This is an effective program to protect the indigenous because it ensures that children are not neglected or mislead, since many scholar such as Heckman suggest that “poor parenting contributes to incarceration rates of youth”. Scholar Anne Gerstian backs Heckmans argument, that programs which
She already knows the bear has a story to tell. She structures a healing environment so the story can be told. She responds with her whole being” (Eagleheart, 2002, p. 187). By creating an open and comfortable environment within our classroom we can hope to encourage students and families to start an open dialogue about their fears. The teachers in the article by Whitley (2014) recognized “the limited understanding that they had of the lives, values and realities of the Aboriginal students they taught, and how this prevented them from being able to relate to and engage many Aboriginal students” (p.174).
After being aware of all that happened in the past due to our faulty educational system, and what intergenerational trauma is causing the community at present, I feel myself in debt of paying it forward to decrease the effects. Currently and in future, I see myself doing something in the childcare industry to promote the culturally responsive program for our First Nation people. I believe education is our only way forward to fix our mistakes and where to start best but with our children. Robert Laboucane emphasized this fact by saying, “First Nations are asking no more or no less than being allowed to benefit from a quality education that is comparable to that of all other Canadian children.” (CITE)By doing this, we will develop the long lost trust in the educational system and educational
As argued by Whitley (2014), “many families may continue to fear an agenda of assimilation for their children and view educational institutions as perpetuating colonization, making the development of collaborative relationships with teachers and administrators even more challenging” (p.156). Over the course of my education to be an early childhood educator I’ve learned that a key factor of success in the classroom both academically and socially is family involvement. Therefore, if the families are apprehensive about the school system it is less likely that will get involved. Whitley, Rawana and Brownlee (2014) point out “Given the intergenerational effects of the residential school system in Canada, many families may view collaboration with school staff and a focus on success in mainstream, off-reserve schools with suspicion or as a low priority” (p.37). Residential schools although now closed are continuing to provide challenges for Aboriginal
In 1996, the last of a number of schools in Canada created for the purposes of assimilating indigenous youth into Canadian society was shut down. The residential school phenomenon can be traced back to the late 1800’s, when the government authorized the taking of indigenous children from their families to be placed in church-run schools. While the schools did provide some education, many students suffered physical, mental, and sexual abuse while being stripped of their language and culture in favour or European language, culture, and values (Legacy of Hope Foundation, n.d.). Here, I will look at the residential school phenomenon through a picture of a young indigenous boy getting his hair cut in a classroom of a residential school, approached
Living in Canada, we as Canadians take pride in our culture, kindness, hospitality, and sports. Everyone around the world views both Canada and Australia as kind, multicultural caring countries that accept refugees from war torn-nations. Although Canada and Australia are looked as peace-keeping countries, in the past the governments of both nations made a number of laws that had a major impact on the Aboriginal youth. I believe that the same piece of land we formed our country on is the same land built on blood, mistreatment, and oppression. To discover information on the treatment of aboriginal youth by the governments of Canada and Australia, as well as the similarities and differences of treatment, we must take a closer look back at both countries history and also at the period when the Juvenile Delinquent Act was enacted.
We foster an understanding of the fundamental importance of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander culture to the identity of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. We respect the strength of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, families, communities and culture that have survived the confrontation of colonisation and dispossession for over two centuries. Our services believe that we need to be continually building a foundation of respect and understanding all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children and their families of Australia to provide a service that is more effective, responsive, sustainable and culturally appropriate.
Research shows that experiences of sexual abuse is related to a number of “negative health outcomes including mental, sexual and drug-related vulnerabilities” which elevates the HIV infection risk (Cedar Project Partnership et al., 2008, p. 2185). All groups and communities have experienced colonization, assimilation policies, and the resulting intergenerational trauma in varied ways and it is important to recognize Indigenous peoples of Canada as diverse populations (First Nations Health Council,
I like reading Anna Harrington’s readings about resilience and how it defines a person in how they strive and overcome challenges and obstacles that come their way in this world. People with resilience as I would see would be looked as “survivors” unlike those people without resilience tend not to make it in this ever-changing world we live in. I can relate this article to my life being born and raised in Chicago, Illinois to going off into the U.S. Army with multiple of combat deployments during the Iraq war, my time spent in law enforcement agency/legal government sector and to where I am at now.
Clary’s article speaks of how psychologists’ interest in Indigenous Australians mental health has grown drastically due to alarmingly high statistics. These statistics particularly worried the community-orientated psychologists whom have been unable to correctly meet the mental health needs of Indigenous Australians since the European Invasion. The psychological impact this made on Indigenous Australians’ had been disregarded and communities were beginning to be affected by substance and violence abuse. With such prominent mental health issues in communities, Indigenous Australians’ themselves began to seek psychological training to enable a greater control of mental health services, specific to cultural and spiritual ways.
Strengthening resilience is a critical recommendation for self-care. Resilience allows one to recover quickly from setbacks and reframe adverse situations as opportunities to grow. Because we are all unique individuals, we make meaning in different ways. Luther, Cicchetti, & Becker (2000) define resilience as a “dynamic process by which individuals exhibit positive behavioral adaptation when they encounter significant adversity or trauma” (Ruysschaert, 2009, p. 167). Charney (2004), Rosenbaum and Covino (2005) provided 10 critical characteristics of resilience: “optimism, altruism, having a moral compass, faith and spirituality, humor, having a role model, social supports, facing fear, and having a mission of meaning in life and training”
It is important to look at the different settings in which children and youth develop and engage in. Bellefeuille and Ricks (2010) argue that “Relational inquiry is the backbone of conducting Child and Youth Care practice whether it is inquiry that fosters learning for the purpose of service or for the purpose of creating knowledge” (pg.1235), which can relate back to the importance of understanding the environments where children and youth participate and grow and how it can be used as a tool to analyse research and data, as well as to develop effective programming. Two common places that can be looked at in order to comprehend children and youth and their interactions and development are communities and social networks. Eccles and Gootman
People face diverse type of life events in their different life’s periods. Some events can let us feel cheerful such as a sweet marriage, even getting a small encouragement from others; some of them can be risk or trauma for us that let us feel loss. Most people are lived under at least one violent or life-threatening in their lives (Ozer, Best, Lipsey & Weiss, 2003), so we cannot avoid that there are some events which can make serious impact in our lives. Resilience is the key element for us to overcome challenges and pain in our lives.