Revenge And Identity In William Shakespeare's Hamlet

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In Hamlet, by William Shakespeare, he analyzes the challenges royalty could face and emphasizes the complexity of family relationships, suicidal thoughts and doubt, and explores the ideas of revenge and identity. The main themes present are corruption, expectation versus reality, and the complexity of actions. The context of this play is set in Elsinore, Denmark in the 14th century, where a prince seeks revenge for his father, and discovers his father was murdered by his uncle while his mother was courted and now married to the usurper. If Shakespeare had written Hamlet today, most of the themes would still be relevant, however the setting and characters’ experiences would differ due to technological advancements and modern belief systems. The setting of Hamlet differs greatly from present day Denmark. In the play, it is meant to emphasize the theme of the nation as a diseased body. For example, Claudius, Hamlet’s uncle, murders his own brother to take the throne for himself, as shown when he says, “To bear our hearts in grief and our whole kingdom to be contracted in one brow woe.” (Hamlet, 1.2.3-4). This demonstrates that the nation is rotting because the actions of the leader are corrupt. This also alludes to the corruption in Denmark caused by a single all powerful leader during Hamlet’s time. In contrast, present day Denmark goes against this theme because the government represents a constitutional monarchy, where it considers a parliament, legislative and judicial

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