Research Methodology Summary

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The book called Research Methodology a step-by -step guide for beginners was written based on the author’s experiences as a student and an instructor in research field. Ranjit Kumar, a lecturer in Dayallagh Educational Institute, whose main teaching area are Applied Chemistry, Spectroscopy and Instrumentation, Research Methodology and Environmental Pollution Control, mentions his concept in the Preface that Research methodology is taught in various academic disciplines. In spite of these disciplines vary in content; their extensive approach to a research inquiry is similar. The author’s purpose in this book is to address these scholastic disciplines. This book was written especially for students in universities who are the newcomers to research…show more content…
Each chapter spotlights one topic such as chapter 9, Selecting a Method of Data Collection; the various methods of data collection are showed. As mention in this chapter, there are two ways to collect information: primary sources and secondary sources. In primary sources, people collect data from interviewing, observation and the use of questionnaires. All other sources, where the data is available are called secondary sources. The methods of data collection between quantitative and qualitative research studies are not isolated; there is a significant overlap between these studies. The purpose of collecting information influences the choice of a specific method and each method has its own advantages and disadvantages and appropriate for certain circumstances. Qualifications of information are depended on several factors. Thus, the applying of open-ended and closed questions is suitable for diverse situations and both of them have strengths and weakness. These methods recommended in this chapter ensure that questions in an instrument have a direct link to researcher’s objective. For these reason, this chapter is particularly…show more content…
The purpose of writing a research proposal is to give the detail about the operational plan for obtaining answers to research questions. In other to give the supervisor about what researcher propose to do, how researcher plan to proceed and why the selected strategy has been chosen. This chapter provides a framework within which a research proposal for both quantitative and qualitative studies should be written. A well-organized proposal might follow these headings: introduction (the main area of the study), research problem (details the specific problem under study), objective of the study (main objectives and sub objectives), hypotheses, study design, setting, measurement procedures, sampling, analysis of date (the procedure for data analysis), structure of the report, and problem and limitation. It should be written in academic style. An appendix of research proposal often attaches a copy of the research instrument and a list of the references. Additionally, many sets of examples are included into this chapter, which illustrate to the main ideas of the chapter are really useful. Therefore, this chapter is a significant contribution to our understanding of research proposal and how to write it

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