IT resources across a network, allowing them to function as a virtual whole. The goal of a grid computing, like that of the electrical grid, is to provide users with access to the resources they need, when they need them. Many grids are appearing in the sciences, in fields such as chemistry, physics, and genetics, and cryptologists and mathematicians have also begun working with grid computing. Grid technology has the potential to significantly impact other areas of study with heavy computational requirements, such as urban planning. Another important area for the technology is animation, which requires massive amounts of disciplines.
It is a scheduling with many variations in requirements such as processing requirements, processing time, processing sequence and setups, and materials needed. There are two basic issues for scheduler who is using job shop processing. They always concern about how to distribute the workload among work centres and what job processing sequence that they need to use. Loading, a term refers to the assignment of jobs to processing centres, involve in assigning specific jobs to work centres. The operations manager needs some ways to assign the jobs which will be sent to centre, and look for an arrangement that will help to minimize the processing and setup costs, minimize the unwanted time in work centre, or minimize the job completion time.
1.1 General Scheduling is the method by which the work is assigned to resources that complete the work. Scheduling aims to maximize the efficiency of the operation and reduce the cost and time. Classical job shop scheduling deals with set of n jobs to be processed by a set of m machines. The flexible job shop scheduling is an extension of job shop scheduling. In the flexible job shop scheduling operations are allowed to be processed on any available machines at a facility.
Helps in scheduling tasks The tasks can be scheduled looking to the timesheets of the employees. It tells how much time employee takes for the completion of the work. In fact, timesheets help in allotting the work properly to the employees according to their efficiencies. By noting the time details, a team lead or manager can allot the work so that they can meet the deadlines on time. If the employees raise the leave request then depending on the timesheets, his tasks can be allotted to other employees.
1.1 Interconnection of power, IT and communication technologies in Smart Grid To Summarise, Smart Grid integrates 21st century technology with the 20th century electrical grid. It is conglomeration of intelligent monitoring, automation, control & Communication and IT systems. Smart Grid enables bi-directional power and information flow between sources I generators) and sinks (consumers) in a controlled manner on real time basis. The European Technology platform defines the smart grid as: “A Smart Grid is an electricity network that can intelligently integrate the actions of all the users connected to it – generators, consumers and those that do both – in order to efficiently deliver sustainable, economic and secure electricity supplies.” According to the US Department of Energy: A Smart Grid uses digital technology to improve reliability, security, and efficiency (both economic and energy) of the electric systems from large generation, through the delivery system to electricity consumers and a growing number of distributed – generation and storage resources.” In Smarter Grids: The Opportunity, The Smart Grid is defined
A grid is pre-processed and partitioned into smaller clusters. Transitions between clusters form nodes in the search graph, with an edge between them. Inside clusters, edge costs between nodes are computed and stored. This gives us the possibility of starting a search to find a high level path between clusters, and refine it where needed on the cluster level. An entity can start moving almost immediately, because no time is wasted computing an entire path in detail beforehand.
INTRODUCTION A smart grid is a power network which is based on digital technology is used to supply power, via two-way digital communications. A smart grid system allows for monitoring, analysis, control and communication within the supply chain and helps improve efficiency, reduce energy consumption and cost, and maximize the transparency and reliability of the energy supply chain. The smart grid was introduced with the aim of overcoming the weaknesses of conventional electrical grids by using smart meters. Smart grid technology has been employed by two-way communication introduced for controlling the use of appliances by However, the widespread presence of Internet access in most homes has made the smart grid more practically reliable to implement. Smart grid is equally advantageous for
The term “Microgrid” has no definite meaning. According to Lasseter (2002), he defined the term microgrids to be “a system approach which views generation and associated loads as a subsystem”. However, seven years later, Schwaegerl et al. (2009), redefined the definition of a microgrid to be "an integration platform for supply-side (micro-generators) and demand-side resources (storage units and controllable loads) located in a local distribution grid" Another researcher named Laaksonen (2011) claimed that microgrid became one part of a distribution network which possessed the islanding capability and capable of reducing the outages resulting in the microgrid performed as a component of upcoming self-healing
One resource planning technique is resource leveling. It aims at smoothing the stock of resources on hand, reducing both excess inventories and shortages. The required data are: The demands for various resources, forecast by time period into the future as far as is reasonable, as well as the resources ' configurations required in those demands, and the supply of the resources, again forecast by time period into the future as far as is reasonable. The goal is to achieve 100% utilization but