The Democrats endorsed the “popular sovereignty” approach to slavery expansion that was used in the Kansas-Nebraska act. Their platform stated that new territories should decide themselves whether to be slave or free by popular vote; however, anti-slavery northerners feared that this result in the expansion of slavery further westward, a major fear of the Republican party. The Republican
As mentioned previously, Clay's policies were based on economic development, so this was in favor of people who opposed the policies of the democratic party led by Andrew Jackson. By 1840, the Whig Party became a vigorous part in the emerging mass democratic system in the United States. Therefore, even though, despite his unsuccessful attempts to become the president, Clay and his creation of the second party system made progress in establishing mass democracy in the
One of reasons the confederacy failed was because the U.S. Congress, with Lincoln’s support, proposed the 13th amendment which would abolish slavery in America. Although the confederate peace delegation was unwilling to accept a future without slavery, the radical and moderate Republicans designed a way to takeover the reconstruction program. The Radical Republicans wanted full citizenship rights for African Americans and wanted to implement harsh reconstruction policies toward the south. The radical republican views made up the majority of the Congress and helped to pass the 14th amendment which guaranteed equality under the law for all citizens, and protected freedmen from presidential vetoes, southern state legislatures, and federal court decisions. In 1869, Congress passed the fifteenth amendment stating that no citizen can be denied the right to vote because of “race, color, or previous condition of servitude.” To destroy the confederacy and make the south rejoin the union, extreme legal measures such as passing amendments needed to be taken by the government to affirm Union’s power over the south.
After the civil war, the question of “what’s next” was the main focus throughout politics, the government and the country. Abraham Lincoln was president during that time and he had a plan for reconstruction he hoped would bring the nation back together quickly and easily without too many harsh punishments or difficulties. Unfortunately, after Lincoln was murdered, his Vice President, Andrew Johnson had a plan for reconstruction that was different than Lincoln’s and many disagreed with Johnson’s views and ideas. Radical Republicans, were a large majority of the people who did not like Johnson the most, and so they came up with a reconstruction plan of their own as well, however only one was put into place and it changed the future of the United States forever. President Lincoln developed a reconstruction plan called the “Ten Percent Plan”.
Andrew Jackson supported states rights and the expansion of slavery to the West. He also had a role in the forced relocation of the Native Americans West of the Mississippi River. Some people would consider Andrew Jackson to be a great president because he did things like revolutionizing presidential campaigning. He also used the power to veto bills that he saw unfit. Some people would say that Andrew Jackson was a terrible president because he made the Indians move and he abused the power to veto to try and take more control over congress.
This brought in era called the “Radical Reconstruction” also called the African American “Golden Age”. This started by Republicans officially won the Congress in 1866 elections. This allowed for Radical Republicans Thaddeus Stevens and Charles Summer were ones that the lead the charge. This movement caused the Radicals and Moderates were able to pass the First Reconstruction Act of 1867 it annulled all of 10 confederate states from the Union except the state of Tennessee and Congress had approve not the president. There were new conditions for readmission which required them to grant African-American men right the vote and ratify 14th Amendment in order to reenter them Union.
A portion of the North agreed with the south in that it should be a problem that will stay and will be dealt with in the southern states. The 3/5 compromise and the War of 1812 were two major factors that Mason speaks on that directly affected northerners and lead to more push for anti-slavery movements. A quote here supports this, “As Madison won reelection in 1812 and the war dragged on, New England Federalists increasingly argued that were it not for the added power of slave representation, the Republicans would never have been able to enact commercial restrictions or initiate the war” (51). Though rebutted later in the book by a southerner, this was a fair point. With this added slave representation came much more power for the southern states.
Four years later, James Monroe won every electoral vote with the exception of one. During the Missouri Crisis, Federalists tried to prohibit Missouri from entering the Union. Republicans viewed the Federalists as trying to foment sectional discontent and quickly closed ranks. Outside of New England, the Federalist Party relished some of its biggest successes in North Carolina. Federalist electors gave one of the state’s electoral votes to John Adams in 1796 and four more in 1800.
