Restoration Era In William Congreve's The Way Of The World

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Restoration era was between 1660 A.D and 1700 A.D. It was during the reign of Charles II. Upon the death of Oliver Cromwell (a Puritan), Charles and his entourage returned from exile in 1660. Monarchy was restored by installing Charles II as their ruler. It was during this time that theatres were brought back which was once barred by the Puritans. The literature back then painted about the life of Restoration period. From many literature works, William Congreve’s The Way of the World is one of those satire works where the social life is mirrored. Drabble (2008) said “In these Congreve shows himself the master of Restoration comedy, studying the social pressures on love and marriage with wit and subtlety” (p.228). The play depicts the life styles of high society and the fashion. The play also talks about marriages, adultery and it also focuses on people clinging on wealth rather than love. Firstly the play is a social mirror to of the Restoration period because in William Congreve’s The Way of the World two classes from five classes were depicted. Heinz (2013) classified the restoration social classes into five and there are Royalty, Lords Temporal, Gentlemen, Freeholder, Merchant class and lower class. Only two classes were depicted in the play and they are Merchant class and lower class. Merchant class comprises of businessmen, lawyers, doctors and clergymen, whereas lower class comprises of servants, laborers, cottagers and vagrants. In the play one can find the
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