Interpretive Naturalistic Approach

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A. Type of the Research
In this research, the researcher will apply qualitative research. The researcher thought that this method will be suitable with this research theme. Denzin, et al., (1994) in Suparman (2009:24) stating:
“Qualitative research is multi-method in focus, involving an interpretive naturalistic approach, to its subject matter. This means that qualitative researchers study things in their natural settings, attempting to make sense of or interpret phenomena in term of the meanings people bring to them.
As a type of case study, the researcher will focus on one unique experience limited in educational background. Creswell (1998:61) explained, case study is an exploration of a “bounded system”
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Quantifying the errors
To quantify the errors, the researcher will use percentage formula as Sudijono (2005:42) stated: P = Percentage (Student’s mastery) f = Frequency (students’ score) N = Total number of respondents (students)
d. Analyzing sources of error
In the last step, the researcher begins to analyze the sources which influence the errors made by students. The researcher will analyze the sources of error based on two categories stated by Gass and Selinker (2008: 103). There are two main error types within an error analysis framework; interlingual and intralingual. Interlingual errors are those caused by native language interference, while Intralingual errors are those arise due to the language learning. Whereas Richards (1974:175-179) distinguishes four types of intralanguage errors, as follows:
1) Overgeneralization, which occur when learner creates a deviant structure on the basis of other structure in the target language (e.g. He can sings, it should be He can sing or He
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Credibility of the Data
Ary (2010:498) stated, Credibility in qualitative research concerns the truthfulness of the inquiry’s findings. Credibility or truth value involves how well the researcher has established confidence in the findings based on the research design, participants, and context. In this research, the researcher will use triangulation method, means that in concerning the truthfulness of the inquiry’s findings, the researcher will use more than one instrument to get the data. Based on Eisner cited in Ary (2010:498), defines structural corroboration as a “means through which multiple types of data are related to each other to support or contradict the interpretation and evaluation of a state of affairs.”
The researcher will use triangulation method that consists of document and interview. The researcher wants to find support for the observations and conclusion in more than one data source. Convergence of a major theme or pattern in the data from these various sources lends credibility to the findings. In the study, the assumption is that the combination of methods results in better evidence. When these different procedures or different data sources are in agreement, there is corroboration.
H. Research
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