On September 2nd, 1862, Abraham Lincoln famously signed the Emancipation Proclamation. After that, there’s been much debate on whether Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation truly played a role in freeing the slaves with many arguments opposing or favoring this issue. In Vincent Harding’s essay, The Blood-red Ironies of God, Harding argues in his thesis that Lincoln did not help to emancipate the slaves but that rather the slaves “self-emancipated” themselves through the war. On the opposition, Allen C Guelzo’s essay, Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation: The End of Slavery in America, argues in favor of the Emancipation Proclamation and Guelzo acknowledges Lincoln for the abolishment of slavery through the Emancipation Proclamation. Guelzo proposes in his essay that Lincoln intended on abolishing slavery and completed this by signing the Emancipation Proclamation, crediting the Emancipation Proclamation as the most revolutionary pronouncement ever signed by an American president.
The Bull Moose Party, was a former political party in the United States, founded by Theodore Roosevelt during the presidential campaign of 1912. The Bull Moose Party was formed because Theodore Roosevelt was beaten in the Republican primary by Taft yet still wanted to run for president. Right around this time, the political party called for direct election of U.S. senators, women's voting rights, reduction of tariffs, and many social reforms. Roosevelt, who served as the 26th president of the United States from 1901 to 1909, began his campaign as the party's presidential candidate. A key point of his platform is "Square Deal", Roosevelt's concept of a fair business competition based on society and the added benefits to Americans who need it.
During the 2008 election African-Americans came out in much larger numbers than the previous years. The 2008 presidential elections were said to be the most racially and ethnically diverse in U.S. history, with nearly one-in-four votes cast by non-whites, according to a new analysis of Census Bureau data by the Pew Research Center. The voter turnout rate among young black eligible voters was higher than that of young eligible voters of any other racial and ethnic group in 2008 (Lopez and Taylor). African- American women and younger African- American had much larger voter’s turnout than the previous presidential elections. 95% of all African American votes went to the democratic candidate Barack Obama.
In the 1992 presidential election the candidate that got the most swing state votes also won the election; out of 17 swing states for that year Clinton, the winner, won 11 of them. For every rule there is an exception and the 1996 presidential election is just that. President Clinton ended up winning the election over all; however his opponent won in the swing states. Clinton was only able to win his second term because he won 31 out of 50 states over all. During the following national election, 2000, Bush won the swing states by 72,949 votes.
Once part of the Democratic- Republicans, who dominated the government and opposed the Federalist party in the early 1800s, the Democratic party is the oldest political national party in the United States. Democratic-Republicans believed in agrarianism, states’ rights, strictly following the constitution, and a weak federal government. They became the dominant party due to their opposition of ties with Britain and the fall of the Federalist party after the War of 1812. In the presidential election of 1824, disputes over the choice of successor split the party into two factions. The faction that became the Democratic Party, led by Andrew Jackson, won the presidency in 1828.
(Schultz, n.d.). The Confederate States of America were the first to willing withdraw from the Union as they tended to have more slaveholding families and the Northern territories were the last to withdraw from the Union as they tended to have fewer slaves. In order to prevent this from becoming a war John Crittenden and Abraham Lincoln tried to come up with several ways to compromise with the situation at hand. The first attempt was by John Crittenden with the Crittenden Compromise which was unsuccessful. This compromise was a “reconciliation proposal advocating that the Missouri Compromise line of 1820 be extended all the way to the Pacific, excluding California, with all the land north of the line free; all the land south of it open to slavery; also included an “unamendable amendment” to the Constitution, guaranteeing the preservation of slavery in the southern states where it already existed.” (Schultz, n.d.).
While the debates did not address the rights of Black Americans, it did allow the public to see both Lincoln and Douglas in a brighter light. Douglas publically stated that Lincoln had favored race equality, calling him a Radical Republican and therefore hurting his chances at ever getting a position in politics. Lincoln then challenged Douglas to a series of debates between late August and mid October in Illinois. Douglas accused Lincoln and Trumbull of conspiring to bring down Whig party in order to get their dream of abolishing slavery and getting into office. One person commented that these debates showed how much American politics have changed over the last two years, and will continue to change in the years coming.