowed to vote on
Racism in The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks Imagine your mother, sister, wife, or cousin was diagnosed with cervical cancer and you believed the doctors were doing everything in their power to help her. Only later you discovered her cells were used for research without consent and she was not properly informed of the risks of her treatment due to her race. This story happened and is told by Rebecca Skloot in The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks. Skloot use of narrative and her writing style enhances the understanding of the story. Henrietta Lacks was a young black woman who was diagnosed with cervical cancer at John Hopkins Hospital.
Catharine Esther Beecher was born in the year of 1800, in a century characterized by the belief that women and men possessed distinct characteristics. Men were thought to be bold and prone to violence while women were believed to be virtuous and lived solely to have babies. Catharine did not adhere to the belief of women being solely homemakers and instead said, “Those who contend against giving woman the same education as man, do it on the ground that it would make the woman unfeminine–as if nature had done her work so slightly that it could be so easily raveled and knit over.” Catharine was highly progressive for her time in promoting higher education for women. Catharine was the first child born to Dr. Lyman and Roxana Foote Beecher in
Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucy Stone (Riegel 495). Lucy Stone is an important figure to the Woman’s Rights Movement who brought to light the issue of domestic violence in the United States. Stone and her husband made several efforts through legislation and the Woman’s Journal to promote women as citizens instead of property. Stone was the first in the United States to introduce legislation supporting divorce in cases of domestic abuse. The proposed bill granted to assaulted wife a legal separation, custody of the children and economic support from the husband.
It was known by the government that the best way to persuade women into aiding the war effort was to appeal to their emotions; women were angry that their loved ones were forced to go off to war to partake in a fight that was believed America had no need to be in. Yet, women were expected to set aside their personal beliefs to insure that America could still make further advancements without its men. However, women still complied because they knew the responsibility laid with them to keep the nation running. Still, much of propaganda had a purpose to motivate women to lend a helping hand in the war. As Susan Mathis said, “The patriotic appeal had two aspects… ‘do your part’... ‘a soldier may die if you don’t do your part’...” (Mathis).
Between the 1890s and World War One, reform efforts started taking place by the progressives. The progressives were not a single unified group and even had some contradicting goals. They were middle class urban dwellers and some were women. The progressives wanted to end prostitution, Americanize immigrants, antitrust legislation created, women’s suffrage, and the start of prohibition. An example of a group of progressive women who wanted to start prohibition is The Women’s Christian Temperance Union.
Minnie had finally achieved what she had spent so much time fighting for but this accomplishment was great and it was a milestone for women in the state of teas but it wasn’t enough for Minnie she set her sights out for something bigger and better which was an amendment that would grant women throughout America the right to vote. In order to achieve this Minnie made arrangements with United States Senator from Texas Morris Sheppard in 1917 for a conference in his Washington, D.C. office for women to state their perspectives on the proposed suffrage amendment to the Constitution of the United States. Minnie and NAWSA lobbyist Maud Wood Park, who would become the first president of the League of Women Voters, initiated a campaign for constituents to flood the offices of their representatives with telegrams in favor of passage. The United States House of Representatives passed the first version of the Nineteenth Amendment on January 10, 1918, but it failed in the United States Senate. This failure did not stop Minnie nor her supporters in fact it inspired them more.