The Criminal Justice system in Ghana defines a crime as an act against the state rather than an act against the individual and the community at large. It focuses more on punishment and retributive justice instead of restorative justice, which takes into consideration the victims, and healing the harm caused them. Victims often feel vulnerable and defenseless. Some even feel twice victimized, first by the offender and then by an uncaring criminal justice system that does not make adequate provision for them be it physical, psychological or material. They often play a totally inactive role in the criminal justice system; oftentimes they are even deprived of basic assistance or information.
Most of the time this results in prison sentencing. But when the only action is to lock people up, it doesn’t require that the individual act in a certain way, or change. Instead, it excuses the offender from answering for what they have done or punishes them in a way that does not consider the individual criminal and his or her crimes on others and such crimes impact on the overall community. Restorative justice is a victim-led process to hold offenders accountable while concurrently fulfilling the needs of all parties involved (Keenan and Joyce, 2013). This essay will critically evaluate the guiding principles of restorative justice, and more specifically look at the benefits of applying this method to sexual violence and domestic violence cases; this will be done by examining common procedures and guidelines, understanding the strengths and weaknesses, and observing specific case
1 In your own words, explain the difference between "retributive justice" and "restorative justice." (Don 't consult the dictionary, use the course materials!) Restorative Justice involves the process of taking into consideration the victim(s) of the crime and correcting the wrongs done to the victims and the community. The objective of the restorative justice approach is to allow the offender to take responsibility of his/her actions as well as attempting to make the offender face the victim and see the impact he/she caused. On the other hand Retributive Justice is punitive and make people “pay for what they did” (ex: send them to jail) without any victims input.
Retrospective Reading The Labeling theory also addresses those who are already criminals who continue to be. Once someone commits a criminal act, he or she is remembered for it. Depending upon the act, others might see this person as lower or unwanted. In severe cases, they might even be feared in the community they live in. This is called retrospective reading, and is defined more in detail by Larry Siegel in his Criminology: The Core: “Retrospective Reading: The reassessment of a person’s past to fit a current generalized label.” (Siegel, pg.
I just hated Bill, I did not like how he reacted in various situations throughout the film. He created bigger obstacles for himself with the choices he makes, like beating up a gang member, killing the nazi supporter in his shop, and then shooting a officer. If he had made right decisions from the very beginning he would have never gotten killed. Overall I thought Bill was just a creepy and an insane guy. He had extreme metal issues, however, at the same time I also felt sorrow for him because his mental health issues is what lead him to destroy his relationship with his family, especially from his daughter, who he greatly loved.
To start with it’s cruel and inhumane it is an additional insult to humanity. Supported from how brutal humans can truly be. The town, located in Philadelphia, Mississippi was utterly corrupt I cannot begin to imagine why fellow humans would harm one another in such acts of violence. For such an idiotic reason of an individual 's skin color. For instance, one particular scene in the film is nothing else but graphic.We 're a organization of Caucasian men decide to go another persons house, which is located on a farm.
The result of the rape leaves the victim fearful and hesitant to report it due to the confusion and shame they often experience after the rape. So whether in the end if it is consensual or forced is up to the evidence and the thought of what really went down. The truth can not be hidden as it can be found rather easy through simple eye witness testimonies or
If a deviant act has been done, society before judging tries to see what caused it. Intention is an important in defining a person as deviant. As a society we see whether or not the person did the act willingly or was the act done because of outside influences. For example, I had a friend who was always angry and outsiders looking in thought it was internal, they are just bad-tempered but I knew what his home life was so I saw external, his dad beat and yelled at him for no reason so he acted out this way because something bad happened to him. I based my inference off beyond his control, therefore, I did not see him as deviant.
The shortcoming of this approach is that it is not appropriate for more serious crimes such as rape and murder, because in cases like those, most of the time there is nothing that offenders can do to restore the loss or make things right The benefit of this approach is that all parties who are involved get the chance to face each other. The victims get an opportunity to be directly involved in the process and get a chance to respond to the crime committed against them. The offender becomes aware of how their offense has impacted the victim, and this in turn allows the offender to take responsibility and to apologize or show remorse to their wrong doings. Through the process healing is promoted to all the parties involved, the offender might be required to pay for the harm caused. This approach also prevents overcrowding in prisons because it also deals with rehabilitative
Unlike facts proved by science, crime is a socially constructed idea and its definition is unclear. The images of thieves or other criminals are not existing in the beginning but are developed as time passes. It makes crime like a daily life ’myth’ (Hillyard & Tombs, 2007). Also, the same kind of crime can be done under very different situations with contrasting reasons but often the crime is treated with same type of punishment under the criminal justice system. The standard form of response given by the system causes inefficiency in dealing with several acts which are all labelled with the name “crime” (Hillyard & Tombs, 2007).
This isn 't great on the grounds that with cops speculation like that it gives them to some degree a need to overstep the law. They essentially feel that with the end goal them should implement the law they need to break some. Cops hone this unwritten manage all over the place, particularly Los Angeles ' CRASH unit. Debasement was so basic in the CRASH unit that they had standard systems to cover it up if something turned out badly. In general, the LAPD didn 't have the solid bolster it required from the group.
Imagine being free of the mental chain known as a conscience. Unpleasant feelings such as guilt or regret would no longer be felt, theoretically sounding preferable. In actuality though, a conscience is what makes us truly human, and without it we would not have any compassion or empathy for others. This is why people without a conscience, also recognized by the name of psychopaths, are such a threat to society; they care exclusively for themselves and will not hesitate to harm someone, especially if the result is them achieving a certain goal they sought out to accomplish. It is a proven fact that, much like how all squares are rectangles but not all rectangles are squares, all serial killers are psychopaths but not all psychopaths are serial