Rebecca Lee Crumpler is a woman that history knows little of other than her degree and the little she wrote about herself in the beginning of a book. What makes this woman so important to history, and so important to me, is that Rebecca Lee Crumpler was the first African-American woman to earn an M.D. degree in the United States, and one of the first African Americans to write a book of medical advice. Crumpler, born in Delaware in 1831, was raised by her aunt in Pennsylvania. Crumpler’s aunt was a woman who spent much of her time caring for sick neighbors and friends. In the beginning of her book, A Book of Medical Discourses, she explained that being surrounded by the work of her aunt is what made her form a liking to relieving the suffering of others, which is what pushed her to go into medicine.
Mrs. Mercy Otis Warren Mrs. Mercy Otis Warren was an American poet and writer who promoted the revolutionary cause. She was born on September 25, 1728 is Barnstable, Massachusetts and died on October 19, 1814 in Plymouth, Massachusetts. She was the sister of James Otis, a political activist, and married James Warren, a merchant and farmer who served in the Massachusetts state legislature, in 1754. Mercy Otis Warren was a good friend of John and Abigail Adams.
So, Delany’s mother took her children to Pennsylvania in 1822 to avoid their enslavement and persecution brought on by attempting to teach her children to read and write, which was illegal in the state of Virginia at the time. In 1833 Delany began an apprenticeship with a Pittsburg physician where he soon opened a successful medical practice. In
Flannery O 'Connor was born in Savannah Georgia on March 25, 1925, as an only child. Her mother had to assume most of the responsibility of raising Flannery because her father died of lupus when she was fifteen. Flannery attended the Georgia State College for Women, and then went to the State University in Iowa where she received her master in Fine Arts (Gooch). Flannery’s life was very short, died at the age of 39, as she struggled with lupus, the same incurable disease that claimed the life of her father. O’Conner family was devoutly Catholic, which would influence her work and her outlook in life a great deal.
Chains, by Laurie Halse Anderson, is a slow read. It is about two slaves named Isabel and Ruth set during the revolutionary war. Their owner, Miss Mary Finch, promised them freedom when she died. Before they girls could leave Miss Finches plantation upon her death, her nephew claimed the girls and resold them into slavery. They were sold to a british merchant couple in New York.
Harriet A. Jacobs was born a slave in North Carolina in 1813 and became a fugitive in the 1830s. She recorded her triumphant struggle for freedom in an autobiography that was published pseudonymously in 1861. As Linda Brent, the book 's heroine and narrator, Jacobs recounts the history of her family: a remarkable grandmother who hid her from her master for seven years: a brother who escaped and spoke out for abolition; her two children, whom she rescued and sent north. She recalls the degradation of slavery and the special sexual oppression she found as a slave woman: the master who was determined to make her his concubine. With Frederick Douglass 's account of his life, it is one of the two archetypes in the genre of the slave
Nursing Paper Fitsum Deresa Intro to Professional Nursing Charmain McKie, RN, MS, MPH Nursing Paper Susan (Baker) King Taylor is a very important historian that played a significant role in the nursing field. Her contribution to the nursing profession is astounding, but easily forgotten and unnoticed by many.
Sojourner Truth, advocate for women 's rights, and the abolition of slavery, slave, mother of five, and wife, was born sometime during 1797 in New York, to slaves James and Elizabeth Baumfree, Truth was one of twelve kids, from the two slaves. James, Truth’s father, was captured from modern day Ghana, but her mother, Elizabeth was the daughter of a slave from Guinea. Their family was owned by Colonel HardenBergh, and then his son until his death in 1806, the family was then separated, Isabella was sold for $100 along with a flock of sheep, she’d be sold twice more in the following two years, according to “The Abolitionists: Sojourner Truth By Biography.com Editors and A+E Networks” She found herself under the ownership of John Dumont, in West
Mary Shelley was born in the heart London, England on August 30, 1797, into an artistic family. Shelley 's mom, Mary (Same name), kicked out not long after the other Marry was born. Mary was raised by her dad, William Godwin, the creator of “Enquiry Concerning Political Justice”. William and his family were frequently encompassed by successful writers and poets, for example, Thomas Paine, William Blake, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, etc.
Edith Wharton Edith Wharton, an American writer, is an influential writer who has impacted our society and the culture of writing. Wharton lived seventy-five years; born in New York and soon raised, settled, and passed away in France. Born as Edith Jones, Wharton was born to a well-off family in which she received an outstanding education. By age sixteen, she had managed to (privately) print a collection of her poems. At age 23, her had experienced the death of her father and a couple failed romantic interests; to avoid late marriage, Edith Jones married Edward Wharton.
When she turned 18, Sampson’s indentured servitude was over, and she provided for herself by teaching school and weaving during the winter. Sampson eventually married Benjamin Gannett, having three children and adopting another. The family lived in Sharon, Massachusetts in poverty. In 1797, Herman Mann helped her publish a biography of her life called “The Female Review,” sparking interest in her and she became the first female public speaker in America, going on a tour through New England and parts of New York beginning in 1802. The government of Massachusetts awarded her a $4.00 pension in 1805, partially due to the urges of Paul Revere, which they doubled in 1818.
Her eagerness to learn and to read is what created a bond between John Adams and her. Abigail married John Adams in 1764, and they moved to a small farm in Boston. When John Adams was elected to be a member of the House of Representatives John Adams left his family and moved to Philadelphia. Although Abigail stayed back in Boston with her family she greatly influenced John Adams actions through her letters.
The Witch of Blackbird Pond is a great historical fiction book set in the late 17th century following the story of 16 year old Kit Tyler starting when she comes to the colonies from Barbados after her grandfather’s death. She quickly learns that her fiery personality and upbringing conflicts with the town of Wethersfield’s environment. Soon, Kit finds herself being courted by William Ashby, a rich and influential town member and her cousin, Judith, pursues John Holbrook, a divinity student. After failing to help her other cousin Mercy teach children reading Kit meets a Quaker woman named Hannah Tupper, a supposed witch. A terrible disease plagues the youth of Wethersfield and the townsfolk attack Hannah claiming she cursed the town; Hannah
Officially, she is the second woman to hold the title of governor in the state of Texas. However, Dorothy Ann Willis Richards is regarded by many as the first woman who earn the election for Texas's top office of governor. Thanks to many years of volunteering in numerous gubernatorial campaigns, because she was the first woman to become Travis County commissioner twice, and since she was also the first woman to serve as state treasurer, the 45th Governor of Texas earned her title. For these reasons and many more, Ann Richardson, as she was better known, won the race 1990 gubernatorial race against Clayton Williams, fair and square. Unlike former governor Miriam "Ma" Ferguson, who is often disregarded as the stand in for impeached governor James "Pa" Ferguson, Mrs. Richardson dedicated many years of her life to the local and state government, prior to her race for governor (Brandeis University).
Mary Dyer was born in England in 1611. She married William Dyer and went to Massachusetts in 1635. She was a good friend with Anne Hutchinson and shared the same views; they were Quakers. She was the mother of 8 children, two died shortly after birth. Mary had a stillborn daughter that was deformed and they buried in secret, because it was believer that either if a women preached or listen to a woman preacher their child would be deformed or that the deformed child was consequences of the parents sins.