Somebody Assaulted Me! Can I Sue Them For Damages? While assault is typically thought of a type of crime that you can be arrested for, it can also be the reason for a lawsuit. Assaults are known as intentional torts when you want to sue the other person for damages in a civil lawsuit.
Restorative Justice past practices and activities that are popular within the Restorative justice movement are Prisoner rights and alternatives to prisons, which is a program to change prison condition and minimize incarceration sentencing, Conflict Resolution is a program that creates neighborhood justice centers available to the community. The Victim offender Reconciliation program (VORPs) is a meeting between the victim and the community, Victim-Offender Mediation (VOMS) is mediation between the victim and the offender, Victim Advocacy is the victim rights group which focused on the efforts for restitution for the crime. The family group conferences (FGCs) allow the victim and family and the offenders to meet. The Sentencing Circle includes
We said that retributive justice is a matter of giving those who commit crimes against humanity what they deserve. Hence, the advantages of taking a retributive approach falls under that notion. Pros of using retributive justice approach • Assault: Setting example - a prison sentence provides immediate punishment. It will leave the offender with no doubt that hurting someone is not acceptable.
The Justice Reinvestment Act was a national project, mainly designed to reduce state spending on corrections and apply those savings to community programs that decrease crime and strengthen communities. The Council of State Governments Justice Center, or CSG, headed the project and conducted a study of North Carolina’s criminal justice system to identify
Let us break down what justice is; justice is behaviour that is just or fair. So the justice system is the system that enforces the law which involves apprehending the accused, prosecuting the accused, defending the accused, sentencing and punishing the guilty. The justice system makes sure that every citizen is heard for and is helped according to what has happened to them. The criminal justice system today When a person commits a crime there are different levels of punishment and decision making if a person has committed a minor crime like speeding, littering, shoplifting, prostitution, vandalism being drunk, possession of drugs etc.
Victim compensation is a governmental program that seeks to award victims of crime with monetary reimbursement or certain tools aid them begin the healing process. The people eligible for this kind of program are articulated to either be victims of various crime such as murder, rape, theft, assault, threats to life and in some instances burglary. Family members and the dependents of homicide victims are eligible to this compensation. Persons who have the responsibility for funeral preparations can be awarded as far as they can apply for this fund. Often, such victims are in dire need of medical attention and treatment, occasioned by the atrocities done by the act of crime of another.
A common theme among restorative justice (RJ) practices, as a whole, is to hold offenders accountable and empower victims. The sentencing circle, also known as the peacemaking circle, is a community-based practice with the primary goal of determining a suitable punishment that meets the needs of all parties associated with the offense. There are, however, other RJ practices, specifically ones used in cases of intimate family or domestic violence, that are in contract to the sentencing circle. For example, victim-survivor panels are a common RJ practice for victims of domestic or sexual violence. Victims do not face their abuser but rather the attendees are individuals, typically men, responsible for committing similar offenses as those described
Crime victim compensation is a government program that reimburses victims of violent crimes. Victims can get compensated for assault, rape, and homicide and their families can be reimbursed for many of their out of pocket expenses (Karmen, 2016). Every state has a crime victim compensation program that allocates funds to survivors of violent crimes that is funded by fees collected from criminal offenders and a federal grant through the Victims of Crime Act, administered by the U.S. Department of Justice. In order to be eligible for compensation the victim must report the offense within a certain amount of time, cooperate in the investigation and prosecution, and file an application within a set time. The expenses covered by compensation vary
In this sense, advocates of rehabilitation see the opportunity to use the criminal justice system as part of a larger social welfare”(Wright, 2012, p. 1.6). Correctional professionals can use criminal theory to help them understand why certain criminals do and commit the crimes they have. With criminal theory there are many different theories as to why criminals become criminals. If correctional professionals were to take a class on understanding criminal behavior or criminal theory I honestly believe that it would help them in understanding how to help certain inmates achieve rehabilitation or self confidence. When trying to understand why people commit crimes, correctional professionals should have an understanding on how to treat and take care
These defenses are factors that excuse a competent person from liability for a criminal act. Some examples of a justification defense are duress, entrapment, self-defense, and provocation. Starting with excuse defenses, a mental disorder is a disease of the mind. “Disease of the mind”, is any illness, disorder, or abnormal condition which impairs the human mind and its functioning. It excludes temporary conditions of alcohol, drugs, hysteria or concussion.
When this is violated, the response is punishment. The second one is compensatory, and in this case, the offender is obliged to pay the victim in order to compensate for the harm caused. The third one, therapeutic, uses therapy to help individuals return to previous normal state. Finally, conciliatory seeks to reconcile the conflicting parties such that mutual harmony is restored. These social control styles, therefore, are applicable to the case of murders in the US.
Out of the countless systems that America has, the criminal justice system has the most complication. Many judges, lawyers, and even prisoners have views on how to improve the criminal justice system but, to be able to pin point the problems of the criminal justice system you must discern what the causes are. Most would say that the problem with the prison system is the overcrowding. A few says the sentencing causes chaos in the criminal justice system. I believe that one or the main problem with the criminal justice system is the sentencing.
1. The difference between specific and general deterrence is the focus population. Specific deterrence focuses on deterring convicted offenders from repeating offenses. General deterrence focuses on deterring people who have not been arrested away from crime. 2.
2.Restorative justice moves from a philosophy of vengeance and retribution to one of healing, reconciliation, and forgiveness. In contrast to the traditional criminal justice that focuses on the punishment of the offender. Restorative justice focuses on victims, offenders, and the community throughout the whole process of restoring justice. As a result, restorative justice can be applied to community-based sanction or to prisoner re-entry. In addition, within the traditional criminal justice system, the state acts on behalf of victims to punish an offender, making them feel angry, unsupported, socially isolated, and distrustful of a system that was designed to protect them.
The criminal justice system does many things for our society. It provides us with a place to put criminals. It acts as a rehabilitation center for those criminals so that when they come out of jail or prison they can reintegrate into society. The criminal justice system provides us with a forum in which we can solve disputes legally which is the court system. It also acts as a deterrence for potential future offenders by putting someone in jail or prison.