Hurricane Charley began as a Tropical Wave off the western coast of Africa. After traveling west across the Atlantic Ocean it became a category three Tropical Depression, at this time it was given the name “Charley” by the National Hurricane Center in Miami, even though it was no where near Florida at the time. A series of strong ridges high pressure system’s north forced it to change tracks. The storm continued to pass through the tropics and progressed into a Category 1 hurricane. August 11th the core passed forty miles southwest of Jamaica, although it did not actually hit the country, heavy rainfall, strong winds, and flooding affected the people of Jamaica.
Hurricanes are massive storms that form of fronts of warm waters throughout the tropical oceans. The intensity of hurricanes can be categorized on a scale of 1 to 5, with 5 being the most severe. The damage that these storms can bring can be from ripping a tree out the ground, to destroying a whole city. On August 23, 2005 a dreadful hurricane hit the Golf Coast mainly New Orleans. All the civilians around were not prepared for such a hit.
The Hurricane in 1928 was the second deadliest hurricane in US history, causing massive flooding from the storm surge of Lake Okeechobee with over 2,400 deaths. They did not want this to happen again so congress authorized the US Army Corps of Engineers to build the Herbert Hoover Dike. In 1947 another set of Hurricane’s came through and flooded Florida sparking Congress to act. Congress made the central and southern Florida
The storm flooded whole streets in the suburban areas, shutdown subway lines, left millions of homes without power for weeks, closed major airports, and resulted in the evacuation of over 370,000 people in the city (Dolnick NYTimes). Experts believe that the storm also created mini-tornadoes causing even more untold damage that totaled to 15.8 million dollars in damages (Dolnick NYTimes). This storm, that stuck about one year before Sandy, was many New Yorkers’ first experience of a storm that violent. When Irene made contact with New York, it was downgraded to a tropical storm, not a hurricane. This storm is important because it resulted in many policy changes in New York’s legislation in terms of storm preparation and preparedness.
The boat was swept down to Baton Rouge, where it was with 48 dead males and 3 dead females. The cost of damage was estimated to be at least 1,260,000 dollars, which would be about 30 million dollars in modern times (Hall, 2014). In the meantime, the tornado killed 317 people, but the official death toll may not have included slaves. The total amount of people who got injured was 109 people (CNN Staff, 2014). Furthermore, many people were left homeless because of all of the destruction caused by the massive tornado.
The hurricane can destroy anything in it’s path and will not slow down until the wind and storm cools down. Hurricanes can reach all the way, from 10 feet tall to 20 feet tall. However, The Galveston hurricane attack on September,8th, 1900 was one of the worst hurricane storms ever. The Galveston hurricane attack was one of the deadliest attack and that hurricane went to 150 mph with a height of 15 feet tall. One of the Local U.S.
Do you know about Hurricane Andrew? It had one of biggest effects and one of the greatest wind speeds at some points higher than Katrina. Hurricane Andrew was one of the most costliest in the U.S when it hit florida. Smashing into Florida’s heavily populated coastlines , Hurricane Andrew had surfaced land on August 24th 1992, before heading on to Louisiana. ("The Story Of The Power And Fury Of Hurricane Andrew".)
This paper focuses on the most intense hurricanes in the peninsula’s recent history, namely Hurricane Gilbert and Hurricane Dean. Hurricane Gilbert occurred in September 1988 and passed across the northern portions of the peninsula. When it made landfall around Cancun in Quintana Roo it was a Category 5 hurricane with sustained winds of 180 mph and slowly weakened over the peninsula to become a Category 2 storm as it left the Yucatan region. Hurricane Dean went through the southern portions of the peninsula in August 2007. The hurricane made landfall as a Category 5 storm with 165 mph sustained winds, and also weakened to become a Category 2 storm as it exited Campeche.
Here at the University of Florida, the field of wind engineering is a subject to which a lot of research and manpower is dedicated, particularly concerning hurricanes and the large wind loads associated with them. These powerful storms are generally associated with the eastern and gulf coasts of North America, but they can and do form elsewhere. Hawaii, surrounded by the cold waters of the Pacific Ocean, is not typically associated with hurricane activity, but in September of 1992 the island state was struck by Hurricane Iniki. Within a lifespan of a little more than a week, Iniki was able to completely change the relationship Hawaii had with Hurricanes by battering the islands with strong winds and exposing the complacency fostered by years of mild hurricane seasons. In the years to come, this storm was to serve as the basis for Hawaii’s push to better prepare for potential storms and avoid another disaster of this magnitude.
Chapter 2: New Orleans was one of the cities that were greatly affected by Hurricane Rita. The population before Hurricane Rita (2005) in New Orleans was 445,188. The temperatures in July are usually 81.9° F Hurricane Rita was especially dangerous to New Orleans because it is a peninsula. A peninsula is a piece of land that is almost surrounded by water. The bodies of water that surround New Orleans are the Mississippi River, Lake Pontchartrain which connects to Lake Borgne, and the Gulf of Mexico.
Hurricane Joaquin manifested in the Atlantic Ocean on September 27 and made its way to the Eastern United States, constantly growing in size and intensity. The hurricane eventually reached the strength of a category four hurricane with wind speeds up to a 155 mph, only two mph shy from becoming a category five hurricane (Hurricane Joaquin Recap, 2015). Though many meteorologists suspected that the hurricane would make landfall in the mainland United States, it made a drastic turn to Bermuda, but, in turn, sent a low pressure system through all of South Carolina sending down torrential rainfall starting on October 1, 2015 (Hurricane Joaquin Recap, 2015). The rain continued through October 6, 2015, breaking precipitation records throughout South Carolina causing massive flooding in Charleston, Columbia, Myrtle Beach, and other surrounding cities. Charleston received 16.33” amount of rain in a period of five days, from October 1 to October 5, while Myrtle Beach received 15.5”, shattering both previous records for rainfall (Wiltgen, 2015).
Hurricane Mitch, hurricane (equatorial storm) that destroyed Central America, specially Nicaragua and Honduras, in final of October 1998. Hurricane Mitch was known as the number two gravely Atlantic hurricane on world record, after the massive Hurricane of 1780. With millions left homeless and property damage of nearly 22 billion dirhams, it was also one of the most subversive. Hurricane Mitch created as a equatorial reduction in the southwestern Caribbean Sea on October 22. After being improved to a storm on October 24, Mitch entered a while of quick intensification, and by the afternoon of October 26, it had become gradually into a category 5 storm—the biggest average on the Simpson storms scale.
On August 29, 2005, 6:10 am, there was a horrible disaster that broke everyone 's heart. It was a Hurricane in New Orleans that also went past Mississippi and many more places. Hurricane Katrina. There were approximately 1,833 deaths. It was a tropical depression that formed in 2 hours in the Bahamas.
In Louisiana, New Orleans at 6:10 a.m August 29, 2005 a disaster strikes down. Destroying homes, cars, buildings, and etc. It was Hurricane Katrina!! Still today 705 people are missing. 15 million people were affected by this event.
There was an estimated 1833 people killed by the whole hurricane. Out of those people that died 40 percent of them died from drowning, 25 percent of people died from trauma, 11 percent of the people died of heart conditions and the other 24 percent died of other or unknown causes. The impact this hurricane had on families was crazy. After this hurricane, the population of New Orleans went down by 254,502 people that 's a decrease of over half of the city 's total population. Throughout the whole hurricane over 6000 homes were