These phenomena may reduce biodiversity by making it more difficult for some species to either breed or find food (Wade, 2003). From these isolated fragments, many of the forest species will be disappear but this loss occurs throughout the relaxation period. Extinctions can be refrained by decreasing deforestation rates and increase reforesting fragmented forest landscapes. The mushrooming oil palm plantations in Southeast Asia that yield most of the world’s palm oil have had a devastating effect on the rainforest and its wildlife creature.
Most of the time the valuable timber belongs to a certain species and the rapid logging of it will result in gradual loss of interest in that certain forest after the depletion of the ‘valuable’ timber (RCF, 2016). This will then allow the forest to regenerate without any disturbance. However, this mentality from the logging companies is mostly obsolete now as with rising pressures on forest-related needs throughout the world, any or most timber will make do (RCF, 2016). Moreover, this will not be feasible if the majority trees in the specific forest are of high commercial value. Hence once again raising the question of is sustainable forestry an attainable goal.
In many ways the plants and the trees have benefited human civilization. Not many people would know that about 1 in 4 pharmaceutical drugs today contain ingredients originally derived from native plants. It is not unlikely that a variety of herbs which have the potential to provide cures for still unconquered diseases, are being burned daily. Natural habitats also provide other priceless service to human race which ranges from climate control to water purification. If these natural habitats are destroyed, it may also so happen that our future generations will not have the delight
Indonesia contains the world’s third largest area of rainforest. Thus I can see how, if the area that I use for slash-and-burn is the only one that holds a particular species, it could result in extinction. Because slash and burn agriculture is often practiced here in Indonesia where biodiversity is extremely high, endangerment and extinction may increase. When slash-and-burn is practiced by large populations, there is a temporary or permanent loss of forest cover, this process is dubbed ‘deforestation’, it has many negative effects on the environment. Deforestation drives climate change.
Almost, one-fourth of pharmaceutical drugs is derived from plants. Recently, Public resentment with the cost of prescription medications, along with the interest in returning to natural or organic treatments, had lead to the increase in the use of herbal
According to Dr. Jocelyn T. Zarate of UPLB BIOTECH, when inoculated to seedlings the fungi infect the roots and help absorb water and nutrients, particularly phosphorus, which is needed by the plant. The fungi also prevent root infection by pathogens and increase plant tolerance to drought and heavy metals. Coconut products generate the largest agri-food export. The industry has performed dismally over the years due to several reasons, foremost of which are the lack of top level resolve, inequitable resource allocation, and implementation constraints. As a result, low productivity prevails and, in turn, high poverty and insurgency.
It is in this context the relevance of the holistic approach of herbal therapy becomes important. In spite of the overwhelming influences and our reliance on modern medicine, a large segment of the world population still hangs on drugs from plants. According to a report by World Health Organization, more than three-quarters of the current world population still mainly trusts on herbal products for primary health care. Major factors that led to the increased prominence of herbal drugs in this modern world include: inadequate supply of drugs due to an upsurge of diseased individuals among the growing population, rise in the cost of treatments in the modern systems of medicine, drug abuse and resistance of many synthetic drugs, etc. So it is quite evident that the blind dependence on synthetic drugs is diminishing and more people are coming back to naturals with the hope of getting safe and secure remedies.
Environmental regulations are having an increasing effect on agriculture. Agricultural policy reforms and trade liberalization have reduced the importance of production-linked policy measures, but they remain dominant in most countries. Economy wide environmental regulations increasingly impact on agriculture. Markets function albeit often heavily influenced by government intervention to match the demand and supply of agricultural commodities but, with regard to many environmental goods and services, they either function badly or are non-existent. Frequently, the nature and quantification of the public’s demand for “environmental performance” from agriculture is not at all clear.
The most popular area that is being affected from these actions is the tropical area such as rainforests, and if these processes continued, the rainforests will disappear. Although deforestation has benefits for humans such as taking the wood to make paper, build a house, or even for fuel which is very valuable nowadays, however, deforestation has a lot of negative environmental, social and economic impacts. A good and healthy environment is something important to everyone and everything, and without good environment, the biome will not thrive. Deforestation is the main reason of destroying the environment, such as soil erosion, animals’ extinction, and health problems for humans. The soil is something important and
This leads to environmental degradation. To reduce this is to monitor and limit the number of farms, and remove all illegal farms and farmers. Eco-tourism or nature tourism should be the core tourist attraction, as the forests around the area consists of different biodiversity that cannot be found in the lowlands. The tourist attraction is not popular due to lack of promotion and advertising. To improve this is by upgrading existing trails, develop new trails, and include a package of recreational activities.