The Glorious Revolution Glorious Revolution, also called Revolution of 1688, or Bloodless Revolution, in English history, the events of 1688–89 that resulted in the deposition of James II and the accession of his daughter Mary II and her husband, William III, prince of Orange and stadholder of the Netherlands. After the accession of James II in 1685, his overt Roman Catholicism alienated the majority of the population. In 1687 he issued a Declaration of Indulgence. Seven eminent Englishmen, including one bishop and six prominent politicians of both Whig and Tory persuasions, wrote inviting William of Orange to come over with an army to redress the nation’s grievances. William was both James’s nephew and his son-in-law, and, until the birth of James’s son, his wife, Mary, was heir apparent.
In the 18th century, theatre saw another flourishing period. One of the most famous genres during the 18th century was satire as theatrical performances satirized the government and one of the most successful satirical shows of that time was The Beggar 's Opera of John Gay. As a response to such performances, the Licensing Act of 1737 was introduced to prevent satirical performances against the government ("18th-Century Theatre"). There were other genres of the 18th century theatrical performances such as: rationalism as the 18th century was known as the Age of Reason, sentimentalism, and serious drama or heroic tragedy. The 18th century English Theatre had an influence on the rising of the American Theatre and the Hallams were the ones who introduced drama in America (Hornbrow).
The period between 1661 and 1715 saw France become the most powerful nation in Europe before it entered into a deep decline. As other nations adapted their system of government in the Eighteenth century in order to remain relevant in a more anthropocentric age France maintained its system of Divine Right Absolutism, which by the late Eighteenth century had become something of an anachronism that was overthrown in revolution. The answer to this question hinges on the view taken on why the Bourbon monarchs didn’t reconceptualise their rationale for rule as well as a consideration of the wider factors beyond the walls of Versailles. Historians to this day continue to argue over the causes of the French Revolution and can broadly be divided into two main schools of thought. The classical view of the revolution which attained orthodoxy during the Nineteenth century was essentially a Marxist view.
How and why is a social group represented in a particular way? In his play The Importance of Being Earnest (1895, London St. James’ theater), Oscar Wilde portrays the attitudes and society of Victorian upper class through character interactions within the ‘Bunburyist’ adventures of Algernon Moncrieff and Jack Worthing. The play’s comedic elements, in addition to the portrayal of power structures, are used as an effective medium to challenge the viewer to reflect upon Wilde’s criticism on institutions and values of the aristocracy. In conjunction to this, deeper analysis can be conducteds about marriage in Victorian aristocracy and their attitudes to members of other social groups. Wilde portrays the upper class’ attitudes towards the rest of society in the conversation between Jack and Lady Bracknell in act 1: “[Lady Bracknell] The whole theory of modern education is radically unsound.
Shakespeare developed this part in his play like Romeo and Juliet, as u like it & Othello. But in Othello it as performed in 1604. The love of the two characters at its center is met by Jealousy, hates, treachery and death. Shakespeare wrote his play for the stage with the
Oscar Wilde in The Preface to The Picture of Dorian Gray introduces the reader to the idea of l’art pour l’art, however, the very picture of Dorian Gray is a reflection of Dorian’s sins; due to this and the ever-present idea of aestheticism in the novel, Dorian himself may be the art for the sake of art. Vanity Fair is introduced to the reader as a puppet play, a form of theatre art, and in this case, a critique of the aristocratic world. As in Wilde’s novel, we can say one of the central characters of Vanity Fair, Becky Sharp is an art piece, a daughter of a singer and a painter, eloquent, beautiful and venomous – she is the perfect reflection of schemes and ill morality that ‘vanity fair’ is.
It could be the trigger that made Carver created the male characters want a modification in male 's traditional role. His method is by showing and analyzing different kinds of masculinities in some of Carver 's stories, comparing Carver 's stories with his biography, and Hall found that masculinity crisis was experienced by Carver. Hall (2009) stated that Carver was tried to step out of the literary mainstream by writing stories such as disgruntled with daily life and ends up looking up to other 's belonging whether its "gender, sexual, class, or racial"(P.174). The statement was based on the story "Neighbors" (Carver, , as the male character Bill open all the Stones ' belonging from the kitchen to the Stones ' cupboard in their bedroom and bathroom, then he tries things such as Jim 's medicines, clothes, cigarettes, and also Harriet(woman) 's shoes. The character Bill is showed attracted to otherness which is fancier that don 't belong to him Hall sees "Fever"(p.175) as "revision" of the traditional narrative of a woman left by her ambitious husband; that a woman could have more than marriage and a family was rarely recognized in mainstream cultural texts until the
They believed that if the literature standards are ignored, it will result in cultural degeneration. He wrote An Essay of Criticism and The Dunciad to elucidate on his viewpoint of literary standards. The Dunciad, the long and elaborated mock-heroic poem of Alexander Pope was first published in 1728. The poem is filled with dark brilliance which at first served as a weapon for the personal war Pope had against stupidity and dullness. According to Pope, “Dulness” presides over the literary creations of the hack writers and is promoted by patrons who cannot appreciate art and publishers who prioritize profitability.
They include the Ahirs and the Kahars in Bihar, the kolis in Gujarat and the Vaddars in South India. They are considered caste-Hindus, above the pollution line. They have not enjoyed political power in the recent past. Most of them are small or marginal farmers, tenants, or agricultural laborers. ‘They were under the economic and political control of the landowning castes.
John James Osborne is an outstanding playwright who radicalised British theatre overnight on 8 May 1956. He used some hitherto undiscovered or unexploited themes and subjects offering to challenge the traditional expectations of the audience. Since representation of reality was his great concern, most of his plays seem to be down-to-earth, close to everyday life. Although his plays are not didactic or argumentative like discussion plays, they have some affinities with drama of ideas in that some social and political issues are also raised there for the sake of changing the human condition. His protagonists, apparently misfits in their society, strive to overcome their helplessness and assert their dignity in a discordant world.