Reverentia's Criticism And Use Of Force In Revergeria
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I. REVERENTIA’S ENCOURAGEMENT OF THE EAST AGNOSTICAN REFERNDUM VIOLATED AGNOSTICA’S TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY, THE PRINCIPLE OF NON-INTERVENTION, AND THE UNITED NATIONS CHARTER GENERALLY.
A. Reverentia’s encouragement constitutes a threat or use of force against the territorial integrity and the political independence of Agnostica.
Article 2(4) of the United Nations states, “All members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the purposes of the United Nations.” In the present case Reverentia’s indirect or use of force and the threat or use of force constitutes a violation of the territorial integrity and political independence of Agnostica.
1. There was the use of indirect force as Reverentia did not refrain from encouraging the East Agnostican Referendum.
Article 2(4) which has attained the status of custom in international law provides that not only the use of force is prohibited, but also the threat of force. According to Malcolm N. Shaw he refers force to mean threat also other than the mere act of war or even more the technicalities of a war. This expands the prohibition of the use of force to mean even the use of threat and by this, Reverentia’s act of sending soldiers to the borders alongside East Agnostica sends out messages of threat than an act of good faith concern to the territorial integrity of