The unjust death of a loved one leads to irrational thoughts and actions. In William Shakespeare's, Hamlet, Hamlet is driven insane by the morality of his thoughts and actions after discovering his father was mercilessly killed by his own brother, Claudius. Evidence of this is shown through Hamlet's soliloquy regarding the ghost, his confrontation with Ophelia, and his murder of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern,
Revenge is a strong urge that shouldn't be acted upon because of the consequences. Understanding the influence of emotion and thought on human behavior is important for coming up with solutions to problems. Karyn Hall writes about, and goes in-depth about the topic of revenge. Revenge is self-destructive, yet it is still a part of everyday life. One theory about the purpose of revenge is to prevent certain hostile actions.
In Shakespeare’s Hamlet, Hamlet struggles to cope with his late father’s death and his mother’s quick marriage. In Act 1, Scene 2, King Claudius, Queen Gertrude, and Hamlet are all introduced. Hamlet has just finished publicly speaking with his mom and the new king, and after he is interrupted by his good friend Horatio, who reveal the secret about King Hamlet’s ghost. Hamlet’s soliloquy is particularly crucial because it serves as his initial characterization, revealing the causes of his anguish. Hamlet’s grief is apparent to the audience, as he begins lamenting about the uselessness of life.
Hamlet’s Revenge In the William Shakespeare’s play “ Hamlet “ the theme of revenge arises. Hamlet is the prince of denmark and is studying in england. Hamlet suddenly knows about his father’s death when he is in england. After Two months from his father’s death, his mother marries his uncle which makes him more disturbed.
Furthermore, in the Hamlet Effect which was previously mentioned written by Holly Crocker has explained how behind each motive there should be a reasoning. The paper in a specified part explains in depth how maily there is no clear motive behind the act of revenge. This part of the section reads “ We argue that there is no clear standard … on the perceivers attributions for the act” ( Crocker 1194). The quote explains what revenge is and the behavior that goes along with it. They also talk about the psychological benefit and cost that goes along with revenge.
Edgar Allan Poe is most famous for the gothic themes he presents in his writings, this was no exception for Poe’s “The Cask of Amontillado”. Several important ideas are brought up about the story’s central theme of revenge. These ideas can be broken down into 3 parts: the incentive, the extent, and the reaction of the person partaking in revenge. It is essential to consider these ideas while reading Poe’s story, in order to comprehend his views on revenge. It also provides the reader the ability to question their own views on revenge as well as compare it with Poe’s.
Redemption, is the action, regaining or gaining possession of something in exchange for payment, or clearing debt. In William Shakespeare’s play Hamlet, redemption is a common focus for the protagonist Hamlet, followed by Old King Fortinbras’ son, Fortinbras, and Laertes. These ambitious men embark on a quest for truth and redemption because of the loss of their father’s. In spite of the fluctuations in their quest, their journey for truth and redemption is successful because Fortinbras, Laertes and Hamlet all avenge their fathers’ deaths. Through Active Reversal, Fortinbras’ quest was successful, by Laertes’ Fear of Betrayal his quest to kill Hamlet was successful.
To be or not to be morally ambiguous is to have the lack of coherence in making moral life decisions. In Shakespeare's play Hamlet, the main character Hamlet goes through a great transformation. Hamlet seeks revenge toward Claudius who he believes killed his father for the throne. In many of Shakespeare’s play there is always a hero and a villain, but in Hamlet, Hamlet plays a pivotal role because he can be viewed as both the hero and the villain. Hamlet is seen as a morally ambiguous character due to the decisions he makes throughout the plot of the novel that ends up leading him to his demise.
Thus, the retribution and atonement from the downfall of the characters of Hamlet further augment that justice will always punish those who deserve punishment, and reward those who deserve rewards. They all commit villainous deeds that lead to their own self-destruction, such as murder and butting into others’ business. As apparent, they all seem to atone for their actions in the end, putting natural order back into place after Claudius first disrupts it. Their own actions turn against them and provoke nemesis to take its course. Seen through the actions and fates of Hamlet, Fortinbras, Laertes, Polonius, and Claudius, it is evident that justice triumphs and that people will always get what they deserve.
Prior to this passage, Hamlet seems to be primarily driven by the need for revenge against Claudius. However, in this passage, Shakespeare uses a metaphor to reveal that Hamlet’s hate is directed not only at Claudius, but at all of humanity. When Ophelia tells Hamlet that he loved her, he says she should not have trusted him because “virtue cannot so inoculate our old stock”. This metaphor involves plant grafting, a practice in which the upper part of one plant, the scion, is joined to the lower part of another, the stock. Hamlet argues that humans, which are the stock, cannot gain virtue, which is represented by the scion to be inoculated onto the stock.
One of Hamlet’s tragic flaws that leads to his ultimate downfall is his indecision. In Act II scene ii, Hamlet’s soliloquy reveals how much loathing he has for himself. He sees himself as weak and useless for not avenging his father’s death after the spirit of King Hamlet discloses the information of his murder. Hamlet calls himself a coward because he does not have nearly as much passion for his deceased father as the actor does for Hecuba, a fictional character that the player does not even know. However, Hamlet convinces himself that he has a reason for not immediately killing Claudius.
Is Hamlet’s revenge justified? The most important question would be: is revenge ever justified? Some people think that revenge is the one moral thing that they should do in that moment, and other people think that it is not a moral thing at all. Maybe deep into this question lies another reason that is more than revenge. Hamlet is the son of the King of Denmark; he was supposed to rule after his father.
Hamlet features several acts of cruelty that lead to many of the events that occur. The meaning of cruelty throughout the play suggests that cruelty does not do good towards anybody and only has negative effects. The characters help portray this by their actions and immediate reactions. Cruelty leads to the downfall of each character. Cruelty is first shown by Hamlet, who has just returned from England.
Revenge comes in all types of cruel, menacing actions. Hamlet’s theme is surrounded by cruelty and the cruelty progresses the play throughout. During the play the main perpetrator is King Claudius and the victim that is affected through most of his actions is Hamlet. Cruelty functions in the work two ways, it causes a chain reaction full of conflict and it helps develop a greater theme inside of the work. Hamlet is a tragic play that combines revenge with cruelty to develop a timeline of barbaric events that result in utter disaster.