In social work practice, applying an ecological approach can be best understood as looking at persons, families, cultures, communities, and policies and to identify and intervene upon strengths and weaknesses in the transactional processes between these systems. Holistic thinking can provide a paradigm for understanding how systems and their interactions can maintain an individual 's behavior. Bronfenbrenner (1979), suggests four levels of ecological components as a useful framework for understanding how individual or family processes are influenced by hierarchical environmental systems. Evaluation of approach. Demonstrate critical thinking by using our discussion of theory and EBP to critically appraise the strengths and limitations of the approach at your first field placement.
Much of this paradigm dates back to the work of social work theoretician and practitioner William Gordon. Gordon was instrumental in conceptualizing the framework that the understanding and practice social work involved not only internal matters of the respective minds and environments but of their interactions and relationships as well (Heinonen & Spearman, 2001). The ‘ecosystems framework’ is complemented by concepts supported in ‘systems theory’ and ‘ecology’. ‘Systems theory’ stresses the effects of interacting elements where multiple elements are themselves whole, interact and combine to form a whole, and have relationships with other wholes (Heinonen & Spearman, 2001). An open, interactive, system may receive nourishment and sustainability from within itself and from its relationships with others (Heinenon & Spearman, 2001).
Third, program evaluation must be able to consider political and environmental context. It is in this particular characteristic that the authors aver the importance of stakeholders: the evaluator, the one to commission the evaluation; and other organizations or individuals that have significant stakes in the program. On the other hand, the results that evaluations aim for should be timely and meaningful especially to decision makers as this will determine the fate of the program. (Rossi et al.,:2004) Finally, program evaluation seeks to improve social conditions by informing social action. Findings from assessments should always serve as a basis for decisions for actions or non-actions towards the program.
We have grown to see our parents have children, build houses, buy cars cultivate farmlands, explore timber and many other aspects. I think that this is the time to ask ourselves the question how good or bad are our actions to the environment? We should not inherit the habits of our forefathers because we are now responsible for the consequences of our action base on consequential ethics which states that it is common for us to determine our moral responsibility by weighing the consequences of our actions. According to consequentialism, correct moral conduct is determined solely by a cost-benefit analysis of an action's consequences. And in this case, if we apply sustainable development and consequential ethics, I am sure that we will protect our environment looking at it as a social
III - In Emily Greenfield’s, description of Ford and Lerner’s 1992 Developmental Systems Theory, she writes “While DST notes that social environments can fundamentally influence individuals’ behavior, at the same time, individuals-within existing environmental constraints and opportunities-can select and shape these very environments. In this way, DST conceptualizes individuals as both products and producers of their own development. (E. Greenfield p. 532) The person-environment relationship is symbiotic, they affect one another and cannot be viewed independent of each other. Using Levine’s Basic Problem Solving Process, if we define assessment, as leading “...to a definition of the problem, and it beginning to indicate resources for dealing
Based on the longitudinal analysis, we can identify a pattern in how the change agents affected sustainability sensemaking. The embedding process cycled through an emerging and ongoing series of interactions. The cyclical series of interactions for embedding sustainability that we discern is similar to Daft and Weick’s "general model of organizational sensemaking" (Weick, 1984/2001), as described in the section above on Empirical application of sensemaking, and in Figure 1. However, the pattern we present advances Daft and Weick's model, as it fleshes out how the sensemaking steps are
It is said that our thoughts and behaviour, as human beings, are influence by people around and the social influences in which a situation occur. Therefore the different aspects of our behaviour is as a result of the ecological model, which is the; individual, family, school, community, society and the culture. The interactions and the impacts between an individual and the ecological model are integrated in the study of social psychology. Social psychology is a scientific discipline that seeks to understand the nature and causes of human behavior in the social environment. Therefore focus on the factors that influence people to behave the way they do in the presence of their social, and it also examines the circumstances under which certain
In “The Tragedy of the Commons,” the author, Garrett Hardin, explains how we should deal with environmental issues including but not limited to overpopulation and pollution, by giving us an example of the commons; in this case land that is shared among people. Each person wanted to gain revenue regardless of our narcissistic nature. This leads to the environmental issues that we have today, and the dilemma that the Once Ler created in “The Lorax.” Garrett Hardin, brings up the question, what should we maximize? Should we maximize the space of the commons, or the production of products to compensate for the growing population? No person should be able to determine what is needed for a growing population because of ethical and moral questions.
There are linkages between social deficits and vulnerabilities in support of strong indications between high social vulnerability traits and low community resiliency traits. This relationship should include consideration of systematic design and management of policies and procedure processes including resiliency planning to decrease disaster vulnerability while increasing resiliency during the process (Bergstrand, Mayer, Brumback, & Zhang, 2015). Consequently, the further established vulnerability planning and risk assessments, the more of a comprehensive span of resiliency preparedness
Therefore, by taking economic, social, environmental issues into accounts is a key approach to develop sustainably in different contexts. According to Griggs et al. (2013), the improvement of life quality should be within the scope of earth’s ability to support human well-beings. They mentioned that the twin priorities for sustainable development goals(SDG) must be both the earth’s life-support system and poverty reduction . It is also noticeable that different from the common understanding, which often puts clean air, ecosystem services and biodiversity into the category of environmental sustainability, Griggs et al.